For the quasi-gasdynamic system of equations, there holds the law of nondecreasing entropy. Difference methods based on this system have been successfully used in numerous applications and test gasdynamic computations. In theoretical terms, however, for standard spatial discretizations of this system, the nondecreasing entropy law does not hold exactly even in the one-dimensional case because of the mesh imbalance terms. For the quasi-gasdynamic equations, a new conservative spatial discretization is proposed for which the entropy balance equation has an appropriate form and the entropy production is guaranteed to be nonnegative (which also holds in the presence of body forces and heat sources). An important element of this discretization is that it makes use of nonstandard space-averaging techniques, including a nonlinear "logarithmic" averaging of the density and internal energy. The results hold on arbitrary nonuniform meshes
An exact computational method is proposed for the preferability comparison of various solution variants in multicriteria problems withimportanceordered criteria using a common scale along which the growth of preferences slows down.
Exact efficient numerical methods are proposed for solving bilinear optimization problems that arise when various solution variants are compared based on their preferability using an additive value function in the case of interval estimates of the degrees of superiority of certain criteria over others and in the case of interval restrictions on the growth of preferences along the criteria range.
A model is studied that describes the process of good transportation occurring in some technologies. Transportation regimes satisfying a given management system are examined. Such regimes are described by traveling-wave solutions to a nonlinear finite-difference analogue of a parabolic equation. Possible transportation regimes are described, and the stability of stationary regimes is analyzed.