The purpose of the article is to draw attention to the similarities of technical regulation of the European Union and the Eurasian Economic Union. The fact of similarity was established in a number of scientific works, including a joint Belgian-Austrian-Russian project. The convergence of two integration models is a way to overcome political confrontation and technical barriers between two integration unions. The most realistic scenario is sectoral agreements on mutual recognition of conformity assessments, like the transatlantic ones. To increase trust, it is important to develop professionalism and independence of the EAEU bodies. Joint scientific and practical projects, in turn, should contribute to shaping of a constructive agenda.
Italy has become the first country of the EU where, after the parliamentary elections held in March 2018, the government coalition was formed by two populist parties - the “League” and the “Five Stars Movement”. During the first year in power, the new “government of change” came into confrontation with Brussels on migration management and fiscal discipline, openly undermined the subjectivity of the European Union in the international arena. As the basis of its domestic and foreign policy, the Italian government starts from the priority of national sovereignty, appealing to the will of the Italian “people” and using the tools of direct democracy. The article analyzes the main results of the first year of populists in power, and also identifies the main factors that may affect the legitimacy of the current government in the future.
The article suggests a new approach for the study of EU-Russian relations, based on levels of analysis. Departing from the categories ‘levels’ and ‘levels of analysis’ in IR theory, the article formulates structural, thematic and institutional approaches to the evolution of relations between various actors. Structural approach identifies the levels of personality, region, state, integration entities (the EU or the Eurasian Economic Union) as well as that of international organizations or global order. Thematically three levels are identified: that of long-term conceptual goals and values, long-term goals in specific policy areas as well as the level of their implementation. Finally, institutional levels of analysis consist of interstate / intergovernmental, transgovernmental and transnational relations. For each of the three approaches to the levels of analysis the article describes theoretical roots, defines the levels and demonstrates the value, providing questions and problematic areas, which they help to examine.