The search for effective ways of waste management is an urgent scientific and practical task that faces companies involved in various sectors of the economy. On the one hand, this is due to the need to comply with environmental legislation, which imposes requirements to reduce the negative burden on the environment in the implementation of its activities. On the other hand, the effective organization of the collection and transfer of waste for recycling can help reduce the costs of companies and create an additional source of income, which will increase the profitability of the business.
The article discusses the possible directions of work with waste generated because of the activities of domestic retail chain companies. The classification, which can be used for the purposes of the organization of separate collection of waste and their subsequent processing, is offered. The analysis of methods of the theory of logistics which modification will promote introduction of ecological principles in retail business is carried out. The results of the analysis of the domestic market of waste processing, their nomenclature, and specifics of treatment, and prices for disposal are presented. Calculations of possible revenues of retail chain companies from the transfer of waste to recycling based on industry averages.
The methodological principles set forth in the article are based on a systematic analysis of the relationships between the elements of logistics and environmental systems in the process of managing direct and return material flows. The methods of technical-economic and financial analysis, mathematical statistics and information processing were used to assess the economic efficiency of the solutions proposed in the article. Because of the calculations, it is shown that the organization and implementation of separate waste collection by retail chain enterprises can reduce the cost of removal and disposal of waste and have a positive impact on the environment.
The relevance of the development of improved economic and mathematical methods and integrated models of supply chains of geographically distributed industrial enterprises is due to the need to develop effective planning and management decisions at the stage of tactical planning of the considered enterprises.
The article defines the main problematic issues in the practice of tactical planning and as an example of their solution the project of tactical planning of the supply chain of industrial enterprises – coal holding with geographically distributed assets and a wide range of interchangeable products is analyzed.
Scientific survey is based on fundamental and applied developments of domestic and foreign scientists in the field of economic theory, management theory, logistics theory and supply chain management, methods of mathematical modeling, system analysis, operations research and expert evaluation methods.
The analyzed economic and mathematical approach to the tactical planning of the supply chain of geographically distributed industrial enterprises ensures rational management decision making and increases its consistency.
The negative impact of logistics and especially transport andits infrastructure on the environment is quite extensive and includescurrent international problem of greenhouse gas emissions into theatmosphere and corresponding climate change. According to sta-tistics 28% of emissions accounted for by transportation. Devel-opment and implementation of appropriate initiatives of reducingthe negative environmental impact of transportation takes place ondifferent levels. This is the result of the Kyoto Protocol, and now ofthe Paris agreement. Internationally, the system of both normative-legal and economic methods of state and market regulation is ac-tively applied and improved in order to stimulate the introductionof “green” technologies. The article analyzes the advantages anddisadvantages of the existing Russian and foreign methods andeconomic incentives for solving an environmental problems thatcaused by the development of transportation and logistics infra-structure. Article explores the tax policy of foreign countries in thefield of ecology; types and amounts of charges of basic environ-mental taxes. The “shadow prices” method is considered as a pos-sible methodological basis for calculating and subsequently intro-ducing an environmental tax for a specific pollutant. The articleproposes changes in the economic policy of the development of“green” logistics in Russia based on an analysis of the results of fi-nancial and tax instruments application in different countries. In par-ticular, it is shown that Russia can effectively use the experience ofGermany and other countries on the transport tax differentiation(depending on emissions and other environmental indicators), aswell as possible ways of improving current charges pollution and
In format of transport service tasks applied to multinomenclature inventory management models under restrictions on the vehicle cargo / volume capacity the feasibility of such deliveries by several vehicles (for each delivery) with discounts on such deliveries costs is analyzed. The concept of time value of money and the storage costs payments format are taken into account in the research. The necessary and sufficient condition that sets the acceptable / threshold level of the discount in which the combined deliveries in the format of such multinomenclature models can be effective, in order to compete with the traditional solutions is proved.