This article deals with the problems of implementing major investment projects of the transport and logistics centers (TLC) and other objects of the logistics infrastructure with the use of the mechanism of public-private partnership (PPP). It examines the international experience, possible forms and models of PPP, requirements for the parameters and conditions of entry of private capital in the project for TLC, the basic duties and rights of participants of PPP. Much attention is paid to the risks inherent in the construction of logistics centers, the problems of limi-tation and distribution among partners, to achieve maximum synergy from the creation of TLC.
The article analyzes the business models of combined transport, used in the transport service of continental (not including a sea) supply chains. Described are the common characteristics of business models as well as fundamental differences specific to the transport systems of the North America and Europe. Based on a comparison of structural and functional analysis the article reveales the most significant parameters of the business models of both types, as well as the conditions under which they can be sustainable. Examples of business models implementation in the North American and European practices are given and the mechanisms the final logistic product within different models are revealed.
The main idea of the research is the development of a strategy of production costs management at the enterprise. This article contains information that characterizes the process of organization of management accounting. The author proposes a number of measures to improve the management of production costs in the enterprise.
The problem of development Russia automotive industry on base strategies of industries partnership is considered.
In the past decades Foresight has been significantly developed as a tool for long-term forecasting in the field of power generation and energy efficiency. Such research aims at investigation of the most promising innovation strategies in this area, identifying various (including alternative) ways to achieve technological and market goals with the participation of best qualified experts. Such Foresight method as Roadmapping is widespread in the world practice. It helps to shape complex and interrelated views on prospects of innovation development in specific areas of energy efficiency, it links R&D programmes with creation of technologies and products, as well as their subsequent commercialization. The paper provides an overview of the world Foresight experience aimed at creating vision of the future and building innovation strategies related to energy efficiency. Special attention is paid to the Russian research practice, in particular to different types of Foresight projects implemented by the specialists of State University - Higher School of Economics. The authors describe the results of main projects dedicated to shape the future of energy-efficient technologies and to develop of innovation strategies on their application.
The article describes the information environment that allows users to simulate the process of solidification. In this environment, the user can calculate the formation of temperature fields and moving the fronts of phases. The results can be presented in tables and graphs. The information environment is accessible and open to change. Possibilities of practical use of environment has been demonstrated in defining the conditions for obtaining castings with a microcrystalline structure.
The paper considers the problem of determining the rate of cooling of metal during solidification at the intersection of the liquidus temperature under intense heat sink from the surface. The solution to this problem it is necessary to determine the process conditions, the boundary and initial conditions for which it is possible to get new alloys with microcrystalline structures. The article contains the necessary finite-difference equations , we have described the algorithm of the model and using the known experimental data, the model was tested. Using the model, it was investigated the effect of the size of the casting and the heat transfer coefficient on the cooling rate of the aluminum-based alloy at the liquidus temperature.