This project focuses on the main aspects of Russia-Belarus social communications having to do with the immediately-neighboring zones: the zones of trans-border municipal districts. It focuses on social-cultural communications because it is not possible to touch on all aspects of the communication process in one article, therefore this project places the accent on one of these aspects. In particular, the author draws the conclusion that over the past few years, an effect of spatial compression of trans- border social communication has been observed in the Russia-Belarus trans-border zones. The intersection of these borders on both sides has localized in several large channels that run alongside main automobile or railroad lines. The trans-border territory divides into two types of areas: contact and border-zone barriers.
The article discusses the approaches to regulation of greenhouse gas emissions in Russia, aiming at the UNFCCC goal of preventing dangerous interference of human activities on the global climatic system.
The analysis of the possibility of transmission of leukemia viruses from cattle to humans and from humans to cattle was made for the first time. A set of algorithms has been developed to detect in in silico the ability to inter-species transfer of leukemia viruses.
пространственная структура РНК, мультиплет, стем, псевдоузел, линк, граф
The article considers the issues of prognosticating end providing fire safety of one of the most important natural resources – peat-bog ecosystems – and the task of fire prognostication, treated on the basis of systems analysis. The analysis of thermo-chemical processes of peat surface combustion involving generation of combustible gases was made, which makes it possible to explore the mechanism of spontaneous combustion of deep-deposited peat, accompanied by spontaneous course of catalyzed exothermic oxidizing chemical reactions.
The input of our scheme includes the results of several operative hydrodynamic weather forecasting schemes with lead-time 3-5 days. It uses also the archives of these forecasts and the measurements in ~2200 cities of Russia, Belarus, and republics of Central Asia.
The output of our scheme: forecast wind velocity (including possible wind gusts) for lead-times up to 3 days. The results of our operative scheme are demonstrated on the site of the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia at 8.30 am and pm Moscow time. The list of input hydrodynamic schemes may be varied. The exactness of the submitted scheme is preferable with respect to input hydrodynamic schemes. The evaluations of the various schemes’ error for 2014-2016 y. are demonstrated.
The following input data were used by our scheme: the operative weather forecasts with lead-time 3-5 days from several best forecasting hydrodynamic models. Also our scheme uses the archives of these models’ forecasts and of the meteorological measurements in 2800 cities of Russia, East Europe, and Central Asia. The list of the original hydrodynamic schemes can vary. The output of our scheme includes the air temperature forecast for the standard observations moments with period 6 hours and extreme temperatures for lead times from 12 up 120 hours.
The results of the operative forecasting (about ~280 Russian and Belarusian cities and separately 58 localities of Central Asia) are representing on the site of Hydrometeorological Center of Russia every day at 8.30 (a.m. and p.m.) of the Moscow time. Besides temperature we represent on the site amount of precipitation, wind (including gusts), and dew-point temperature with lead-time from 12 up 72 hours with period 6 hours.
We estimate the errors of the complex forecast of the temperature and of the dew-point temperature in the standard moments as well as extreme temperature with various lead-times during the period from June 2014 up to June 2017. Also we compare the accuracy of our operative version (it was improved during the period) with the accuracy of the last version of the forecasting. The accuracy of these forecasts for the standard moments is much better that the forecasts of the original hydrodynamic models. Also we compare the estimations for our forecasting extreme temperature with the similar results of the forecasting scheme “weather element computation” (WEC) and with forecasts of meteorologists of regional meteorological centers.
The work reveals the possibility of purification of recombinant nanoparticles from bacterial lysates without the use of ultracentrifugation
Importance Almost all countries have spatial heterogeneity of economic and social development of the regions, as well as demographic processes. The larger the area of the country, the differentiation is more, including the growing role of natural and geographical characteristics. A large number of regions in Russia complicate an individualized approach to address research and management tasks.
Objectives For solution of the problem at the same time taking into account the differences and similarities in regional development can be carried out typology of Russian regions, reveals homogeneous territorial entities according to certain parameters.
Methods For the typology in this paper was used hierarchical cluster analysis of Ward's methods. Using cluster analysis reveals the natural division of objects. With release a certain number of homogeneous clusters. For the selection of indicators, used during the clustering, was performed a correlation analysis and constructed two linear regression models.
Results Typological analysis identified seven clusters with homogeneous characteristics which have correlation with indicators of migration. And two clusters included only one region. For regions in the main zone of settlement, as the most important features identified socio-economic, ethnic and demographic characteristics. For the regions of the Asian part of the country importantly are natural conditions, population density and the share of employment in the extractive industries. Most of the clusters spend people (leaders of the reception are capital cities, as well as cluster of regions of Western Siberia), most clusters are characterized by a high proportion of non-migrants, particularly in the North Caucasus republics.
Conclusions Russia is characterized like strong regional disparities of economic and social development, as well as ongoing demographic processes. Specific features of individual groups of regions that need to be considered in the development of regional and federal programs and other activities related to the regulation of interregional migration.
The article considers the problem of proportionate growth of cities, development of transport infrastructure in Moscow and the preservation of the natural environment as the basis of ecological well-being.
The accuracy of the global Smith–Waterman alignments and Pareto-optimal alignments depending on the degree of sequence similarity (percent of coincidence, %id, and the number of remote fragments N Gap) has been examined. An algorithm for constructing a set of three to six alignments has been developed of which the accuracy of the best alignment exceeds on the average the accuracy of the best alignment that can be constructed using the Smith–Waterman algorithm. F or weakly homologous sequences (%id 15, NG ap 20), the increase in the accuracy is on the average about 8%, with the average accuracy of the global Smith–Waterman alignments being about 38% (the accuracy was estimated on model test sets).