This article addresses the question of philosophy and political program of contemporary Russian conservatism. The author analyses historical origins of this doctrine and the role of conservative romanticism in a framework of the current political process. From this position the author focuses on comparative analysis of Russian and West European forms of phenomenon under consideration.
The article is devoted to the problematic of crisis of the Russian Empire in the beginning of the XXth century: to the concept of crisis, its understanding in public thought and its historiographical comprehension. The approaches of the studying of this phenomena were stressed in the article, either the historiographical periods of its research. The authors have come to the conclusion that the nowadays concept of crisis is mythologized and politicized. Usually its understanding is antecedent and depends on the ideological preferences of the authors that prevents from the scientific studying of social and political processes in the Late Russian Empire.
The article analyzes ideological and institutional background of the program of economic reforms, formulated in the 1850s by a group of influential Russian economists. The author traces the impact of French financial institutes and ideas (especially the saint-simonian doctrine) on this program and its realization.The article analyzes ideological and institutional background of the program of economic reforms, formulated in the 1850s by a group of influential Russian economists. The author traces the impact of French financial institutes and ideas (especially the saint-simonian doctrine) on this program and its realization.
Legal practice in Muscovite local centers before the Law Code of 1649 has been poorly studied. This article uses comparative analysis to study two groups of sources about the legal process and law enforcement in Novgorod the Great in late 16th – early 17th century. The first source is a record book of deeds of Novgorod Court Office (1584-1605). It was created between two major crises that affected Muscovy during this period. The second group of sources encompassed account books of Novgorod Court fees, composed between 1611 and 1615. These books belonged to the lower level of justice, the City Court of Novgorod. The comparative analysis of these sources shows the complicated hierarchy of legal instances. During the Time of Troubles, the hierarchy became simpler. The courts were ruled by both coded and customary law: the existing codes (Sudebniks) did not cover all the diversity of legal cases.
The article considers the impact of the Russia's revolution of 1905-1907 on the elites' position in "peasant issue"
The article analyzes the reasons and peculiarities of the formation of the Moscow People’s Militia during the Great Patriotic War. The author argues that the decision to create People’s Militia was a spontaneous one. The immediate impetus for this came with the fall of Minsk on June 28, 1941, and the realization of the scale of the catastrophe of the Soviet Western Front. Another motive was the desire to create reliable military formations, formed mainly from politically proven and morally reliable workers and white collars. However, in the conditions of modern warfare, the formations of the Red Guard type soon showed their inefficiency and in September 1941 were included in the regular Red Army.