The article focuses on the limits of using oral history methods in the research of academic communities. The authors analyze the language and ways of self-description used by modern Russian academic community. The study is based on the interviews of Post-Soviet university professors, which helps to clarify what is the concept of tradition for them, what is the origin of their individual memories, and how these memories correspond to the collective perceptions of the ideal university.
The article is a review on a new edition of the memories of the famos historian N.P. Anciferov "Fatherland of my soul. Memorials of travels to Italy".
The paper analyses two aspects of the legend of the pythagoreanism of King Numa Pompilius. The one aspect considers Numa as a disciple of Pythagoras of Samos, the other deals with the episode of the discovery of Numa's Books in 181 BC, and burnning them in accordance with the resolution of the Roman Senate. According to information received from Greek and Roman authors it is possible to fix the date of origin of this myth, to trace back the stages in its development and to point out different forms of its existence in the Republican Rome. The author stresses the decisive role of the pontiffs in making Numa the founder of Roman religious and legal institutions.
The article discusses the key images of eternal which are typical for early Greek thought: the time of gods, the temporal status of the laws of nature, and the memorialization of the glorious deeds of the past. Along with the philosophical fragments, poetic, historical, and dramatic works are analyzed. Here the problematics of temporality and eternity was articulated for the first time. Thus, the explication of inherent images of eternal is extremely important for an understanding of ancient Greeks’ worldview, and for the further development of the concept of eternity in philosophy, history of ideas and intellectual history.
The article examines the work of the Irish historian Geoffrey Keating (1570–1644) ‘Foras Feasa ar Éirinn’, which narrated about the history of ancient and medieval Ireland as a specific format of memory. The author introduces two terms borrowed from Aleide Assmann — ‘active memory’ and ‘archival memory’. On the basis of the analysis of the Keating’s narrative the author concludes that ‘Foras Feasa ar Éirinn’ had a potential of acting as both active and arachival memory. First and foremost, Keating’s work contributed to the formation of archival memory of Irish catholic consciousness and afterwards of Irish nationalism.
The article is a review of the monograph by a Western intellectual historian Rolf Petri, made in the genre of “reflections on the book”. The author not only retells Petri’s key theses on the history of "Western ideology", but also tries to conceptualize some ideas that have not been clarified because of the abundant quotations of primary sources.
The article deals with the epyllion De Raptu Helenaewritten by the Carthaginian poet Dracontius (5
th – early 6 th century) as an example of representation of political perceptionsin literary works in general and in works by this author in particular. Classical myth thathave appeared in the piece of fiction in a new, original version, is viewed as an allegory ofthe events, contemporary with Dracontius, a conflict between the Romans and the Van-dals. A view from such perspective gives an opportunity to re-estimate cardinally tradi-tional, widespread in academic research belief about the character system and configura-tion in this work.
Ladynin Ivan Andreevich
The Notion of Hellenism in Soviet and Post-Soviet Research: A Regular Stage or an Idiographic Contingency?
The definition of Hellenism by A. Ranovich as a stage in the evolution of the slave-owning society was backed, on one side, by the traditional perception of it as a stage since the introduction of this notion by J. Droysen, and, on the other side, by the recognition of the socio-economic determinism in the Soviet Marxist theory. Reluctant both to accept Ranovich’s arguments and to quit Marxist method, K. Zelyin declined the perception of Hellenism as a stage and defined it as an “idiographic”, historically specific phenomenon. According to the author of this article, Hellenism is a condition of the Hellenic world after Alexander’s conquests; Hellenism as such is not a stage in any process but a specific form of the recourse of the Greek polis from the situation of its regular crisis in the 4th century B.C.