The article discusses the results of the study of the management decision-making styles of secondary school principals, which was held in 2014 in eight regions of the Russian Federation (one region of each federal district) basing on the methodology of A. Rowe. The objective of the study was to assess the Russian principals’ reform potential, which in the present conditions, according to the authors, is based on the ability to build a partnership with teachers in decision-making and to preserve the ability to solve problems in a situation of uncertainty, which was so characteristic of the era of change. Based on the findings of the research on the management decision-making styles, comparison of the two reforms in the recent history of Russian education was made: the financial reform that includes certain financial freedom for schools willing to switch to a form of the autonomous institution, and the substantial reform that offers schools to claim to a lyceum and gymnasium status with wider opportunities to organize the educational process. The comparison reveals that the substantial reform has attracted a greater number of principals-reformers than the financial one, which characterizes a formal and directive side of the latter.
The article concerns the research of functional peculiarities of multilingual religious discourse in its diachronic aspect. The author considers the religious discourse as a means that conveys a complex of meanings of a sacral text regarding the mentality, religious experience and objective reality of the people speaking a certain language in a certain historic period, the discourse being consistently reproduced in time and space. Multilingual sacral texts are a significant part of the religious discourse. Their contrastive analysis is worthwhile only when historical, chronological, sociocultural and situational factors which have some impact on the meaning of a sacral text are taken into consideration, a sacral text being an object for translation. Since translators were traditionally expected to observe the compulsory rules of preserving the meaning and structure of the source text, their translations either distorted the text meaning or were not fully accurate in the meaning conveyed.
The purpose of the article is to analyze the social competitiveness of young people in the context of their ideas about their socio-cultural environment. The socio-cultural environment in the study is represented by the respondents’ perceptions about the predominance of a certain type of society at three levels: Russia as a whole, the region, the enterprise (educational institution). The social competitiveness of young people has only scarcely been studied by sociologists. In the article, this phenomenon is seen as the ability of social actors to achieve their goals in a society in the conditions of competition with other people. The empirical basis of this research is a representative survey, conducted in 2016 in the Krasnoyarsk Territory using formalized interviews among 1000 respondents. The article shows that the most competitive youth are those who perceive their socio-cultural macro environment (Russian society) as either pre-industrial, feudal or industrial, capitalistic one. It is established that there are two opposing in their meaning forms of the moral and value environment of the young people in the region, each of which ensures the high social competitiveness of a certain part of the youth. In particular, the socio-cultural environment of the competitiveness of young people corresponds to the contemporary state of Russian society. On the contrary, many adult actors continue to live in the socio-cultural context of the past era. It is concluded that the socio-cultural environment of the activity is specific for various social actors, and the identification of mechanisms of determination of social success is a promising area for further research.
The article is devoted to the study of socio-economic, socio-demographic and socio-cultural characteristics of the economically active educated population of the regions of Siberian Federal District. The object of the study is residents of Siberia, who have high human capital and prospect of acting as a social support for contemporary modernization of their regions. Based on the analysis of official statistics and surveys of the population in the regions of Siberia, an assessment of the educational potential of internal migration and socio-cultural characteristics of potential agents of modernization in the population of these territories is made.
The article deals with the features of a contemporary transition of generation to adulthood. Such issues and problems as the contribution of young people in socio-economic development are considered. The data is given in the article that the transition to adulthood, according to its structure consists of five transitions: a transition to life learning, a transition to the world of work, a transition to the creation of the family or attachment to the family life, a transition from private life to public and civilian life, and a transition from carelessness to health care. A presumption of three approaches for further work in this subject is given. Firstly, it is an accurate analysis of the situation and youth policy in Russia. Secondly, it is a question of a persons driving forces in these transitions. What causes him to support the objective processes, or to resist them? Thirdly, its reassessment of the problem of education in the context of the present scheme. What potential is given to the person, who will enter the labor market, create a family and participate in politics?
The article concerns the research of modern Russian regional politicians’ speech portraits. The subject of research is a pragmatic-linguistic unit understood as a minimal, phonetically integral and logically complete speech segment. In the report the author emphasizes speech traits and qualities typical for both experienced and popular politicians and political start-uppers. The research shows different speech portraits of candidates for the head of the city administration of Nizhny Novgorod (Russia), their various communicative images. The candidates’ speech strategies prove to be the only possible variant for elective position assignment. The language analysis of the pre-election campaign speeches demonstrates the candidates to use two kinds of speech strategies: positive and negative. By the forming of the pre-election campaign speeches strengths the neutral adjectives with some additional positive and negative connotations are used. The weaknesses most reflect fracturing behavior, which is more characteristic for animals
The article represents the analysis of individual styles of summary writing with the aim to describe them, and verify the methods of their defining (diagnosis). The purpose of the paper is to determine the scientific status, and also to substantiate the pragmatic function of individual summary writing styles in order to improve the quality of students’ preparation for this type of written activity in the process of learning foreign languages. The main goal of the authors is to prove that the individual style of summary writing is conditioned by socio- cultural and personal factors that influence the ability to perceive and process the source text and generate a secondary text — a summary. Materials and methods. As a methodological basis, the authors rely on the learner- centered and intercultural approaches to teaching. The solution of research problems was ensured through the use of a set of interrelated methods: theoretical (analysis of literature, of available domestic and foreign experience), general scientific (classification, differentiation, comparison, generalization), as well as empirical (experimental work, content analysis of activity products — summaries, statistical data processing). The material for research is summaries which are regarded as products of written speech by Russian- speaking and English- speaking students of an economics university. Results. The research identifies and characterizes lingvocognitive styles of summary writing specific for English and Russian language speakers, that reflect nationally and personally conditioned approaches to analytical and synthetic processing of information. We prove experimentally and statistically reliably the fact that Russian- speaking students are characterized by differentiating, scanning style of summary writing, while English- speaking students — by integrating, fragmenting style of summary writing. The systematization of the results of the summaries’ content analysis has demonstrated the use by the learners of their personal experience for perception, processing of the source text and in the generation of the text of a summary. Conclusions. The obtained results help to optimize the process of preparing students for writing summaries in the conditions of intercultural communication, taking into account the individual style of summary writing.
The article aims at finding appropriate measurement instruments for the assessment of communication mobility (CM) development as an important component of professional intercultural communicative competence. The comparative analysis of the BEC speaking exam paper and communication mobility strategies and tactics shows that the exam format covers components of CM model to a large extent and consequently may be used to measure the level of communication mobility development in the absence of a specifically designed instrument. Moreover, the analysis suggests teaching implications that entail addressing the issues of non-linguistic strategies and tactics both explicitly at the exam preparation stage as well as in ESP teaching in general.
This paper is devoted to the insufficiently studied problem of the program design for training of T & I educators. The problem is investigated from the position of the social relevance of the T & I educators' profession, and its specificity. The structure of the professional competences necessary for T & I educators is being determined as well as the requirements, which stand in front of these specialists. We propose a Master's program, which includes a number of original innovative courses, disciplines, providing profoundness, comprehensiveness, practical and research orientation of future T & I educators' training.
The article deals with different priorities of economic activities in the Arctic. The role and the place of extractive industry in different countries are analysed. It is shown that the main emphasis in the modern Arctic economic is shifted to socio-economic return not only economic efficiency of projects itself. To be leader in Arctic development means not to implement ambitious projects but provides solutions in line with the sustainable functioning of the fragile and unique environment of “high latitudes”. The key role of activities adjusting the formerly constructed manufacturing entities in accordance with current environmental regulations is accentuated
The article substantiates the necessity for creation and development of a scientiﬁ c-educational cluster under the conditions of activating Russian-Chinese co-development processes in the cross-border sociocultural medium. In the context of persistent expansion of Chinese “soft power”, clustering is more than a way of concentrating material and intellectual resources. Clustering means the only chance for the Russian border areas to prevent forced introduction of foreign cultural elements. Moreover, concentration of the mentioned resources will promote our culture in the cultural space of Chinese borderland in their undistorted forms. Authors suggest including the model of “the regional bordering cultures' dialogue” into the clustering concept to provide the basis for the clusters' functioning in the Russian-Chinese borderland and to build the behaviour pattern of mutual complementarity, not the role-picking one. The basic clustering functions shall be laid on universities acting as integrating power for the anthropological, sociocultural and other factors of the phenomenon. Those are the borderland universities, united by similar characteristics, that are able to lead Russian education into the competitive conditions of Russian-Chinese international educational space development.
The problems of social and economic development of Siberia and the Far East are discusses in article. The analysis and evaluation of the federal government activities in development and implementations of plans for the Siberian and Far Eastern territories development are conducted. The article shows the unjustified transformation of the development basic tools (dissemination of TPD ideas throughout the country and others) and delaying already prepared decision-making processes (funds and other development institutions establishment).
The article aims at finding appropriate measurement instruments for the assessment of communication mobility (CM) development as an important component of professional intercultural communicative competence. The comparative analysis of the BEC speaking exam papaer and communication mobility strategies and tactics shows that the exam format covers the components of CM model to a large extent and consequently may be used to measure the level of communication mobility development in the absence of of a specifically designed instrument. Moreover, the analysis suggests teaching implications that entail addressing the issues of non- linguistic strategies and tactics explicitly at the exam preparation stage as well as in ESP teaching in general.