In the article the category of religious identity is considered as a construct that describes, on the one hand, the form of reflections and experiences of reality, on the other - the mechanism of formation of the social group on the basis of religious affiliation. The implicit concept of the believer and the unbeliever is considered as a «bridge» between the two levels of conceptualization of religious identity. An empirical study of Russian students’ implicit concepts allowed to relate the content of notions about the believer/the unbeliever and self and to demonstrate the existence of a correlations between the propensity to believe in the supernatural and the content of implicit concepts of the believer and the unbeliever.
Modern technological development can lead to change both external world of human being and its internal world, subjectivity. The question «what is a human being?» is becoming now an extremely important issue. The authors suggest a hypothetical answer on this question relying on philosophical, psychological and psychotherapeutic traditions. Such psychological configurations (and processes) of human subjectivity as individual, personality, essence, Self, individuality, indivisibility (and personalization, personification, individualization, individuation) are considered systematically.
The article is devoted to the transformation of modern thinking becouse of development of the virtual space of life. Clip thinking is considered as phenomenon of 21st century’s «digital personality» which constitutes and formatted by media space. The paper is devoted to understanding of deficits and potentials of «clip thinking». Potential of symbolic thinking that generates a holistic, three-dimensional knowledge, relationship, impression and active reflection of personality is considered as alternative of «clip». Proved that symbolic thinking can expand and multiply the internal topology of individual life. An explorative experimental study of specifics of individual impressions during clip and non-clip presentation of symbolic images is presented. The research is based on the ideas about clip thinking of contemporary researchers, the model of meaningful perception and model of impression proposed by Starovoytenko and method «Symbolic Places» developed by Osipova. A new bipolar dimension of cognitive style, «clip — symbolic», is revealed. The prospective study of life abilities of «clip thinking» are outlined in the paper.
The article examines cultural preconditions for search and classification of the types within theoretical psychology of personality. Special features of the European culture of thinking, cultural conditions of the historic emergence of the personality types, usage of the cultural experience for development of the authors' personality typologies as well as cultural determination and orientation of the personal traits are among them. The model of cultural and psychological typification of the personality relations based on the above preconditions is offered.
The article traces the basic tendencies of the study concerns the work-life balance in the sociology and organizational psychology. A novel perspective for exploring the semantic and activity approach to work-life balance. Results are given of pilot empirical study using the graphical scaling to identify the differences between "real" and "ideal" value of work and personal life in the minds of respondents. Outlines the prospects for further research indicated theoretical positions.
The article presents the results of author’s reflection of long-term experience of teaching and studying of contemporary personology. Personology understood as a science which tends to achieve the synthesis of hermeneutics, theoretical and practical knowledge about personality. It proceeds in the specific forms of education, research and counseling. The teaching of contemporary personology presented as a creative process, which realizes in the dialogue "lecturer - student» and aimed to problematization of significant facts, ideas, theory and models in personological context. The process of learning of personological models which have synchronous references to culture, personality theories, practical psychology, self-expereience and self-development is accented. These models based on complicated scientific synthesis. They develop through method of interpretation, reconstruction, reflection, analysis of cases, etc. We believe that the method of film-case analysis plays a special role. In our paper we reflect the process of student’s dialogical learning of models of Topology of Life and Chronology of Life through "hermeneutics of personality» on the material of two famous films. We justify that learning of personological models through the film-cases contributes to conceptual promotion in studying of personality, posing of new theoretical problems, deepening and problematization of culture and psychological vision of personality's reality and projects of its practical transformation.
This article deals with reconstruction of representations of V. Frankl about the Person as a basis of an individualization and self$formation. Methodological bases of V. Frankl-understanding of the Person in philosophical anthropology of M. Sheler and psychological categories by means of which the process of actualization of humans personal origin is described are considered, and also is given the estimation of sights of V. Frankl from a point of view of a range of the problems solved by psychology of the personality.
личность, свобода, ценности, Совесть, смысл, person, freedom, Values, conscience, meaning
The article presents an empirical correlation study of the relationship between plant attachment and the content of the basic world assumptions of the person. The sample consisted of 299 respondents from Moscow universities (219 female, 79 male, Mage = 18.9 years, SDage = 1.8 years). The following questionnaires were used: People and Plants (five sub-scales - Joy, Aesthetics, Practice, Connectedness to Nature, and Ecology) and the World Assumptions Scale (in the Russian version, five sub-scales - Benevolence of World, Justice, Self-worth, Luck, and Control). Due to various statistical techniques, it was confirmed that all components of a positive attitude towards the world of flora (except for Practice) are significantly positively related to all basic assumptions (except for Self-worth). These connections are moderated by sex - they are more influential in females. The results provide an evidence for the use of different types of eco-therapy and can be used in solving applied problems of creating "green" environments. Restrictions of the research are set by the specifics of the sample (only students and only urban citizens) and methods (only standardized questionnaires).
The article is devoted to the grounds of a new trend in the personality psychology that researches some problems of an individual life, its space-time course, inner architectonics and personality reasons for its recreation and renovation. An integral, theoretical and methodological model called «personality of life» oriented to the practical hermeneutics of individual cases is given in this article.
The article introduces and reveals psychological content of the concept 'a woman's attitude towards her body' and it's specific forms - self-alienated attitudes. The popularity in modern society and personal consequences of self-alienation are analyzed. The author substantiates that a woman's self-alienated attitude towards her body is caused by the loss of the subjective value of her own body.
The author comparing such concepts as «intrinsive matrix» and «supra-situational activity» outlines a scope of phenomena related to a concept of «active non-adaptivity» determined as goal-setting motivated by unpredictability of its outcome. Among the phenomena there are tendency to risk and drive to reach forbidden boundary (these trends are not tools to attain to external targets but are disinterested. The boundary is interpreted as a special symbol inducing non-adaptive actions.