Similar to other varieties of cognitive semantics, the prototype’s theory also investigates how we understand the world around us. We can answer this question only by understanding how the categorization works does and how “series of similarities” are formed. In a standard version, the category affiliation is a function of prototypical properties the object shares with a model representative of its category. In an extended version, the category affiliation is defined by analogy with the family resemblance. Even if we assume that linguistic expressions relate to things through the mental representations, we have to admit that these expressions should be studied as linguistic expressions.
The dynamic models considered in this work, contain at the same time as the equations describing dynamics of indicators in continuous time on a final interval, and the equations with discrete time, characteristic for econometric models. For the specified class of systems statements of tasks as tasks about approachibility of preset values of indi-cators, in a form allowing effective research with use of modern computer technologies are given. Resolvability of the redefined of tasks in a case when approximate performance of boundary conditions is allowed is investigated.
Being the bearers of power, law enforcement officers often become the subjects of crimes encroaching on various criminal protected objects. The aim of the work is to consider the crime of these subjects as an independent type of crime through the prism of criminological and legal approach. The criminological-legal approach forming a methodological basis of work combines research methods of criminological and criminal-legal Sciences that allows to define the actual bases of criminalization of the acts made in connection with existence of the social status of the employee of law enforcement Agency. In particular, the author reveals the specifics of the mechanism of crimes of law enforcement officers, linking it with the presence of formal and informal opportunities associated with this social status. Proceeding from materials of judicial practice, the subjective component of the specified crimes is analyzed that in General allows to raise a question of the increased public danger of crimes of these subjects.
The palmy days of the corporate culture of medieval guilds were the time of the origin of the modern corporate identity. Medieval corporate aesthetic as a code of corporate culture formed a unique identity of corporate culture and played the regulatory function in the activity of medieval craftsmen. This communicative potential of the corporate identity is especially required for corporate business cultures of modern informational age.
This article discusses ways of representation in the linguistic consciousness of Russia's image. By means of representation we understand the methods of defining the meaning of associative reactions to a stimulus word "Russia". We have presented a methodology for modeling of the linguistic consciousness according to the association experiment and analysis of the data, which allows to identify and structure the image of Russia, to represent the linguistic consciousness of the participants of the experiment. This image can be modeled as a kind of figure of knowledge: the model of the motion from the word-sign to the meaning, method of expression, the field of reference.
The article explores the concept of ‘New Challenges and Threats’ appeared in Anglo-Saxon studies on international security and analyzes the use of the concept in the foreign policy practices of the Western countries.
The paper describes theoretical grounds of a new concept for parts-of-speech differentiation in Chinese developed by the renowned Chinese linguist Yuan Yulin. On the basis of Yuan Yulin’s theory, the authors analyze lexical units that are traditionally called directives, but are marked in the majority of Chinese textbooks used in Russia as nouns. The main result of this analysis is the finding that it is possible to make certain marks in new word lists in Chinese textbooks used in Russia for special parts of speech that do not exist in Russian like directives and locatives. The authors consider that these marks to a certain extent can make the process of learning the lexical units of the two above-mentioned categories easier for Russian students.
A brief survey is given of the research of mathematical models of economic growth theory which take into consideration the processes of physical and human capital accumulation. A general mathematical model of economic growth is built which generalizes similar models including Lucas's classical one. For this model two traditional optimization problem statements (problems of a social planner and a competitive equilibrium) have been described. A general problem embracing main problem statements on optimal economic development has been formulated.
The article investigates the generalized model of economic growth with physical and human capital accumulation, generalizing the well-known Lucas model. Conditions for balanced growth paths existence are established and some qualitative peculiarities of the paths are pointed out.
The generalized model of economic growth taking account of physical and human capital accumulation is investigated using numerical-analytical methods. The model generalizes the well-known Lucas model. Qualitative features of balanced growth paths have been studied for the typical parameter values of real economic systems. The model has been found to have an indeterminacy effect at fairly realistic parameter values.