The article deals with the phenomenon of monsters as a specific example of creating a kind of sense territoriality by means of historical and philosophical reflection. A particular type of political monster is specified. It argues that the political space has a historical character and undergoes a series of successive transformations. The deformation of space of political means that in the course of the next transformation was made a strategic error changes its meaning, leading to the emergence of the phenomenon of political monsters.
Information is given about the new museum in Sviyazhsk, on the territory of the Russian world heritage site. This is the first Russian museum of archaeological wood, based on the archaeological findings of the former town of Sviyazhsk. The Museum exhibits a complete area of wooden buildings Sviyazhsk XVI-XVII centuries, including 40 wooden buildings. The original structure of the new museum, its technical equipment is noted. The new museum meets the highest international standards and has no analogues in the Russian museum practice.
The article substantiates the necessity for creation and development of a scientiﬁ c-educational cluster under the conditions of activating Russian-Chinese co-development processes in the cross-border sociocultural medium. In the context of persistent expansion of Chinese “soft power”, clustering is more than a way of concentrating material and intellectual resources. Clustering means the only chance for the Russian border areas to prevent forced introduction of foreign cultural elements. Moreover, concentration of the mentioned resources will promote our culture in the cultural space of Chinese borderland in their undistorted forms. Authors suggest including the model of “the regional bordering cultures' dialogue” into the clustering concept to provide the basis for the clusters' functioning in the Russian-Chinese borderland and to build the behaviour pattern of mutual complementarity, not the role-picking one. The basic clustering functions shall be laid on universities acting as integrating power for the anthropological, sociocultural and other factors of the phenomenon. Those are the borderland universities, united by similar characteristics, that are able to lead Russian education into the competitive conditions of Russian-Chinese international educational space development.
In the past twenty years, all the key authors who wrote about the state of postmodernity either began to be engaged in other research areas (Fredric Jameson) or declared that the postmodernism is dead (Linda Hutcheon). Since 2000, when the fatigue from the postmodernism became evident to everyone, various researchers, critics and theorists began to offer their concepts of our era. However, all these theories, emphasizing the change of cultural paradigms, interpret culture traditionally not paying attention to total digitalization and the introduction of new technologies into our lives. However, in two concepts of our time these processes become central. These are the concepts of the digimodern and automodern. The focus of this article is the idea of automodernism, proposed by the American social theorist Robert Samuels in 2007/2009. He believes that our world is characterized by two contradictory tendencies – automation and the desire for autonomy (personal freedom). From his point of view, the former often does not allow to reach the latter due to certain circumstances. Samuels, using the example of a car, a personal computer, the Internet, etc., shows what exactly our culture is in the broadest sense. Analyzing the concept of “digital youth,” he also pays attention to the formation of a new subjectivity of the era of automodernity. Finally, the most interesting part of the concept of automodernism, which is most relevant today, is the criticism of leftwing social and philosophical concepts (Slavoj Žižek, Jameson) and cultural theories (Henry Jenkins). At the end of the article, the author mentions Adam Greenfield’s latest book Radical Technologies: The Design of Everyday Life. Thanks to this book, Samuels’ theory can be verified.
The article discusses one of the latest attempts of "rewriting" of postmodernism, known as "cosmodernism», that was undertaken by American philosopher Christian Moraru. The authors reconstruct the discussion on the necessity to build a new philosophical project to replace Fredric Jameson’s postmodernism, on which was based Moraru’s philosophical work. The article offers a historical-philosophical reconstruction of the theory of cosmodernism in its relation to disputes around postpostmodernism in the beginning of the XXI century, and also clarifies the relationship between the concepts of "cosmodernism" and "planetarism", which are the historical names of one project. Critical review of the concept of cosmodernism/planetarism describes the methodology of Moraru, that consists mainly of the analysis of literary works from the mid-nineteenth century to the present day, which demonstrate, according to the philosopher, the most representative features of modernity. The analysis of the theory and its comparison with competing socio-philosophical projects, such as digitalism and metamodernism, reveals the most interesting for the actual social philosophy side of cosmodernism: an indication of the blurring of subject-object boundaries in the present, the analysis of the phenomenon of netovisation of space, rethinking the nature of the completing globalization, the prospects of the worldling process, which would end in the cultural concept of the planet. The weak points of Moraru's philosophical work is the concentration exclusively on avant-garde literature, which limits the author's ability to work with the empirical material of modernity and weakens the position of his theory in comparison with other projects. The main subject of Moraru's research, - literature -, implicitly filled with ethical pathos, introduces an element of utopian duty into the concept of cosmodernism and removes from the philosopher's sphere of attention other important phenomena of modern culture, which makes Christian Moraru's project even less suitable for the analysis of modernity than postmodernism.
After postmodernism’s key theorists abandoned the topic (Fredric Jameson) or even allowed that postmodernism is no longer exists (Linda Hutcheon), various concepts under the umbrella term “post-postmodernism” have begun to emerge since 2000. One of the last intellectual alternatives to post-modernism was the metamodernism proposed by two Europeans, Timotheus Vermeulen and Robin van den Akker. In 2010 they published a kind of manifesto entitled Notes on Metamodernism in which they argued that there had been a pivot away from cynicism and irony toward sincerity and romance in the newly emerging culture. This pivot heralds the arrival of the new era of metаmodernism. The author of the article critically evaluates the manifesto and concludes that the concept of metamodernism does not stand up to scrutiny and has little of substance to offer. The metamodernism manifesto is at best a set of declarations. However, this does not mean that the metamodernists had not intuitively hit upon the key to cultural and social tendencies that are still not completely clear. At the end of 2017 a new collection of articles edited by Vermeulen and van den Akker was published. Even though the authors of the metamodernism concept had almost nothing new to offer and failed to develop their ideas any further, other researchers and thinkers with different theoretical orientations from the original authors have taken up the metamodernism impulse and made it qualitatively more interesting. The metаmodernism project has been developed with greater sophistication by theorists and also through empirical research. Metamodernism has been vindicated by the new life it has been given.
The article discusses the phenomena of lies, hypocrisy and deceit in politics. Explores questions of morality and immorality in politics, ways and means to avoid hypocrisy in politics.
The article presents a structural-semantic analysis of a N. Leskov’s story “The Devil-Chase” (“Chertogon”) in order to establish some particularly meaningful elements of the text and show how they direct and determine the understanding. In particular, there are some utterances, a narrative perspective, a narrative program, as well as some multiple variable focalizations, which show a narrative subject in focus of different points of view. As for a narrative organization, the told story is enclosed between two reflected sentences: (1) “there is absolutely no life” and (2) “...he feels life again” with a key link episode, such a devil-chase (‘chertogon’), as a condition for transformation of ‘non-life’ in ‘life’ in the time interval to ‒ to +1. In a narrative perspective, the so called rite, described in the story, includes some several episodes (sub-frames), such a riotous night in a restaurant, ablution in baths and praying before the icon of Virgin of All-Waving (“Vsepetaya”), connected by a causal implication A → B → C. So ‘fall’ is necessary implicated by ‘ascension’, as being concerned in a mutter and condition, behind only a basic opinion, what the narrative subject believes, as a ground and a “good popular faith” as guarantee for truth.
The paper want to reconstruct the genesis of the enclyctical Divini Redemptoris (19 th March 1937) against the Soviet Communism. This documentation permits to demonstrate that the publication of the encyclical was the point of arrival of a twofold evolution. The encyclical bears the personal imprint of Pope Pius XI.
Article is devoted to the comparative analysis of some models of Human in social sciences. Creation of such models in economy and sociology is constant in all the time of their existence. This reseach interest is not abstract and motivated with the order to predict the consumer preferences of the person. Evolution of the ideas in this area is briefly tracked. The «homo economicus» is compared to image of human in Christianity and the person with rights and duties in law. The utilitarian character of "homo economicus" is emphasized. Outside all models is a potential of Human, that "it isn't theorized".
The author makes a hypothesis that transition from the idea of "homo economicus" to the concept “human capital development” is caused by impossibility to use the idea " homo economicus " in the practical purposes. The idea to count the “human capital" is actively implemented in the legislation and the international acts. Today a set of indicators which should be used when calculating "the human capital" is formed. At the same time use of this concept is speculative, and the ultimate goal of development of "the human capital" remains uncertain. The identification of the person is separately considered, the assumption is made that development of technologies of identification can lead to creation of the new model of human which is formed on his information traces.
In general the conclusion is drawn that ethical control not only of introduction of achievements in the field of biogenetics, but also behind programs of creation of the “new humanity» through “human capital development” and also behind use of technologies of remote identification
"Permian Athens" - that's how the house od Dyagilevs family was called in the past. The article is about the role of Dyagilevs family in Perm and their permian period. Also about the Diagilevs festival and its events.
Where conspiracy theory comes from? It is a matter of concern for those who believe in them and those who are highly skeptical. Whether academic studies can explain the origin of this phenomenon? Which questions do the researchers of this phenomenon raise in contemporary situation and how they attempt to solve them?
The article discusses the relationship between political activism and the two key strategies of political mobilization: direct and indirect. It is concluded that the specific type of mobilized activism is determined by the exact strategy of political mobilization that is being applied. Direct strategy generates personified activism, and indirect – impersonal. The empirical material has become the feature of recent and current election campaigns in the US, France, Germany, Russia.
The article deals with the notion of political content, the criteria for its selection from policy areas, key political version. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the nature and the variants of political as aesthetic choices.