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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 592
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Article
Ним Е. Г. Антропологический форум. 2018. № 38. С. 172-192.

The article addresses the understudied phenomenon of digital quantification of the body and everyday life, which has arisen due to the spreading of wearable and mobile fitness technologies. The author reviews a number of recent studies which have contributed significantly to the conceptualization of digital self-tracking. Examining various approaches and directions in the study of self-tracking the author focuses on three aspects: a) on the manifestations and discourses of self-tracking; b) on its styles and practices; and c) on its social contexts and effects. The works under review show how trackers of physical and social activities can transform people’s everyday practices and how users interact with fitness technologies, interpret quantified data and construct their own embodied identity. Importantly, the efficiency of self-tracking tools is associated with their “sociability” and “intelligence” — the qualities achieved through anthropomorphization of digital devices and creating a culture of sharing. It is also underscored that the practice of self-tracking goes beyond individual experience, actively invading other social worlds, and may eventually become an inherent feature of a “sensor society”. Summarizing the outcomes of current research, the author comes to a conclusion that further conceptualization of digital self-tracking must take into account its complex and multi-vector nature. On the one hand, self-tracking is productive, as it contributes to broadening the possibilities for self-knowledge and self-management, on the other hand, it can have disciplining, discriminating, coercive and alienating effects.

Added: Apr 12, 2018
Article
Сайгитов Р. Т., Чулок А. А. Вестник Российской академии медицинских наук. 2015. Т. 70. № 3. С. 286-299.

The paper presents results of a comprehensive analysis of the cardiovascular diseases (CVD) situation, both in the global and Russian contexts. It introduces original data illustrating the declining mortality rate from CVD, and the diminishing contribution of these diseases to overall mortality rate — globally and, to a larger extent, in developed countries. The paper also analyses the reasons for continuing CVD epidemic in Russia. Based on factual evidence, it argues that those include insufficient expenditures on treating CVD patients, and critically inadequate funding of prevention programmes. Unsatisfactory use of these funds to subsidise Russian regions (without taking into account their actual needs determined by the CVD mortality rate) only makes the problem worse. Through modelling, “average” efficiency of the Russian health care system in reducing CVD mortality was revealed. The paper describes various scenarios for future development of the Russian CVD situation. In the context of innovation-based scenario, the advantages of technological foresight are analysed; specifically, the authors summarise major S&T development trends in the health sector (using data of the Russian S&T Foresight 2030), which could significantly contribute to stopping the CVD epidemic in Russia.

Added: Jul 28, 2015
Article
Юмагузин В. В., Винник М. В. Вестник Башкирского университета. 2015. Т. 20. № 3. С. 896-902.

The article presents an analysis of the demographic losses from the main causes of death in Russia, in the Republic of Bashkortostan and in OECD countries. Based on analysis of the numbers of deaths and potential years of life lost (PYLL), there was shown the position of external factors in the structure of total mortality in these regions. Although the number of deaths from external causes in both sexes before age 70 was on the 2nd place in 1992-2012 and in all ages one became on the 3rd place since 2006, in terms of PYLL premature loss from these causes had become the biggest threat to public health at least since 1990. There were specified peculiarities of calculation of the PYLL according to the methodology of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The basic conditions of the reduction of mortality from external causes are considered: the formation of vital behaviors among the population, creating a safe environment, an increase in expenditure on health care. Because almost all of the external causes of death are preventable, preventive measures play a major role in the limiting of risk factors, so Russian health system approach should be aimed not only on treatment but first of all on prevention. In addition, there were shown the analytical capabilities of the Haddon Matrix in the classification of the main factors of risk of death from external causes on the example of the suicide.

Added: Nov 1, 2015
Article
Воронцов А. С., Михальский А.И. Вестник МГТУ МИРЭА. 2014. Т. 1. № 2. С. 141-146.
Added: Dec 19, 2014
Article
Решетко С. А., Багратиони К. А. Мир психологии. Научно-методический журнал. 2015. № 2(82). С. 278-286.

The article discusses the current state of psychological research problems of smoking. Consideration of this issue is conducted at three levels of study: macro-, micro-social and personal. The factors contributing to the smoking initiation are being discussed. Socio-psychological characteristics affecting the process of smoking initiation are considered in the article.

Added: Oct 21, 2014
Article
Колпакова О. И., Ерицян К. Ю. Петербургская социология сегодня. 2017. № 8. С. 137-149.
Added: Mar 6, 2018
Article
Степанова Е., Штиль А., Лавренов С. и др. Известия РАН. Серия химическая. 2010. № 12. С. 2203-2211.

Tris(1-alkylindol-3-yl)methanes were obtained and oxidized into tris(1-alkylindol-3-yl)methylium salts. The resulting salts are more toxic to cultured tumor cells than to non-tumor ones. The cytotoxicity of tris(1-alkylindol-3-yl)methylium salts depends on the length of the substituent at the N atom of the heterocycle, increasing from an N-unsubstituted derivative toward N-butyl- and N-pentyl derivatives. A further increase in the length of the N-alkyl substituent lowers the cytotoxicity. The cytotoxicity of tris(1-alkylindol-3-yl)methylium salts for tumor cells correlates with their antibacterial and antifungal activity. Tris(1-alkylindol-3-yl)methylium salts produced a cytocide effect on Gram-positive microorganisms and the most active compounds, on Gram-negative microorganisms as well. Similar patterns of the structure-activity relationship of N-alkylated tris(indol-3-yl)methylium derivatives, which was observed for various lines of tumor cells, bacteria, and fungi, suggest the general character of the mechanisms of the death of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells induced by these compounds.

Added: Jul 14, 2015
Article
Ревич Б. А., Харькова Т. Л., Кваша Е. А. и др. Проблемы прогнозирования. 2014. № 2. С. 127-135.
Added: Mar 21, 2014
Article
Бердышева Е. С. Экономическая социология. 2014. Т. 15. № 5. С. 9-44.

The act of purchase and sale cannot be realized without product quality evaluation and price reasonableness analysis. In this respect, the processes of definition, stabilization and institutionalization of categories, revealing the contents of goods become of key importance in the framework of contemporary markets. This article reconstructs categories which operationalize the content and quality of Moscow dental market health services and reveals the social order effective there. The article non only analyzes the content of commercial clinics marketing efforts directed at qualifications of their services, but the representation of the quality of the different participants in this market (doctors, managers of clinics and patients) as well. Special attention is given to the way the patients evaluate medical services quality while choosing a clinic. Based on the data of clinics’ websites and in-depth interviews with market participants it can be concluded that there is no quality criteria consensus on the studied market. According to respondents with different background the success of a dental treatment depends on the professionalism of the doctor. And the latter is perceived as the motivation towards professional activity highlighting rendering services to patients rather than skill and experience level. As far as doctors are concerned, the quality of dental services requires integrated approach to treatment contributing to general maintaining of a person’s health. However, patients often come to a clinic when dental problems cannot be longer ignored, and they want to solve them quickly, permanently and in line with modern ideas about how healthy teeth should look like. At the same time no matter how much effort the clinic invests into explanation of its competitive advantages, the customers prefer to trust someone from their reference group who had already experienced the quality of dental services with their body and wallet. Although, the investments clinics make into the qualification of quality in the market are not in vain. The patients use their market discourse cognitive categories both when asking details about the clinic from friends and if doubting the reasonableness of the price paid for the treatment. Thus, the dental market conventional lexicon is defined by parameters that comprise dental services and constitute their quality.

Added: Mar 2, 2015
Article
Чащин В. П., Ковшов А., Гудков А. Б. и др. Экология человека. 2016. № 6. С. 3-8.
Added: Oct 17, 2016
Article
Засимова Л. С., Коссова Е. В., Рязанова М. Д. Прикладная эконометрика. 2014. № 34(2). С. 95-119.

The paper discusses factors that have impact on individual attitudes towards bans on smoking in a number of public places — hospitals, universities, work sites, sports facilities, cafes and restaurants, bars and clubs. Using data from national public opinion survey conducted in 2011 by Levada Center for HSE we show that support of smoking bans varies across types of public places and depends on different social and economic characteristics of individuals. Smoking is an important but not the only determining factor.

Added: Aug 5, 2014
Article
Мухин К. Ю., Пылаева О. А., Бородин Р. А. и др. Русский журнал детской неврологии. 2015. Т. X. № 1. С. 4-15.

Research on comparative efficаcy and tolerability of monotherapy with Depakine chronosphere, drugs of Carbamazepine group with ex- tended release and oxcarbazepine in symptomatic and cryptogenic focal epilepsy has been conducted at Svt. Luka’s Institute of Child Neurol- ogy and Epilepsy (ICNE) (Moscow). This retrospective study covers a random sample of patients treated in ICNE in the period from Decem- ber 1, 2013 to September 1, 2014. The study included 131 patients aged 1 to 18 years with symptomatic and cryptogenic focal epilepsy receiving treatment with one of the study drugs in monotherapy: group 1 - monotherapy with Depakine chronosphere (n = 56); group 2 - monotherapy with drugs of carbamazepine group with extended release (n = 55); group 3 - monotherapy with oxcarbazepine (trileptal) (n = 20).The obtained results allow us to conclude that the effectiveness of Depakin chronosphere, carbamazepine with extended release and oxcar- bazepine in monotherapy of symptomatic and cryptogenic focal epilepsy was comparable (statistically significant differences in efficacy were not found). However, carbamazepine was awarded the highest frequency of seizures aggravation.Drugs showed approximately same tolerability (statistically significant differences in tolerability were not found). However, withdrawal of the drug due to side effects was the rarest in Depakine (3.5 %), and withdrawal due to intolerance was higher in carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine (5 and 10 % respectively).Depakinum and oxcarbazepine had the best results in the blocking of pathological activity on the electroencephalogram, whereas carbam- azepine was clearly inferior to them. In this regard, complete clinical-electroencephalographic remission (lasting 12 months or more) was achieved under treatment of Depakine chromosphere in 21.5 % of cases, oxcarbazepine - 20 %, and carbamazepine - only 11 %. Holding on therapy for 12 months was similar in all study drugs.Considering that the objective of epilepsy treatment is to achieve complete control over seizures, or at least substantially reduce and weaken them in the absence of significant side effects that disturb the patient’s quality of life, it can be concluded that the best treatment results were obtained in group of depakine chronosphere therapy.

Added: Oct 14, 2016
Article
Юдина Н., Карачунский А., Румянцева Ю. и др. Вопросы гематологии, онкологии и иммунопатологии в педиатрии. 2015. Т. 14. № 1. С. 16-25.
This paper presents the results of randomized study of the efficacy of two glucocorticosteroids (GCS) in induction therapy of children and adolescents with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A total of 1064 primary patients with ALL, aged 1–18 years, were registered from 18.04.2002 to 15.11.2006 in Russia and Belarus Republic. Randomization was carried out before induction therapy. The patients received the dexamethasone (Dexa; 6 mg/m2) “sleeve” of ALL-MB 2002 protocol (n = 539) or the methylprednisolone (MePred; 60 mg/m2) “sleeve” of the protocol (n = 525). The survival rates virtually did not differ: 10-year event-free survival (EFS) was 73 ± 2% in the Dexa group vs. 70 ± 2% in MePred group, p = 0.260; 10-year overall survival (OS) was 79 ± 2 and 77 ± 2%, respectively; p = 0.232; the incidence of relapses after ALL induction therapy by different GCS virtually did not differ. The incidence of isolated central nervous system relapses (1.7% in patients receiving Dexa and 3% in patients treated by MePred; p = 0.138) and of combined relapses with central nervous system involvement differed just negligibly (3.2% in Dexa group and 3.4% in MePred group; p = 0.937). The induction mortality was also similar (3.2% in Dexa group and 3.8% in MePred group; p = 0.677). Retrospective comparison in different age groups showed predominant efficacy of Dexa in children under 14 years of age. This fact deserves further research in prospective randomized multicenter studies.
Added: Oct 18, 2016
Article
Назарова В. В., Леонтьев О. В., Черный В. С. Главный врач: Хозяйство и право. 2015. № 1. С. 18-23.

Income from payment of insurance premiums for compulsory health insurance and shortages on contributions, tax payments and the added penalty fee and penalties, means of the federal budget transferred to the budget of Federal fund regarding compensation of the dropping-out income in connection with establishment of the lowered tariffs of insurance premiums for compulsory health insurance, means of budgets of subjects of the Russian Federation, the income from placement of temporarily available funds, other sources provided by the legislation of the Russian Federation on a plan of authors of the Law has to cover costs of delivery of health care in system of compulsory health insurance. Medical insurance companies have to control quality, volume and validity of medical care, to represent interests of the insured. Medical institutions have to be interested in providing the qualitative help in sufficient volume and carrying out preventive actions.

Added: Feb 24, 2016
Article
Власов В. В. Здравоохранение. 2013. № 3. С. 76-83.

The develoopment of the technical regulation in the Russian medicine in the end 20 ссутегкн and in 21 century was called 'standardization' and included the range of aspects regulated by federal documents, regulating health care and the financing.

Added: Mar 16, 2014
Article
Власов В. В. Здравоохранение. 2013. № 4. С. 70-76.

The develoopment of the technical regulation in the Russian medicine in the end 20 ссутегкн and in 21 century was called 'standardization' and included the range of aspects regulated by federal documents, regulating health care and the financing.

Added: Mar 16, 2014
Article
Иванов М. В. Украинский научно-медицинский молодежный журнал. 2011. № S3. С. 29-30.

Spatial notions among the 4-7 years children with normal and dysontogenetic schizotypical diathesis research results are analyzed in the article. Present research gives an opportunity to diagnose cognitive sphere distortions on the early stages of the psychic pathology (latent forms, risk state).

Added: Nov 5, 2013
Article
Гришунина Ю.Б., Контаров Н., Архарова Г. и др. Эпидемиология и вакцинопрофилактика. 2015. Т. 14. № 5(84). С. 13-21.

A calculation method and a variation method of parameters of the epidemic situation model taking into account external risks is proposed. The detailed step-by-step algorithm available in the application EXCEL for the calculation and analysis of the model parameters based on the results of observations is given. The prognosis of the epidemic situation with the estimation of the disease outbreak duration and the total number of population members involved in the outbreak is constructed. We investigated the epidemic situation by an example of reports of a diseases group acute viral respiratory infections-flu in one of the districts of the Moscow region.

Added: Nov 9, 2015