The mortality rate from external causes in general and individual causes within this class in Russia is two times higher than similar levels in the developed countries. However, a number of researchers who deal with medical certification of the death, have written about the underestimation of mortality from external causes such as homicides, suicides, alcohol poisonings, etc. and translating them into latent form. In this regard, on the topic of external reasons, an interview was held with leading experts in the field of demography, statistics and medicine. On the basis of studying experts' opinion article describes issues of quantitative and qualitative statistical registration of mortality from external causes in Russia. According to experts, statistics on external causes must be published on detailed codes of the ICD-10. So, despite the fact that overall levels of mortality from external causes and their types are seen on the basis of the Mortality Tabulation List of ICD-10, but it is often insufficient for a deep and detailed analysis of the mortality. The experts also opined on the reasons for the growth of injuries with undetermined intent, and ways to reduce mortality from these causes, among which the main are changing in the requirements for filling and modification of procedure for issuance of death certificates; legislative securing the position that a beginning of the investigation should serve as a statement, a message about the crime, and not a rule of procedure on the criminal case; cardinal improvement of the system of forensic examination.
Methodological premises for the problem of spatial notions within the normal and disturbed development are considered in the article. Spatial notions’ role as a basis component of the human cognitive activity.
Russian professional associations have passed all the stages of institutionalization and stopped at the stage of establishing of legitimate self-regulation system. Professional associations aimed to unite professionals and manage them were created at different periods. There is a set of restrictions for the cooperation of professional associations and professionals, including an association’s leaders competition and professionals disagreement to join an organization that will manage all the associations and all professionals. The research is based on an analysis of interviews with the leaders of professional associations, and content analysis of information resources professional organizations
On the basis of introduced definition and description of concept of “psychotechnical system” the Client-Centered psychotherapy(CCT) is reviewed and analyzed. Personal characteristics of a CCT specialist, goals, conceptual system and system of practice of CCT, system of interaction between client and psychotherapist are described. It is shown, that this psychotechical view is useful for understanding of process and results of ССT and potentially may be used for analysis of any psychotherapeutic and educational approach.
In this paper, the author attempt to assess foreign and Russian experience of mHealth innovative technologies usage for patients’ diagnosis and counseling as well as disease preventions. Author identified doctors’ attitudes towards prospects of mHealth usage in their practice.
The article aims to present experimental protocol for investigation of visual cognitive function in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders. Description of experimental design is introduced by theoretical review of visual attention, perception and visual-motor control development in children with idiopathic autism and those with Fragile X mental retardation syndrome. Research method presented in the article is based on recent studies of visual cognitive function development under normal and pathological condition. The protocol includes three experimental paradigms: “antisaccade test”, “big/ figures”, and “photos test” performed by making use of eye tracking recording. This work was supported by grant RFBR 14-06-31284
The paper uses data from two national household surveys conducted in 2011 and 2014 by Levado Center and compares changes in levels of out-of-pocket drug expenditures in different social groups. The study demonstrates that reinforcement of price regulation policy was not accompanied by improvement in drug availability. After economic crisis individuals with low incomes were less likely to buy pharmaceuticals; disabled decreased their average monthly spending on medicine. For majority of respondents the share of drug expenditures as percent of their per capita income has increased.
The paper uses econometric tools (two-part model, Tobit model, Heckman model) to evaluate factors associated with consumer choice on the Russian pharmaceutical market. Using data from national public opinion survey conducted in 2014 by Levada Center we show that gender, health, retirement and single mother’s status are strongly associated with high expenditures on medicine. Incomes are positively associated with probability of spending on medicine, but marginal effect of incomes is small.