Through the example of the U Street block in Washington, D.C., the noted American urbanist shows that urban “contact zones” in which people disunited by racial, ethic, confessional and class conflicts are living side by side, serve as generators of new adaptive strategies. The inexhaustible source of viability and flexibility of these communities lies in the need for survival in the conditions of “deliberate social complexity”. It is precisely this experience that enables such communities effectively to adapt to the aftermaths of natural calamities and social conflicts.
In Russia, the question of development of transport infrastructure is the hot is-sue. It is not only a necessary requirement for innovation program of economic growth, created by the president, but also an improving the quality of life and competitiveness of national economy factor. Till now, no attempts were made to systemize and provide a clear and just classification of airports` infrastructure development. This study is to fulfill this gap. Such a classification of the world can be of great practical importance for all the evolving airports, wishing to reach the world level of innovations. The study attempted to identify the transitional moments in the development of airports from a simple airfield to a modern hub. It is anticipated that the results of this study will be applicable to most companies conscious of the problem; and therefore the recommendations of the study will be generic for the private investors, the government and all the stakeholders.
It is shown that with the development of logistics and SCM in the emergence of the ideol-ogy of advanced business organization is continuously increased the level of integration of logis-tics activities. In this case the integration in logistics and SCM developed gradually during the paradigm shift: from infrastructure integration across organizational to information. Analytical study of species and stages of development of logistics integration in supply chains is completed. The system connection of concepts of logistics integration and sustainability of supply chains are shown, and that to improve the stability and reliability of supply chains requires further integration. Analyzed in detail the concept of "sustainability of supply chains" in the terminology perspective. A system of metrics and KPI evaluation of stability of supply chains is suggested.
The questions of improving the management of transport enterprises. held comparative analysis of the implementation of fleet management systems in Russia and the countries of Western Europe and the U.S.
This article about the feasibility audit. There are peculiarities of organization of the feasibility audit for mining industry.
The issue of forecasting demand for liquid fuels has become particularly significant in recent years with technological development and much tougher inter fuel competition in the transport sector. In future, these developments could radically transform the oil, gas, and electricity markets. Therefore there is a greater need for improved forecasting methods that take into account the dynamics of market factors, primarily those related to the use of new technologies. We analyse the difficulties of forecasting demand for liquid fuels in conditions of uncertainty related to future technological developments in car transport. We classify the technologies driving demand for motor fuels by the nature of their impact on the demand for petroleum products: technologies aimed at improving the energy efficiency of traditional cars, as well as drivers of inter-fuel competition, both in terms of direct and indirect substitutes for petroleum products. To resolve the problem of limited input information, the methodology incorporates clustering instruments, which enable us to group countries according to certain criteria. The use of economic and mathematical tools with optimizing units enables us to make integrated calculations that model the market for liquid fuels and assess its interactions with the markets of other energy resources. Our proposed system for forecasting demand for liquid fuels, including petroleum products, can be used as an instrument to assess the future impact of technological innovation on the development of the oil industry when carrying out Foresight studies.
The questions of improving the management of maintenance vehicles. The analysis of the regulatory framework for the management of maintenance, and assesses its impact on road safety
The fuel aspect of the efficiency of the distributed cogeneration is considered taking into account the wide adoption of highly efficient combined-cycle technologies for centralized power generation and wide adoption of modern hot water boiler with high efficiency. The criterion of fuel-efficiency cogeneration units is derived. It is shown that improving the efficiency of power plants and district heating plants will decrease the effect of fuel economy from small CHP located in centralized generation zones. It is shown that cogeneration plants will always be effective from the point of view of fuel economy in decentralized generation zones, but with the increase in efficiency of gas turbines and gas and diesel engines the comparative effectiveness of cogeneration will decrease. The diagrams of dependence of fuel savings on efficiency of power plants in centralized and decentralized generation zones are shown. It is concluded that with the development of technologies of electricity and heat generation, both centralized and decentralized, the potential of fuel savings from cogeneration on small CHP will decrease, whereas the influence of economic, infrastructural and time factors will increase.
The article is a review of a book by S. V. Ustyantsev "Essays on the history of industrial culture".The review in particular deals with the problems of technology transfer and conversion.
The author shows that formation and management of knowledge base of companies and organizations’ personnel in the field of logistics and SCM is a determinative factor of successful application of modern concepts and technologies in these areas for realization of competitive potential of Russian enterprises. High requirements to logisticians and their level of professional knowledge of logistics and SCM, the skill to coordinate work of related services and to integrate logistical activity within the limits of a supply chain, determine the necessity of formation of multistage corporate structure of logisticians’ training and retraining. The
article considers and analyses the spectrum of basic training and retraining programs, and raising the level of logisticians’ skill, including programs and standards of vocational training and in the new specialty 080506 “Logistics and Supply Chain Management”. The article presents six-year experience of expanded training and retraining of certified logisticians in the frame of the whole spectrum of programs of the International Logistics Training Center of the State university – Higher School of Economics (ILTC – SU-HSE): the second higher education and for the specialty 080506 "Logistics and Supply Chain Management"; an exclusive international program of top-managers logistics training ("Executive Logistics Manager"); programs of raising the level of one’s skill and professional logistics retraining with a subsequent European certification on "Elog SO" and " Elog SE" levels.