In this article the author based on sociological research analyzed managerial roles of leaders in Nizhny Novgorod. The author concluded that organizational processes of the company depend on the managerial role of its leader. The article offers characteristics of combination of managerial roles, describes their strengths and weaknesses and gives us recommendations for their effective using in various organizational forms and types.
The article is devoted to the examination on the basis of the problem approach of Gorgias teachings about nonexist-ence. It is proved that, as Gorgias states inherently, nonexistence does not exist, because it is impossible to think of, and that Gorgias understands nonexistence as something conceivable. A proposed supposition is that this contradiction stipu-lated further development of the notions of nonexistence in ancient philosophy.
We present the results of a comparative study on the role of television in the political attitudes of the population. The sociolog- ical study «Russian Television in the Modern World» was carried out in the Nizhny Novgorod region and in the Moscow region. The information was collected from the end of October to the end of December 2014. The random sample included 1142 persons. The respondents were predominantly young people (77%). The control group included persons of mature and pre-retirement age (23%). The survey covered two groups of viewers: those involved in politics and those indifferent to it. Their socio-political cha- racteristics and sources of their views, as well as the difference in the attitude to television in general were studied. The group of indifferent persons did not show a strict lack of interest in politics, people in this group were largely undecided about their position. A high interest in politics among the population as a whole was revealed, and some data contradicted to those of the VTsIOM polls. The involved viewers were slightly more loyal to television in general, they were more restrained in their assessments, unlike the sample and the indifferent viewers who criticized modern TV and wanted more entertainment content. The involved viewers were more likely to prefer educational content on TV. We show the differences between the groups relative to their preferred news sources and the unpopularity of television as the main source of information, as well as the difference in the assessment of the ac- tivities of Russian and foreign political figures.
The paper first looks at the history and factors of the market of paid services to families in the modern world. The format of the modern family and its changing demand for paid services are being examined. Further, commercial services that are in demand with Russian parents are singled out and characterized. Three types of services are presented: household, childcare and childrearing. The analysis of the services is made on the basis of their content, components, predispositions and mechanisms of their consumption and promotion on the market. To conclude an attempt is made to identify basic principles and possible development of paid family services market functioning.
The paper questions the concept of “ubiquitous city” as a way to describe changing urban environment in a situation of increased Internet access and time spent online. The author suggests the term "digital porosity" to grasp the non-uniformity, limitations and gaps of digital connectivity (technological, material, spatial, social, etc.). Based on the research of internet connectedness and practices of Internet use in the subways of Moscow and St. Petersburg, the paper states that the extension of the Internet zone and the inclusion of new urban spaces do not automatically increase the connectivity of the city, since the latter depends not only on the availability or the quality of internet communication, but also on the intentions and skills of the internet users and their ideas about the comfort and the possibility of internet connection, the role of subway ride in the broader planning horizons.
The article considers the sociological explanation of moral panics constructing technology on basis of the genesis of this phenomenon. The notion of moral panics is considered on the basis of two constituents – moral and panics – which are traditionally studied within the social sciences (from the perspective of ethic, psychological and sociological approaches). In the course of the theoretical research it is defined that moral panics constructing technology is the emotive-moralistic discourse and as a result of its use the moral pseudo-appeal to values and norms made by the mass media mobilizes the sense of danger and fear for the future on the part of a person. It is concluded that such strategies of media controllers have the material nature. Appealing to the society to protect its scope and revealing the so-called “breakers” of the certain norms and rules, the media performs the role of a go between, defending the interests of the direct buyers of moral panics.