On the basis of the results of sociological surveys of parents enrolled in programs of additional education provided detailed characteristics of leisure activities of children and retrospective data on children's leisure parents them-selves. The text sets out the structure of free time students, the content of leisure studies, examined the use of infrastructure facilities, organizing children's leisure class.
The article analyzes dynamics of some indicators of the human capital of Russians in the context of changes in the relations between employees and employers. It is shown that the general vector of these changes is the shift of balance of power between them in favor of employers, which has led to non-compliance with the labor law against the background of fall of the real incomes of employees in the 2000-s. In these conditions, interest of employers in the human capital of employees should have led to the noticeable growth of its indicators. However, in reality it does not happen since the "premiums" on the quality of human capital are very low and have been falling since the second half of the 2000-s. Even situation with human capital of the groups that are more well off in this regard against the background of others (professionals and workers) is unfavorable. In spite of the fact that the number of people with higher education occupied in the Russian economy is more than 1.5 times higher than the number of the existing positions of the professionals, about a quarter occupying these positions have no higher education, and over a half work not in their main specialization nor in the adjacent one. The situation with human capital of workers does not look any better – they mostly have no professional training on a profile of their work activity, except for on-the–job training. All this means that the Russian employers in their majority are not interested in the growth of Human Capital of their employees. This contributes to the movement of the Russian economy along an extensive path of development as opposed to the technological breakthrough of the country and the growth of its competitiveness.
"XV CONGRESS of International Sociological association. Tentative results" features three contributions by Russian participants of the 2002 congress. N.E. Pokrovski dwells on the fate of modernization theory, declining social role of sociology, new posture of sociologists from Latin America, Asia and South Africa, as well as specifics of Russian sociologists' appearance at the event. V.P. Kultygin gives a generalized assessment of the academic event focusing on theoretical and methodological specifics of the congress as reflected in key accents made by prominent participants in respective reports (Martinelli, Domingues, Touraine, Archer e.a.). Conspicuous details of congress organization are mentioned as well. S.A. Kravchen-ko compares Brisbane congress to the previous one in Montreal summarizing his observations in ten positions ranging from sociological theory and methodology to the fact of widening geography of world sociological forums.
The paper is devoted to the position of women in science in the early soviet period, when several reforms were made to promote gender equality in this sphere. It was the first time in the country, women got an institutionally guaranteed opportunity to be professional researchers or teachers in universities. Empirically, the paper is based on archived data and uses the lists of female ‘research workers’ – residents of Moscow and Leningrad in the late 1920s – supplemented with the documentary materials on their social and demographic characteristics and positions in science and higher education. As a result of a statistical analysis of this information, the authors discuss the structure of the soviet female scientific (sub)community in the period critical for its development. Also they seek to determine whether the institutional changes have actually helped the inclusion of women in science, or just transformed ‘the stone walls’ into ‘the grass celling’.
Using the data of the purposive sampling (2008-2010 and 2013) undertaken by The Migration Research Center the author attempted to create a "portrait" (set of social, demographic and economic traits) of the female labor migrants from the CIS countries working as the domestic hired employees in Russia. The analysis showed that the domestic hired female labor migrants stand in a better position compared to other groups of the foreign migrants because they are provided with the place to live and higher wages or salaries. On the other hand, they stay under more difficult conditions characterized by informal labor position and domestic labor practices. Examining this population group we face a number of research topics: labor migration, female migration, individual migration, employment in the sphere of the services provision at home, especially its emotional and communicative aspects, informal employment.
The article deals with the choice of profession by female police officers. The analysis of data collected in 2016 during 4 semi-structured group interviews with a total number of 22 police officers in Volgogradskaya oblast helps us to assume that women come to the police service because of relatively high salaries, job stability, fringe benefits and the prestige of the profession. In contrast to previous works on this topic, we have identified the importance of family influence: the choice of police work often occurs as a continuation of the family dynasty of police or government officials. The results we have obtained can be used to increase the level of job satisfaction of female police officers as it depends on the factors of the choice of profession.
Based on an empirical study, the article considers management practices at the departments of higher education institutions in the context of the recent education policy reforms in Russia. It was found out that the “new managerialist” policy does not comply with the existing practices of regulation of academic work based on collegiality and informal redistribution of workload. The role of heads of departments in such circumstances becomes peculiar.