The work is written on the material of the various publications of the Upper Kolyma Yukaghir legends about Yukaghir national hero Khalandin. The historical basis of the legends was, apparently, the chain of real events of the third quarter of the 17th century. The texts of this cycle report that the hero Khalandin fought against the invasions of foreigners (Koryaks) upon the upper Kolyma Yukaghirs and achieved their cessation. A number of legends also contain another motive - that Halandin himself raided other foreigners (Evens) for the purpose of robbery. At the same time, in the legends recorded at the end of the 20th century, this motive is often accompanied by statements that reciter and Halandin himself are not very fond of such raids (in particular, showing that Hlkandin himself is ashamed of doing this to a certain extent). An analysis of historical traditions allows us to think that these moments are characteristic of a late time. The change in the models of the relationship of historical traditions to the foreigners-Evens was affected by changes in the Yukaghirs' perception of Evens as Yukaghirs changed their enmity with the Evens to a symbiosis with them. Some general cultural and anthropological models of perception of foreigners by the Yukaghirs and changes in these models, including its consequences for the modifications of the epic tradition, are revealed.
The article analyses the debates among the South African establishment on the Land issue and a possible amendment to the Constitution which would enable the government to expropriate land without any financial compensation. It is crucial to note that the Land reform is currently high on the agenda of the South African society, to say the least. Debates on the expropriation of land without compensation were resumed in the country shortly after December 2017 when ANC announced its readiness to reconsider article 25 of the Constitution, the article which stipulates property rights for land. Whereas there is a common understanding in South Africa that the land issue is to be addressed as soon as possible, opinions on how to achieve this goal differ significantly. Proceeding from their field research conducted in South Africa, the authors analyze the stand of the modern church organizations and social movements on the Land reform. The question hanging in the air is whether it is acceptable to expropriate land in order to fix the housing crisis in the South African megalopolises. Also, the article attempts to consider the Land reform as a possible solution to the housing crisis in South Africa. All things considered, the Land reform is a multifaceted issue with too many stakeholders, including government and different social, traditional and religious groups. In a nutshell, the Land reform is a Catch 22 situation where any move could be fraught with serious repercussions.
The article addresses the social dimension of Leo Tolstoy’s thanatological prose based on the “Master and Man” short story material. The research is focused on the relationship between narrative form of the text, its social thrust, and experience conveyed by the poetic act, which are intrinsic to the “journey-discovery” concept.
Forword to publication of the selected letters from the period from 1911 to 1940 addressed to friends, teachers and students and uncle Leon Pasternak.
The article deals with the Greek tradition about the movement of Amphilochus and Calhas with their companions across Anatolia to Cilicia and Syria after the fall of Troy which is traditionally regarded as a part of the story of Mopsos and his march to the East. The authors show that this tradition was originally independent from the legends of Mopsos, and that it has a historical parallel to Achaean component of the Sea peoples’ migration under Ramesses III. In the authors’ view, the legends about cooperation of the «Amphilochus – Calhas group» with the «Mopsos group» in Cilicia are also connected on the basis of their general motives (contrary to their fictional and contradictory details in Greek tradition) with the real interactions between various migrant groups of the 12th century BC in Cilicia.
The article deals with the mechanisms of adoption of monuments and urban street sculpture by a folkloric tradition: the appropriation of unofficial names, the appearance of humorous descriptions, the completion of the composition of monuments, and so on.
An article about children's Soviet poetry of the 1920s - 1930s
The article demonstrates that the initial words of the German ambassadors’ speech to Vladimir Svyatoslavich in the 6494 entry of the Povest’ vremennykh let represent a diplomatic formula also reflected by the 6733 (1225) entry of the First Novgorod Chronicle. The formula in question declares freedom of ambassadors’ and merchants’ traveling through the lands of contracting states. Accordingly, the ambassadors’ words contain a proposal to Vladimir to supplement the mutual openness for economic and political contacts already existing between the two countries by their confessional community.
The article proposes an identification of the place-name ustaulm / *Ustahólmr witnessed in the runic inscription of the mid-eleventh century on the stone from Ålstad (Nordland, Norway) as a Scandinavian variant of the Slavic oeсonym *Оусть-островъ, which is supposed to designate a settlement of the Rus’ on the island of St. Aitherios (presumably, contemporary Berezan’ Island) at the mouth of the Dnieper. The article suggests that the three main camp-settlements of the Rus’ on their way down the Dnieper River in the 10th and 11th centuries were named in this runic inscription: Russia = Kiev (= *Garðar), Vitichev (= *Vitahólmr) and a camp on an island at the mouth of the Dnieper *Estuary-island (= *Ustahólmr).
In this article the process of introduction of interactive technologies is presented on the example of the museum of wooden architecture «Khohlovka» and the project that received second place in Russian tourist award «The route of the year 2019». In the article the process of formation of the project is investigated. Also you will learn about the specifity of the project and its links with the principles of the experience economy (economy of impressions). The main components of the interactive programs are distinguished. Such as: active folk games, theatralization, master-classes, excursions, tea-beak etc. In this article immersive effect of the project is reached by the sensory process, the influence on the sense of smell, touch, sight, hearing, flavoring. All these senses are activated during the programs.
The Holiness movement, accentuating the importance for every true Christian of achieving the state of Christian perfection as well as of experiencing the so-called “entire sanctification” by the Holy Spirit during one’s lifetime, began spreading in Japan at the end of the XIX – beginning of the XX century. One of its most prominent leaders was Nakada Juji (1870–1939), who founded the Japanese Holiness Church in 1917. Main tenets of Nakada’s teaching included the belief in Biblical infallibility, justification by the death of Christ on the Cross, in the entire sanctification by the Holy Spirit and achievement of the state of holiness during one’s lifetime, curing all diseases by faith alone, and in the Second Coming of Christ. Along with ideas similar to those of other holiness movements in the world, Nakada propagated a number of specific concepts, including the idea of the unique historical and cultural mission of Japan and special spiritual and even genetic ties of the Japanese with the Jews. Nakada’s ideas exercised significant influence upon his contemporaries as well as on the future generations of holiness movements’ leaders and Pentecostalist groups in Japan.
The article discusses the principal stages of establishment of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), reforming of Russia police of in the first half of the XIX century when the basic ways of area of activity of police authorities in provinces were determined. The goal of the research is reconstruction of the development and the state of the staff assistance of police of Kazan province basing on the analysis of regulatory and archival clerical documents in the first half of the XIX century.
The article concerns the analysis of “Oedipus”, a tragedy by P. Corneille, staged in Paris in January 1659. The play, created on the advice of Superintendent N. Fouquet, has substantial plot differences as compared with classical Oedipus story schemes, dating back to Sophocles and Seneca. Corneille has considerably shortened the tale about the life of Oedipus and Jocasta, and, at the same time, developed the story of Laius’ daughter Dirce and her lover Theseus. While analyzing, the author comes to the conclusion that the central subject-matter of Corneille’s tragedy is the search for 270 Новый филологический вестник. 2019. №2(49). 271 a true king, a blood descendant of Laius, who could sacrifice himself in order to save Thebes from plague. Initially, Oedipus does not understand his mission, nevertheless, towards the end of the play, he becomes a real king, embodiment of the state as a whole. There is a hypothesis that such political pathos could be explained mostly by historical realia of the Fronde, by the tender age of Louis XIV, as well as by pragmatic orientation of the play towards high society audience, for whose pleasure Corneille ‘softened’ the dreadful details of the ancient myth, and developed Dirce’s and Theseus’ characters in conformity with the principles of gallantry. The author comes to a conclusion that the play with a modified ancient plot turns out to be the embodiment of the ‘beautiful infidels’ translation strategy, which is based on a pragmatic change of the initial text in accordance with the needs of a certain public. It has been suggested that Corneille could have become with his play, willingly or unwillingly, a partisan of the ideas of the French high society and Fouquet, whose arrest in 1661 was one of the first independent steps of Louis XIV as a French monarch.
The article compares two conceptual images of the “Invisible City” in the German and Russian aesthetics of modernity – “Secret Germany” and the city of Kitezh. From the point of view of phenomenology, the author focuses on a special type of sociality. The term “esoteric openness” or “including exclusivity” is introduced to define the collective experience of the symbolic reality of the “Invisible City”. “The Church of the Invisible City” (1914) by Sergei Durylin is taken as a basis for describing the community of the “Invisible City”. This idea has a heuristic potential in the context of “post-secular” models of the state and society.
Based on an empirical verification of L1-L2 contrastive analysis results, the author designed a methodology and a numeric scale for assessing consonant errors typical of Russian native speakers speaking German. The paper describes how the scale can be used for detecting and ranging main discrepancies between Russian and German consonant systems resulting from different phonological status of phonetic palatalization, aspiration and semi-voicedness. Ключевые