This article is a brief overview of the works on the basics of networks classification, with the main focus on social networks. Today presence of an event in social networks almost completely determines its fate and the fate of related ideas, products, people. But often they are studied on the basis of classifications developed for non-social networks, which do not take into account their “social” nature. We try to point to the main issues that should be mentioned when dealing with “social” phenomena.
The system of the public procurement is very strategically important for the whole Russian economy. Its share in the GDP is growing rapidly. It defines the necessity of the reforming of this system in order to increase its efficiency. The result of this restructuring and the organization of this public procurement system will affect the efficiency of the state investment projects. While undertaking the structural reforms of this system it’s necessary to take into account the following aspects: legal, political, economical and also economic-psychological which include such factors as organizational and psychological. The results of the authors’ survey show the importance and significance of taking into account the organizational and psychological factors for making the public procurement procedure more efficient.
The paper presents analysis of existing default probability estimation models. Their advantages and disadvantages for application to the Russian companies are considered. As a result of this analysis the new model of corporate default probability estimation is developed. The model is based on forecasting financial indicators. The model was tested on the US companies. The estimations on average have similar values as ones issued by rating agencies. The model should be in demand on the Russian market due to insufficient statistics on historical default frequency, impossibility of KMV-model application caused by low number of publicly traded companies among bond-issuers and absence of “Big-3” agencies ratings for majority of them.
Many industries of a modern economy display the interaction of private and public agents and volunteers. In this paper we discuss current attempts to explain the existence of nonprofit firms, phenomenon of altruism, comparative characteristics of economic behavior in all three sectors. The authors explore altruistic motives. They consider also a case of community transport in several countries. The research was carried out as provided by the HSE program of fundamental studies in 2013.
The article discusses the utility of automated revenue management systems, designed for the needs of civil aviation. The analysis of revenue management systems in Russian airlines and Russian carrier position in the international air transportation market are provided. The need to use the automated revenue management system to increase profits of the operator is identified. A strategy of selling tickets, taking into account overbooking as revenue management strategy, allowing both to increase employment of passenger seats and reduce the loss of the carrier from possible no-show passengers to register, is considered. Creation of the simulator to assess the effectiveness of the commercial activities of the airline is proposed.
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the functioning the Soviet Russia market concession in the 1920s as an example the concessions of the French entrepreneurs. To achieve this goal, the authors attempt to describe the concession institutional environment in the terms of its structure, members, agents, using as an example a concrete proposal from the French investor. The latter does not end with the singing of the agreement. In the second hart of the paper, the authors examined the foreign investor’s concession attractiveness.
A new (survey- and purpose-based) method for the operational time valuation is developed for the organizations and services whose activity is administrative, accounting-economic. A register of the accounting-economic functions, operations (activities), valuation units and survey methods is submitted. The result approach is developed for the operational time standards calculating in the public accounting bodies.