The article is devoted to the study of territorial conflicts in two countries of the former USSR - Moldova and Estonia in 1989-1994. Within the framework of the study, we conducted five expert interviews with respondents, who was directly involved in resolving the conflicts in Chisinau, Transnistria and Gagauzia. The publications in Internet publications about the referendum in Narva in 1993, its preparation and consequences were also analyzed. Based on the conducted research, it was revealed that on the eve of the referendum on autonomy in Narva, authorities of Estonia and the administration of the city council of Narva visited Moldova, including Transnistria. This experience of the conflict in Transnistria let them take certain steps to ease tensions in Eastern Estonia. Later, this Estonian experience was already applied by Moldovan politicians in the process of relieving tension in the situation of Gagauzia. The detected interaction of political elites of Moldova and Transnistria is viewed from the perspective of the concept of “policy learning” by Hugh Heclo and Richard Rose.
The authors argue that Russian-Chinese rapprochement is a fundamental feature of the current changing system of international relations. The two countries are effectively enabling each other to conduct independent foreign policies often in direct opposition to the West. There is a degree of complementarity between the two sides with Russia having comparative advantage in the military, intelligence and diplomatic fi elds and China being an economic superpower. The region of Central Asia which, as some Western authors have expected, could become the hotpoint of the RussianChinese rivalry. Yet in reality it became the cradle of the two countries’ cooperation which is now affecting a wide range of international issues. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has emerged as the main platform for Russian-Chinese cooperation in Central Asia. After India and Pakistan joined the SCO in 2017 it is evolving into a mechanism of RussianChinese cooperation not only in Central Asia but in the IndoPacifi c as a whole. The Korean peninsula is another important area of coordination between Moscow and Beijing in the AsiaPacifi c. Russia and China have also been working on increasing interoperability of their military forces in the region since mid 2000s. Technically they have already done a great job for preparing ground for a military alliance. However, politically they do not appear to be ready for that yet.
The author realizes analysis of characteristics of single-party dominance under democratic political regime. This phenomenon is studied on the empiric example of long dominance of Social-democratic work party of Sweden in 1936-1976. The author considers factors of emergence and persistence of single-party dominance. Demand of significant part of society for strengthening state role in the economy and income redistribution lead to for Social-democratic party come to power and then successful performance in implementation of social programs provide long persistence of their dominance.