Integration of Crimea and Sevastopol into Russian political space is analyzed, including changes in institutions and the managerial system, personnel replacements and new practices adoption.
The review presents a new trend in cognitive studies of the last decade – «cultural neuroscience», a research area developing at the interface of experimental psychology, neuroscience, cultural anthropology and genetics. Theoretical approaches and empirical data obtained within two lines of research are discussed: on the one hand, the study of structural and functional plasticity of the human brain in the course of mastering various cultural practices (literacy, professional skills, etc.), and on the other – investigations into the neural and genetic correlates of analytic vs. holistic styles of perception, attention, memory and categorization in so-called «individualistic» (Western) and «collectivist» (Eastern) cultures. Methodological problems arising from this research are outlined. The research and conclusions accumulated by cultural neuroscientists are compared with the basic assumptions of L.S. Vygotsky's cultural-historical psychology.
The problem of propagation of an electromagnetic wave in plane-stratified magnetoactive plasma is analyzed. A matrix algorithm of approximate solution of a set of wave equations is proposed. The algorithm consists in successive finding of the medium-inhomogeneity-induced corrections to the local roots of the dispersion relation and local polarization vectors. The set of field equations is reduced to a set of algebraic equations. The proposed algorithm is convenient for numerical calculations. In contrast to the classical geometrical- optics approximation, the proposed algorithm allows one to take into account the weak effect of linear mode interaction. Examples of numerical calculations of the power reflection coefficient of whistler waves incident on the ionosphere from above are presented. The proposed matrix algorithm can be useful to find the coefficients of reflection and linear transformation of waves in a smoothly inhomogeneous ionosphere.
The author in his paper «Between chance and necessity: apriori concept in evolutionary epistemology» has proposed a a new principle of classification of Konrad Lorenz’ evolutionary epistemology critique. The Lorenzian argument realistically explains correspondence between our biological apriori and external world by natural selection. Historically this argument was subjected to various forms of critique which the author proposes to classify as accentuating chance or necessity. The author assumed this classification to be quite natural because natural selection itself is frequently thought as a special synthesis of chance and necessity.
The paper provides an overview of studies dedicated to correlations between school teacher salaries and regional economics and to the local factors affecting the size of teacher salaries. The paper describes the basic teacher pay indicators in the regions: absolute salary, teacher pay level as compared to the average regional salary, ratio of salary to the average consumer bsket and to the per capita gross regional product. Based on the calculations performed using open databases of governmental authorities, a classification of regions by teacher pay levels was developed, providing seven clusters of regions. For each of the clusters, we have elaborated recommendations on teacher remuneration, identifying typical risks and challenges. These recommendations are designed to improve efficiency of activities that are part of the education policy by way of differentiating federal assistance. The conclusion is that, apart from the index of teacher pay level as compared to the average regional salary, which is the benchmark of governmental programs, one should also consider the ratios of salary to the average consumer basket and to the per capita gross regional product.
The morphometry of the beaver’s skull, found on the course of archaeological excavations in medieval layers of Novgorod the Great, is provided. The comparative analysis with ancient and modern autochthonous and reintroduced populations suggests the race of large beavers, once inhabiting Volkhov basin. Further studies are necessary to accept or discharge this hypothesis
The article discusses the potential role of Russia in global carbon markets, prospects and opportunities for national businesses in greenhouse gas emission reduction
A technique of determining the probabilistic parameters of the temperature dependencies of the impact toughness KSV and crack resistance K1c for pressure vessel steels. The technique utilizes a program that performs evaluation of the nonlinear regression parameters by the least squares method and tangent-hyperbolic approximation of the mean values of experimental data regarding which the distribution of data is close to the normal law. The program allows to calculate the parameters of th-approximation, the standard deviation, the width of the confidence band of the approximation, and the sample correlation coefficient.
The goal of the study is to assess the mechanisms of transformation of Moscow agglomeration under the inluence of residential housing construction at different spatial levels. Methodological basis of the study is the database on individual housing construction projects of Moscow agglomeration, formed by the authors, as well as the proposed typology of housing projects. Compared to traditional analysis at the municipal level, this technique takes into account spatial differentiation of the housing market. The typology of housing projects is carried out on three main parameters: the size class of projects, the location of the existing building, the cost of housing. Theoretically, the study is based on a concentric model of Moscow agglomeration with the binding of the boundaries of the zones to the actual barriers in the housing market, which helps identify six zones. The scientific novelty of the work consists in determining the ratio of intensive and extensive ways of agglomeration development not only at the macro level (in terms of the balance between the commissioning of housing within and outside the Moscow ring road and agglomeration belts), but also at the micro level (in terms of location of projects in relation to existing buildings). In 2015–2017, extensive development of Moscow agglomeration at the macro level (construction of the Moscow ring road) accounted for 80% of housing construction, at the micro level (construction of free territories) – 50%. The practical significance of the study consists in the fact that it allocates the zone between the Moscow ring road and the Moscow smaller ring, where 70% of the supply of the primary housing market of Moscow agglomeration is concentrated. The extensive way of development – predominance of large projects of low-cost housing on free land – turns this zone into the main “territory of entry” of migrants to Moscow agglomeration. By regulating the intensity of housing construction in this key area, it is possible to manage trends in the development of the national settlement system, and through it – trends in the development of regional economies.
Russian and foreign studies have established that people with a migration experience easier change their place of residence again, compared with those who never did not. The migrants divided into two main groups - new settlers and old residents, who have lived in the site of invasion for a long time and an intermediate group from newcomers to old-timers. The regions where the settlers adapt best are Moscow, St. Petersburg. In most regions of the Far East and Siberia (except Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrugs) large number of migrants compensated by the large number of who left.