We study the peculiarities in current-phase relations (CPR) of the SIsFS junction in the region of 0 to p transition. These CPR consist of two independent branches corresponding to 0- and p-states of the contact. We have found that depending on the transparency of the SIs tunnel barrier, the decrease in the s-layer thickness leads to transformation of the CPR shape going in the two possible ways: either one of the branches exists only in discrete intervals of the phase difference u or both branches are sinusoidal but differ in the magnitude of their critical currents. We demonstrate that the difference can be as large as 10% under maintaining superconductivity in the s layer. An applicability of these phenomena for memory and logic application is discussed.
We have found experimentally that the rise time of voltage pulse in NbN superconducting single photon detectors increases nonlinearly with increasing the length of the detector L. The effect is connected with dependence of resistance of the detector Rn, which appears after photon absorption, on its kinetic inductance Lk and, hence, on the length of the detector. This conclusion is confirmed by our calculations in the framework of two temperature model.
Self-propagating thermal waves of the amorphous-crystalline transformation in Fe-based metallic glasses, obtained by melt spinning, were observed using a high-speed infrared camera and reported here. Some experimental results are also reported concerning oscillating waves in the CuTi glassy foils. The thermal characteristics and wave propagating velocities, as well as the microstructure and atomic structure transformations, were studied. A comparison of the results with exothermic reaction waves and explosive crystallization shows that the self-propagating waves in metallic glasses are slower and less violent than classical explosive crystallization in deposited films; thus, we suggest naming this phenomenon “soft explosive crystallization.” The experimental data were confirmed by molecular dynamics simulation of the crystallization phenomenon.
Magneto-fermionic condensate under study is a Bose-Einstein condensate of cyclotron spin-flip magnetoexcitons in a quantum Hall insulator. This condensate features unique properties such as millisecond range lifetime and hundreds of micrometers of propagation length. In this study, utilizing the photo-induced resonant reflection technique, we measured the exciton escape time. Finally, we estimated the exciton condensate propagation velocity as 25 m/s, which is much higher than a single particle propagation velocity. We also proposed a mechanism of exciton condensation.
We propose a superconducting spin-triplet valve of a new type. This spin valve consists of a bilayer that involves a superconductor and an itinerant magnetic material, with the magnet showing an intrinsic non-collinear magnetic order characterized by a wave vector Q that may be aligned in a few equivalent preferred directions under control of a weak external magnetic eld. Re-orienting the direction of Q allows one to controllably modify long-range spin-triplet superconducting correlations in the magnetic material, leading to spin-valve switching behavior. Our results indicate that the spin-valve effect may be noticeable. This new type of superconducting spin valve may be used as a magnetic memory element for cryogenic nanoelectronics. It has the following advantages in comparison with superconducting spin valves proposed earlier: (i) it contains only one magnetic layer, which may be more easily fabricated and controlled; (ii) its ground states are separated by a potential barrier, which solves the \half-select" problem of the addressed switch of such memory elements.
We propose an implementation of quantum neural networks using an array of quantum dots with dipole-dipole interactions. We demonstrate that this implementation is both feasible and versatile by studying it within the framework of GaAs based quantum dotqubits coupled to a reservoir of acoustic phonons. Using numerically exact Feynman integral calculations, we have found that the quantum coherence in our neural networks survive for over a hundred ps even at liquid nitrogen temperatures (77 K), which is three orders of magnitude higher than current implementations, which are based on SQUID-based systems operating at temperatures in the mK range.
An accurate standard of electric current is a long-standing challenge of modern metrology. It has been predicted that a superconducting nanowire in the regime of quantum fluctuations can be considered as the dynamic equivalent of a chain of conventional Josephson junctions. In full analogy with the quantum standard of electric voltage based on the Josephson effect, the quantum phase slip phenomenon in ultrathin superconducting nanowires could be used for building the quantum standard of electric current. This work presents advances toward this ultimate goal.
We investigate single- and multi-photon detection regimes of superconducting nanowire detectors embedded in silicon nitride nanophotonic circuits. At near-infrared wavelengths, simultaneous detection of up to three photons is observed for 120 nm wide nanowires biased far from the critical current, while narrow nanowires below 100 nm provide efficient single photon detection. A theoretical model is proposed to determine the different detection regimes and to calculate the corresponding internal quantum efficiency. The predicted saturation of the internal quantum efficiency in the single photon regime agrees well with plateau behavior observed at high bias currents.