The internet retail development entails a changes in supply chain structure, as well as the need for a complex logistics service to online retailers. The logistics providers can cope with these challenges and changes. The author justifies the expediency of this cooperation. The justification is based on several theses: the availability of a logistics provider infrastructure, the obtaining of additional services by internet retailers in the interaction with 3PL-provider, the transaction costs reducing of internet retailers, the scale economies in logistics service to online retailers, the current situation in the market of services etc.
Based on the analysis of references the author notes that insufficient attention is paid to the logistics service development for internet retailers. As a result, the author has developed a procedure of the logistics service system development for internet retailers and the requirements for its implementation by service provider. The special attention in this procedure in addition to the process requirements and logistics infrastructure formation is paid to the development of 3PL-provider services standard.
Most companies, including transport ones, represented on the Russian market of logistic services, use a system of employee motivation in their work. Its use is determined by the effectiveness of department employee's work, which positively affects a company's entire financial performance. The selection of the necessary KPI metrics (Key Performance Indicators), their economic feasibility, implementation, their application in the work of the company is a labor-intensive process. From a large number of different performance indicators, it is necessary to single out the main ones that affect the company's performance to the fullest extent. In this article, using an example of a transport and logistics company with its own fleet, we will consider the formation of a motivation system for company logisticians when a company's fleet is involved in cargo transportation.
The current situation in the world economy has a significant impact on the imbalance in the use of different types of natural resources. International energy supply chains are a crucial element of energy security, and their sustainability affects market conditions in most countries. The primary purpose of this article is to form the foundations of the theory and methodology of supply chain management of pipeline transport. Authors identified opportunities for the application of the method of the logistics to pipeline transport systems. By analyzing the features of pipeline transport in general, the authors propose the use of methods and models of logistics and supply chain management in the planning of the oil and gas transportation systems, taking into account the characteristics of flows while using this type of transport.
The most sophisticated supply chains that integrate activities of producers from different countries and sectors are created in transnational corporations. Paying a lot of attention to sustainable development principles implementation into business activities and supplier relationship, leading global corporations contribute considerably to the spread of sustainable business practices in developed and developing countries. Research into experience in establishing sustainable supply chains by companies that pursue multinational strategy and cooperate predominantly with local suppliers is of great importance.
The main goal of the research is to explore experience of the leading world food processor company Nestlé in establishing its sustainable supply chain. Within the article methodological underpinnings of creating sustainable supply chains are examined, specifics of establishing global supply chains are explored, influence of company’s international strategy on building relationships with suppliers is analyzed, Nestlé initiatives and practices in the field are thoroughly explored.
Adherence to sustainable development principles is an integral part of Nestlé activities: clear, mandatory for employees, suppliers and contactors standards and requirements are set for every step of production and supply processes. Conducting operations in foreign markets Nestlé doesn’t not only set requirements for local farmers and producers, but exercises extensive support, consults and motives its suppliers in safety and health issues, prudent use of resources, quality of products and other issues. While sourcing predominantly from local producers, Nestlé stimulates them to implement best practices, assess sustainability of their activities on the regular basis, become more responsible in every business operation. Nestlé efforts in establishing sustainable supply chain contributes greatly to the transition of global society to sustainable development and can serve as a guideline for big corporations and small and medium-sized enterprises of any country of origin.
To optimize the level of stocks of operating resources and the associated costs of procurement and maintenance, it becomes necessary to determine such differentiated indicators as the costs of performing for individual logistics functions and operations. The resources purchased by coal companies to ensure their production activities are quite diverse in terms of their absorption by various types of costs that differ in the way they are included in cost of goods sold and accounted. The results of accounting conducted by all enterprises of the coal industry do not meet the goals and objectives of optimizing costs associated with procurement and stocks of operating resources. To determine the contribution of each category of purchased resources to a company's total costs and to assess possible savings reserves it is necessary to redistribute the initial data by activity, functional units of a company or resource categories using indicators that are traditionally referred to as cost application base. The calculations are performed using various application bases for indirect costs, at which the ambiguous nature of the results obtained and their interpretation for making managerial decisions is shown. In addition, the ways of correlation-regression analysis apparatus usage were proposed for estimating the tightness of the connection between different categories of costs and for performing calculations for planning individual components of a company budget. Based on the calculations given in the article it is concluded that usage of the traditional indirect costs application bases can lead to significant distortions of the analysis results and to negative consequences for the business profitability. Therefore, when managing the costs of operating resources purchasing at coal companies, it is necessary to conduct a value engineering analysis of the cost of goods sold for individual stock items for logistical functions and operations.
The article deals with topical issues of digital transformation of air cargo transportation. It should help the air transport market to stop emerging threats and take advantage of new technologies for digital management of new business processes in a timely manner. The binder of the functional link between the forwarding network and an airline is a cargo terminal. The technological processes performed by the terminal and other subjects of the aviation supply chain are analyzed, their compliance with the existing legal field. The uniqueness of the functionality of the aviation cargo terminal in the Russian Federation is emphasized. It is concluded that it is possible to create a digital platform for cargo terminal to organize fundamentally new business processes for managing air cargo transportation using data in digital form. The result of the digital transformation should be the transformation of the international air cargo terminal into a «digital freight forwarder» – a «digital aggregator» of international air transport and related services. The article deals with a pilot project of a promising digital platform: transformation of the cargo terminal's work with Agency and subagent companies on the complex organization of international Express cargo shipments by air and combined (aviation-automobile) transport to individuals and legal entities.
The article deals with a number of problems that arise during the digital transformation of transport and logistics processes.
The study of the problems of forming new business processes for managing transport and logistics segments of the market in modern conditions of the digital economy is extremely relevant. The emergence of a new industry-digital logistics requires the creation and implementation of adequate organizational and methodological approaches, both on the part of the state and business. With obvious threats of loss of control, the potential for national digital logistics is huge.
Considering the processes of supply chain management from the point of view of transport forwarding, the author makes a conclusion about the need for an adequate response of domestic logistics to the rapidly changing forms of the market. Special attention is paid to the issues of digital transformation of the industry, the study of global and domestic experience in implementing digital economy technologies in real transport and logistics business processes. New technologies and mechanisms of digital transformation are global, they concern the whole world, all segments of the economy. Exploring the experience of creating new digital agendas that revise existing regulatory norms of old economic processes, the author suggests that there is no need to copy outdated standards. The idea of advanced localization of modern world trends in order to meet the new economic paradigm is formulated. The author concludes that insufficient attention is paid to creating the necessary innovative climate to support first of all advanced ideas, and not only implemented business projects. The article emphasizes that new management services for digital transformation can only be designed with integrated competencies.
The article is devoted to actual problems of digitalization in the network retail industry. The role of supply chain management (SCM) in network retail is shown, and attention is focused on key trends in SCM, many of which are associated with the digital transformation of supply chains. The best practices in the field of digitalization of supply chains of industrial and commercial enterprises are analyzed. In particular, the article considers the experience of digital transformations of large world corporations supply chains, such as HP and Nokia, as well as the analytical reports of the leading consultants in SCM companies Gartner, Deloitte and Accenture on digitalization of enterprises in various sectors of the economy.
Based on the analysis, key trends in retail digitalization were identified and methodological approaches to the transformation of a conventional chain retailer's supply chain into digital were identified. The main digital technologies used today in Russia by network retail operators are identified.
A methodological approach to the digital transformation of the supply chain of a network retailer based on process (SCOR) modeling is proposed. Using the example of the largest network retailers of the Russian Federation, Magnit, X5 Retail Group, and M. Video companies, a SCOR model of a typical supply chain of a retail chain enterprise is constructed, based on which a possible list of digital technologies, systems and devices corresponding to each process in determined models.
Currently, logistics, like other sectors of the economy, is undergoing intensive implementation of digital technologies. Smart and network technologies are an integral part of many companies' supply chains. One of these technologies is social networks which have become a powerful media tool that is actively used not only for personal information exchange, but also for commercial purposes by various companies, including logistics ones. Western researchers have long conducted studies on the use of popular social networks (Twitter, etc.) by logistic companies. This paper provides a brief collection of practices of using social networks by leading foreign logistic companies; in addition, it examines the use of the social network "Vkontakte", focued mainly on Russian-speaking users, in Russian logistics practice. For this purpose, the authors developed specialized software used to analyze more than 33,000 posts published since 2014 by various participants of the logistics market in terms of their level and specialization. The results showed that while major players in the Russian logistics market, such as JSC Russian Railways, TransContainer, and Transneft, use social networks primarily to create a favorable image of the company, smaller ones use them very actively to promote their services and recruit employees, mainly freight forwarders. In addition, the developed approach was applied to analyze the reflection of new trends in the transport industry using the example of the dynamics of joint mention of the topic of transport and the topic of a new coronavirus infection in news reports.
In recent years, the number of articles and studies about digital supply chain management (Digital SCM) has increased. It is associated with the development of digital technologies that transforms business processes in supply chains, and new area of economic activity - the digital economy.
The aim of this work is a comprehensive study and description of the main trends, characteristics, practices, benefits and future possibilities in the development of Digital supply chain management. The method of the paper is the theoretical analysis of the works on logistics and supply chain management as well as analytical articles and reviews on the use of digital technologies in the SCM and their impact on logistics processes and the effectiveness of the management of supply chains. To illustrate the effectiveness and future possibilities of applying Digital supply chain management, the study will also present practical examples of implementation and use of various digital technologies: Big Data, IoT (Internet of Things), Cloud services, etc.
The digital supply chain management meets modern trends of business development and information technology, which will allow companies to gain new competitive advantages (cost, service and order fulfillment time). The application of these solutions increases the level of cooperation and transparency (visibility) in the supply chain. It creates a base on which modern logistics technologies and strategies such as CPFR, S&OP, EDI, ECR, JIT, QR or VMI can be implemented and additional benefits for the effective management and development of supply chains can be created.
The problems of digital transformation of supply chains are considered. A framework for the digital transformation of the supply chain is proposed, which consists of four basic elements: digitalization of customer experience, digitalization of products and services, digitalization of operations / processes, digital transformation of the company / supply chain. The content (functional) structure of four frame blocks is defined and the main components (systems, technologies) that make up the digital content of the framework are described in detail.
A diagram (algorithm) of the supply chain digitalization process has been developed, which includes three main stages: awareness of the need for digitalization, digital vision and strategy, in fact, a digital chain transformation technique.
The process of digital transformation of the supply chain itself includes a number of design decisions related to the formation of a communication network structure (Multi Party Network), in particular using the Blockchain technology, an integrated supply chain planning system, the Digital Twin ecosystem, as well as a digital platform control and monitoring of events in the supply chain (Supply Chain Control Tower).
What is Sales and Operations Planning: attractive theory or real tool uaseful in Russian enviroment? The article says about S&OP implementation experience in one large FMCG company. The story starts with discovering reasons of company problems then investigate implementation issue and demonstrate S&OP benefits when it’s in use
The article is devoted to 10-year anniversary of the Department of Logistics and the International Centre for Training in the field of logistics (ILC) State University – Higher School of Economics (HSE). The history of the formation of logistics in Russia in the framework of three generations of state educational standards of higher professional education in logistics and supply chain management (SCM), and programs to the Executive Education implemented ILC. Show the main stages of formation of the Russian school of logistics and SCM in the HSE, as well as promising directions and trends of its development in the aspects of theoretical studies, international relations and scientific-applied activity.
Global consumer electronics market experienced considerable changes regarding the list of top-producers and configuration of their global supply chains over the past few decades. The main goal of the research is to analyze the evolution and identify up to date approaches to establishing global supply chains in consumer electronics industry. The research explores the supply chain models implemented by companies from different countries of origin: industrialized, newly industrialized and emerging economies. Companies of industrialized countries concentrated supply chain stages with the highest added value under own control transferring standardized operations to the emerging countries using ways of outsourcing and offshoring. Aggressive expansion of East-Asian producers did not allow some of them to maintain leadership. The model of South Korean companies consisted, on the one hand, in transferring own research centers to the industrialized countries, which allowed companies to enhance their technological edge, and on the other hand, in shifting standardized processes to countries with cheaper production. Chinese manufacturers chose the model of global supply chains establishing by means of mergers, acquisitions and entering into international strategic alliances. Nowadays, the leading consumer electronics producers switch to implementation of latest approaches to supply chain formation – reshoring, backshoring and nearshoring. It is recommended that companies pay close attention to the analysis of a possibility of full or partial onshoring strategy implementation, expediency of which is related to the formation of new world centers of consumer electronics consumption. The research results can form the basis for the development of supply chain management strategic decisions for the market players of the industry and its related market sectors as well as create a basis for elaborating the directions of state policies of concernedcountries in order to ensure their most effective participation in global value chains.
The search for effective ways of waste management is an urgent scientific and practical task that faces companies involved in various sectors of the economy. On the one hand, this is due to the need to comply with environmental legislation, which imposes requirements to reduce the negative burden on the environment in the implementation of its activities. On the other hand, the effective organization of the collection and transfer of waste for recycling can help reduce the costs of companies and create an additional source of income, which will increase the profitability of the business.
The article discusses the possible directions of work with waste generated because of the activities of domestic retail chain companies. The classification, which can be used for the purposes of the organization of separate collection of waste and their subsequent processing, is offered. The analysis of methods of the theory of logistics which modification will promote introduction of ecological principles in retail business is carried out. The results of the analysis of the domestic market of waste processing, their nomenclature, and specifics of treatment, and prices for disposal are presented. Calculations of possible revenues of retail chain companies from the transfer of waste to recycling based on industry averages.
The methodological principles set forth in the article are based on a systematic analysis of the relationships between the elements of logistics and environmental systems in the process of managing direct and return material flows. The methods of technical-economic and financial analysis, mathematical statistics and information processing were used to assess the economic efficiency of the solutions proposed in the article. Because of the calculations, it is shown that the organization and implementation of separate waste collection by retail chain enterprises can reduce the cost of removal and disposal of waste and have a positive impact on the environment.
The relevance of the development of improved economic and mathematical methods and integrated models of supply chains of geographically distributed industrial enterprises is due to the need to develop effective planning and management decisions at the stage of tactical planning of the considered enterprises.
The article defines the main problematic issues in the practice of tactical planning and as an example of their solution the project of tactical planning of the supply chain of industrial enterprises – coal holding with geographically distributed assets and a wide range of interchangeable products is analyzed.
Scientific survey is based on fundamental and applied developments of domestic and foreign scientists in the field of economic theory, management theory, logistics theory and supply chain management, methods of mathematical modeling, system analysis, operations research and expert evaluation methods.
The analyzed economic and mathematical approach to the tactical planning of the supply chain of geographically distributed industrial enterprises ensures rational management decision making and increases its consistency.
The negative impact of logistics and especially transport andits infrastructure on the environment is quite extensive and includescurrent international problem of greenhouse gas emissions into theatmosphere and corresponding climate change. According to sta-tistics 28% of emissions accounted for by transportation. Devel-opment and implementation of appropriate initiatives of reducingthe negative environmental impact of transportation takes place ondifferent levels. This is the result of the Kyoto Protocol, and now ofthe Paris agreement. Internationally, the system of both normative-legal and economic methods of state and market regulation is ac-tively applied and improved in order to stimulate the introductionof “green” technologies. The article analyzes the advantages anddisadvantages of the existing Russian and foreign methods andeconomic incentives for solving an environmental problems thatcaused by the development of transportation and logistics infra-structure. Article explores the tax policy of foreign countries in thefield of ecology; types and amounts of charges of basic environ-mental taxes. The “shadow prices” method is considered as a pos-sible methodological basis for calculating and subsequently intro-ducing an environmental tax for a specific pollutant. The articleproposes changes in the economic policy of the development of“green” logistics in Russia based on an analysis of the results of fi-nancial and tax instruments application in different countries. In par-ticular, it is shown that Russia can effectively use the experience ofGermany and other countries on the transport tax differentiation(depending on emissions and other environmental indicators), aswell as possible ways of improving current charges pollution and