The topic of demography in recent years excites a lot of discussion among politicians, economists and sociologists. These discussions are reflected in the media including on the Internet: the articles addresses issues of fertility and maternity capital, mortality and health, migration and the labor market. However in these articles it is possible to detect certain errors and inaccuracies which are associated with the use of demographic indicators and their interpretation. This article conducted a content analysis of the Russian Internet editions (mass media), contains the basic errors in these publications in terms of major demographic processes and categories, and the classification of those errors. We have found five types of errors and inaccuracies: the discrepancy of reality, stylistic inaccuracies, inaccuracies in the wording, errors and inaccuracies of interpretation of demographic processes, inaccuracies of use of indicators and terms. Although crude rates are mostly used in the media due to their plainness, for comparison between regions and for a time it is essential to use special demographic indicators such as age-standardized mortality rate, life expectancy, total fertility rate and other. The article would be useful not only to journalists and to the main newsmakers in the person of officials, but also to students who write essays and abstracts on the subject of demography, and to all of them who feel a lack of demographic knowledge.
Goal of study: to carry out an analysis of drinking water viral contamination dynamics in the Arkhangelsk region for development of proposals improving water supply of the population. In order to reveal markers of viral contamination in water, there have been carried out examinations of water samples by a laboratory in the Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Arkhangelsk Region from 2006 to 2014 with use of different methods. With use of the virological method and the method of enzyme immunoassay (EIA), there were examined 934 drinking water samples from the public drinking water supply system, and with use of the method of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) - 617 water samples. Presence of enteroviruses and their genetic material in drinking water samples was confirmed in the laboratory in 2008, 2010 and 2014. In what connection, the proportion of samples with positive research results for enteroviruses with use of the PCR method was in 2008 - 4.5 %, in 2010 - 7.4 %, in 2014 - 1.6 %. In the analysis with use of the virological method, a positive result was received in 2010 - there were isolated 3 strains of Coxsackie enteroviruses В5 (2.4 %) and in 2014 - there was isolated 1 strain of Coxsackie enteroviruses В3 (0.5 %). The results of the analysis of water samples carried out with use of the EIA method with the goal to reveal hepatitis А virus and rotaviruses antigens have shown annually registered facts of presence of markers of these causative agents in piped water. Thus in the mentioned years, the proportion of samples containing group-specific antigens of rotaviruses was 1.3 %, hepatitis A virus antigen - 0.5 %. Annually in water samples, there are detected DNA/RNA of the following microorganisms: Salmonella spp., rotaviruses of A group, Noroviruses of 2 genotype, astroviruses, adenoviruses of F group. In the structure of the detected DNA/RNA of the causative agents, there prevail rotaviruses of A group (57.4 %) and adenoviruses of F group (24.1 %). There have been proposed recommendations for solution of problems of water situation improvement for supply of good drinking water to the Arkhangelsk region population.
The paper discusses factors impacting new medical technologies adoption in private hospitals of Saint Petersburg. I use interviews with hospitals' owners and top managers to study decision-making process of new medical technologies adoption. I outline common problems, associated with managing the introduction of new medical technologies in private sector, including: administrative barriers, medical staff, old technical requirements, price competition with public hospitals and strategic drawbacks in private healthcare policy.
Medical workers are a special subject of labour law because of specific character and conditions of their activity that determine the necessity to utilize differentiated approach to making labour contracts with them.
In this paper computer modeling in Mimics, SolidWorks, Patran and Nastran systems for an assessment of results of dentition end defect treatment by a method of dental implantation is considered. Influence of temporary implants form on durability of a temporary construction is discussed at osteointegration of permanent implants and ways of mesh generation on the accuracy of carried-out calculations.
Problems of designing of the medical hardware-software complex functioning on the basis of non-invasive spectrophotometric methods for measuring the blood microcirculation parameters, as well as the complex hardware and software structures are considered. The particular attention is paid to the description of computer models used at the different stages of the complex development.
Experimental research of the spatial ideas in the context with schizophrenic spectrum disorders in various degree of intensity is presented in the article. In addition, predisposition to the latent psychic pathology of the different genesis (including endogenous) can be defined by means of the spatial ideas' peculiarities (they are in close connection with the perception and thought peculiarities) research.
The paper presents the findings of a study of socio-professional status and professionalization of Russian homeopaths. Homeopaths are considered as a professional group, which since the late 1980s follows the path of the institutionalization within Russian healthcare system, alongside with other methods of alternative medicine. Despite the official recognition of the homeopathic method and the development of the homeopathic market, homeopaths position in medical community remains ambiguous. As a methodological framework for the study of social and professional status of homoeopaths were used resource approach and the concepts developed in studies of occupational groups. We analyzed four types of resources - economic, powerful, cultural and social. In so doing, special attention was paid to the professional autonomy as an indicator of power resource group.
The present study is aimed at investigating brain activation patterns associated with languageprocessing in patients with fluent and non-fluent aphasia withdifferent localizations of cerebral lesions. Sixteen healthy subjects and eighteen patients with different forms of aphasia participated in this study. The study was conducted using functional MRimaging method. The data obtained in the study revealed normative patterns of neural activation during language processing and specifics of brain reorganization of languagefunction after focal brain damage in patients with fluent and non-fluent aphasia.
The mass diagnosis by tuberculin is considered in system of other measures of prophylaxis of tuberculosis and estimated regarding compliance to the principle of proportionality.
This paper proposes a new method for constructing dynamic composite indices that has two important properties, such as nonnegative weights and dynamic comparability. The method is applied to construct a composite index of population health, as an example. The current method of composite indices’ construction is compared to existing approaches, namely the principal component method and the technique suggested by D. Borzykh in 2016. In contrast to the latter, the new approach meets both requirements, i.e. dynamic comparability and nonnegativity of weights. Thus, it is shown that the method suggested in this paper has the best properties.