The article is devoted to analysis of the possible use of the polygraph in crime prevention and the necessary conditions. Considered law enforcement practice of conducting research using the polygraph. Attention is drawn to the methodological lack of use of a polygraph.
This article discusses the methodological basis of methods of legal interpretation. The author examines the existing approaches in the theory of lawto substantiate ways of interpreting the law and concluded that based on legal interpretation is to establish the will of the legislator, as well as linguistic analysis of legal texts in the light of historical and political conditions for the establishment and operation rules of law.
The article coves the issue of to put scientific use the category of prohibition of criminal law, attempt to formulate definition of this concept as independent integral legal phenomenon. On the basis of the analysis of matter this concepts the author is consider necessary to develop the theory of prohibition of criminal law in the context sociology of criminal law.
The article, based on the data of the Ministry of Justice, presents statistics of the current regulatory legal acts in modern Russia. The analysis of draft federal laws "On Regulatory Legal Acts in the Russian Federation", developed in different periods of time, was carried out. A critical analysis of a new model of legal regula-tion of the norm-setting process in the Republic of Kazakhstan was carried out. Positive and negative aspects of the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On legal
acts" were singled out. The author's model of the legal regulation of the norm-setting process is proposed, through the adoption of the Federal Law "On the sources (forms) of law in the Russian Federation, the Federal Law" On Regulatory Legal Acts in the Russian Federation "and specific normative legal acts.
In the article the analyses of legal regulation of relations arising in the process of a product recall, given recommendation on the improvement of legislation.
The accountability of governors as a form of the government control over subordinated authorities and, at the same time, special kind of the records management practice are investigated. Conceptual and structural features of a group of documents, a so called «General report on the situation in the province», have been revealed. It has been deduced that the civil service was not always coping with the task on furnishing reliable information, in so doing distorting the real concept of the development of the Empire in whole or any single province in part.
Based on a comprehensive analysis of regulations the features of record keeping practices development in the course of performance by public officials and authorities of their functions to process citizens appeals under “prikaz”, collegiate and ministerial system of government is discussed. The author emphasizes that the general framework of the document workflow in the above context has been developed as early as in the days of the “prikaz” system establishment, while the subsequent legislative initiatives were designed to improve the manner and means of complaints administration in Russia.
Principal duties and authorities of provincial governments represented. A special emphasis is placed on modes and procedures of decision making, as well as types of enforcement documents used thereto. Defects of the record management are identified as one of the causes of administration failures.
The article is devoted to the implementation of the legal positions of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation concerning the activities of the internal Affairs bodies. Statistical indicators of the appeals of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation received by the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia in 2017 – the first half of 2018 are considered. The most important Decisions of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation concerning activity of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia accepted for the specified period are analyzed. The author substantiates the proposal to improve the efficiency of legislative activity on the implementation of the decisions of the constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.
In view of providing access to criminal legislation the article analyses the general law rule "ignorance of law does not set free from liability for its violation" and on this basis offers some proposals on perfection of the criminal legislation and practice of its application regarding the crimes in the sphere of economic activities. The author offers arguments to make the practice of publishing of new laws, their promulgation, commenting and interpretation more perfect, introducing the system of legal enlightenment on the new basis including the system of legal training of the personnel of economic structures and exercising their criminal-law control using the potential of the proper law agencies.