The most urgent issue in Russian public discourse is search for the best future and the way to achieve it. The authors present the results of a Russian expert survey carried out by the project «Domestic Political Agenda as a Unity Factor in Modern Russia». Experts' views on the desired future for Russia, the foundations of value consensus and the problems of building national unity are examined in the paper. The domestic political agenda was analyzed via triple scholarly optics: official (government), civil and public («people's») agendas, i.e. public request for power. The government and public agendas are the most inharmonious and they need more civil alternatives suggested. The authors note weakness of converting the three forms into each other and the primacy of a foreign policy course, viewing this as a threat to Russia's unity. All experts showed extraordinary unity in the assertion that there is no consolidated agenda in modern Russia.
The paper provides an oveerview of approaches to identity and analyses consequences of transfer of identity notion from socio-psychological and socio-cultural sphere into practical politics. Boundaries for interdisciplinary research of indetity are defined. Author concludes that indentity issues acquire in contemporary academic discourse and interdisciplinary character. Explanatory and discourse potential of the category makes students apply it to different areas of social reality. However, methodological consistency of the framework “essentalism – constructivism” and “individual – collective indentity” as a basis for interpreting research subject are still essential to formation of identity theory.
The problematization of youth citizenship from the perspective of participation in traditional institutionalized politics not only questions the relevance of the dominant theoretical and methodological grounds for studying citizenship in modern conditions, but also calls for a new look at youth as a generation, including their parents. The article is devoted to the analysis of ideas about citizenship in the generational perspective. Based on the concepts of everyday citizenship developed in youth research and a qualitative methodology, the work explores the meanings and interpretations of citizenship as part of personal experience by young adults (18-26 years) and their parents in St.Petersburg. The ideal-typical ideas about citizenship and the reflection on one’s own citizenship are consistently discussed. The analysis of empirical material shows that young people have formed and share a relatively conventional model of citizenship as active involvement in social changes in everyday space. For the parent generation, citizenship is predominantly defined in moral and ethical categories and is manifested through responsible labor activity. At the same time, the more active and socially oriented position of youth leads to a change in intergenerational interaction: not only older generation transmit their values and experience to the younger, but also vice versa.