The article deals with the Greek tradition about the movement of Amphilochus and Calhas with their companions across Anatolia to Cilicia and Syria after the fall of Troy which is traditionally regarded as a part of the story of Mopsos and his march to the East. The authors show that this tradition was originally independent from the legends of Mopsos, and that it has a historical parallel to Achaean component of the Sea peoples’ migration under Ramesses III. In the authors’ view, the legends about cooperation of the «Amphilochus – Calhas group» with the «Mopsos group» in Cilicia are also connected on the basis of their general motives (contrary to their fictional and contradictory details in Greek tradition) with the real interactions between various migrant groups of the 12th century BC in Cilicia.
The article deals with the mechanisms of adoption of monuments and urban street sculpture by a folkloric tradition: the appropriation of unofficial names, the appearance of humorous descriptions, the completion of the composition of monuments, and so on.
An article about children's Soviet poetry of the 1920s - 1930s
The Holiness movement, accentuating the importance for every true Christian of achieving the state of Christian perfection as well as of experiencing the so-called “entire sanctification” by the Holy Spirit during one’s lifetime, began spreading in Japan at the end of the XIX – beginning of the XX century. One of its most prominent leaders was Nakada Juji (1870–1939), who founded the Japanese Holiness Church in 1917. Main tenets of Nakada’s teaching included the belief in Biblical infallibility, justification by the death of Christ on the Cross, in the entire sanctification by the Holy Spirit and achievement of the state of holiness during one’s lifetime, curing all diseases by faith alone, and in the Second Coming of Christ. Along with ideas similar to those of other holiness movements in the world, Nakada propagated a number of specific concepts, including the idea of the unique historical and cultural mission of Japan and special spiritual and even genetic ties of the Japanese with the Jews. Nakada’s ideas exercised significant influence upon his contemporaries as well as on the future generations of holiness movements’ leaders and Pentecostalist groups in Japan.
The article discusses the principal stages of establishment of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA), reforming of Russia police of in the first half of the XIX century when the basic ways of area of activity of police authorities in provinces were determined. The goal of the research is reconstruction of the development and the state of the staff assistance of police of Kazan province basing on the analysis of regulatory and archival clerical documents in the first half of the XIX century.
The predominant Post-Soviet orientation of the Russian social consciousness on stability as a reaction to the twofold collapse of the country during the 20th century is now receding. In the past quarter of a century (after the collapse of USSR and the adoption of 1993 Russian Constitution) the goals of the transitional period have been fulfilled as officially reported, a new generation has come of age, and new dynamic social groups are beginning to associate their perspectives with social changes. This growing demand for change is mainly concerned with the social sphere, but could potentially touch the area of constitutional priorities as well. The general problem is as follows: how can the Russian Constitution and political order based on it answer this growing request to fulfill still unarticulated social expectations which, under certain preconditions, could provide a negative mood? On the other hand, how can social change influence society’s vision of the Constitution, as well as the attitudes of intellectuals, politicians, and officials? In what ways will the Constitution need to adapt for the forthcoming global and national social transformations, first of all in order to confront the question of power transition in 2024. In this article the author debates the following questions: the main contemporary challenges to Russian constitutionalism, the interdependent logic of Constitutional basic norms and political regime dynamics, the dysfunctions of the legal system and parameters of political reforms prospects for developing constitutional order in light of power-transition processes, and the possible answers of the political elite and professional community to the growing demand for social and constitutional change.
KoThis article explores the causes of growing interest in Korea and Korean literature in Russia and analyzes the perception of Korean literature in USSR-Russia at different stages of the relationships with the two Korean countries.
This article studies the history of cultural relationships between Korea and Russia since the Russia-Korea Treaty of 1884. Emphasis is placed on the developmental stages of contemporary literature and on the analysis of the growing popularity of Korean literature in Russia/USSR/Russian Federation: traditional and contemporary literature of North and South Korea, which split into two streams alongside the division of Korea into two ideological camps. Unlike traditional literature, contemporary literature of North Korea – aligned with the country’s ideology – did not appeal to readers. On the other hand, in the late 1980s – even before the USSR and South Korea established diplomatic relationships in 1990 – Russian readers learned about contemporary South Korean literature, and Korean culture started attracting attention in Russia. Translations of the best pieces of famous Korean writers have been published in Russia – thanks to the efforts of the government of South Korea aimed at disseminating Korean culture across the globe. The focal point of this article is South Korean contemporary literature, which has gained international acclaim over the past decade. The main achievement of South Korean literature is the novel “The Vegetarian” by Han Kang (born in 1970) that won the International Booker Award in 2016. After Han Kang’s international success, South Korean literature started piquing interest in Russia as well. Additionally, recent political environment on the Korean peninsula has also stimulated growing interest in the literature of North Korea.
This article deals with the first Russian translation of major prosimetric opera and prosaic exegetical texts originated from the so-called “school of Chartres”. A special attention is paid to the place of this edition in Russian and Western historiography of the 12th century philosophy and Medieval Latin exegesis. It has been shown that the way of selecting the texts for the translation and the method of commenting them carried out by the editors of the anthology make it possible to withdraw the Chartres school from the “no man’s land” between the history of ideas and traditional history of philosophy, restoring its appropriate status in the history of the European intellectual culture – at the intersection of theology, Platonic natural philosophy and poetry.
Japanese culture is famous for unique folklore, where monsters called yokai have become very popular. The visual appearance of many yokai occurred in the Edo period (1603-1868) and came to us thanks to the books printed by woodblock printing. The irrepressible imagination of Japanese artists of that time gave rise to amazing creatures, who continue to inspire filmmakers, animators and comic book authors to this day.
Max Weber’s lecture “Science as a vocation and a profession” sums up a hundred years history of the German “Humboldtian” university. From the reflections on the academic career in Germany of his time he passes to the feeling of “inner vocation” and to the science as Weltanschauung. As a sociologist of religion Weber retraces the genealogy of the university profes-sors: the worldly asceticism of the intellectuals has a source in the seculari-zation of the religion of salvation. Humboldtian University was protestant by its spirit, science was experienced as a religious vocation by Lutherans, combining the progressivism of Enlightenment with philosophical specula-tion in the manner of Fichte or Hegel. This University is now dead and the question of inner “vocation” is even a more pressing issue for the scientific community than in times of Weber. Further secularization and democrati-zation of the university eliminates the religious legitimization of the scien-tific research, rests the philosophical one: or Epicurean (“I love this job”), or Stoical (“do what you must”), or Platonic (contemplation of ideas, “the myth of the cave”). Now the choice of scientific research as a profession is a decision largely implying the experience of it as a vocation, since scien-tific activity is not associated with financial or social success.
In the summer of 2014 at the State Museum of Oriental Art in Moscow, a unique collection of silver marks of 999 fine silver was held. They dedicated to the holy places of Mecca, Saudi Arabia the main spiritual center and a place of pilgrimage for Muslims all over the world.
The originals of replica silver stamps were the usual stamps issued in 24 Islamic countries, among them Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Iraq, Cameroon, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and others.
The article deals with the issue of African American identity in the post-segregation period (after 1968). The problem of African Americans’ “double consciousness”, marked for the first time yet in the late 19th – early 20th century, still remains relevant. It is that descendants of slaves, who over the centuries have been relegated to the periphery of the American society, have been experiencing and in part are experiencing an internal conflict, caused by the presence of both American and African components in their identities. The authors focus on Afrocentrism (Afrocentricity) – a socio-cultural theory, proposed by Molefi Kete Asante in 1980 as a strategy to overcome this conflict and to construct a particular form of “African” collective identity of African Americans. This theory, based on the idea of Africa and all people of African descent’s centrality in world history and culture, was urged to completely decolonize and transform African Americans’ consciousness. The Afrocentrists proposed African Americans to re-Africanize their self-consciousness, turn to African cultural roots in order to get rid of a heritable inferiority complex formed by slavery and segregation. This article presents a brief outline of the history of Afrocentrism, its intellectual sources and essential structural elements, particularly Africology. The authors analyze the concepts of racial identity, “black consciousness” and “black unity” in the contexts of the Afrocentric theory and current social realities of the African American community. Special attention is paid to the methodology and practice of Afrocentric education. In Conclusion, the authors evaluate the role and prospects of Afrocentrism among African Americans in the context of general trends of their identities transformations.