The article presents an empirical study of the cross-impact of socioeconomic development in Russian regions and migration in Russia. The employed data include state statistics, sample surveys, and administrative statistics for 2017. It is shown that none of the migration types (long-term international and domestic, international and domestic labor migration) has a statistically significant effect on the indicators of socioeconomic development in Russian regions. At the same time, labor migration, both international and domestic, is most dependent on the integrated development of regions, in contrast to long-term types of migration.
The paper is based on materials from two projects carried out by the Center for Migration Studies (CMS, Moscow), which have been realized with support from the UN Women: “Opportunities and Problems of Social Integration of Labor Migrants from Central Asian Countries in Russia” (the sample size is 400 respondents; the query regions are Moscow and St. Petersburg) and “Migrant Women from CIS Coun tries in Russia” (the sample size is 1169 respondents; the query regions are Moscow and Moscow oblast, Samara oblast, St. Petersburg and Leningrad oblast, and Krasnodar krai). The materials of two focus groups with migrant women from Central Asia in Russia, which were organized in 2010, have also been used.
This paper discusses the data of sociological surveys on the motives and sources of attracting migrants, their legalization and the quality of the labor force, employment conditions, and the registration of labor relations with the employer. The surveys were conducted in selected regions and industries employing migrants.