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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 392
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Article
Шмелева Е. Д. Экономическая социология. 2015. Т. 16. № 2. С. 55-79.

Academic dishonesty (e.g. cheating and plagiarism) is a pervasive and serious problem, which may jeopardize the quality of Russian educational system. Elaboration and implementation of preventive measures requires valid and reliable data on the reasons for students using unethical and dishonest strategies while enrolled in university. Nonetheless, there is no research on factors of academic dishonesty among Russian students. This article provides a review of foreign and Russian studies aimed at formulation of initial ideas about determinants and peculiarities of academic dishonesty, which may help formulate adequate hypotheses and research questions for the study of dishonest behavior among students of Russian universities. The paper enumerates the most popular approaches to the study of academic fraud: an economic approach based on G. Becker’s economic theory on crime and an approach rooted in the theory of planned behavior developed by I. Ajzen. Moreover, it describes the advantages and disadvantages of the most frequently applied methods for measuring factual academic dishonesty: direct question survey method and the surreptitious method. Findings about Russian academic dishonesty are also introduced. The latter part is devoted to a description of two groups of possible factors: individual and contextual.

Added: Jul 3, 2015
Article
Куракин А. А. Экономическая социология. 2003. Т. 4. № 1. С. 81-104.
Added: May 31, 2009
Article
Флигстин Н. Экономическая социология. 2013. Т. 14. № 1. С. 28-53.
Added: Jul 22, 2013
Article
Флигстин Н. Экономическая социология. 2013. Т. 14. № 3. С. 64-95.
Added: Jul 22, 2013
Article
Экономическая социология. 2011. Т. 12. № 2. С. 126-137.
Added: Jun 5, 2011
Article
Гирц К. Экономическая социология. 2009. Т. 10. № 2. С. 54-62.
Added: May 8, 2009
Article
Коротаев А. В., Хохлова А. А., Цирель С. В. Экономическая социология. 2018. Т. 19. № 2. С. 118-167.
Added: May 1, 2018
Article
Чернышева М. В. Экономическая социология. 2016. Т. 17. № 4. С. 129-163.

The paper presents the results of an empirical study on the charity of small￾and medium-sized businesses in a small Russian town. The aim of this ar￾ticle is to reveal motivations and barriers for small- and medium-sized busi￾nesses to participate in charitable activities. By the charity of a business, we mean a non-systematic provision of financial support to those in need. Different theoretical approaches are applied to explain the motivations for charitable activity in business. Critical theory implies that charity is used as an ideological tool aiming for a positive public image. Theories of solidar￾ity conceptualize charity as a moral obligation to conform to the norms of the community. In the model of patrimonial domination, the authority distributes privileges in exchange for loyalty. This study was conducted in 2015–2016 in a small Russian town; 21 semi-structured interviews were carried out with the owners of small- and medium-sized businesses. In addition, 13 interviews were conducted with recipients of business donations and experts in the field of charity (including leaders of non-profit organiza￾tions, schools, local media, and government representatives). The empirical results show that business charity is a result of the relationships between businesses, the local community, and local authorities. The local com￾munity sets a stable social order of charity in a small town. However, the most stable and significant charitable donations from businesses are possible only in the system of patrimonial exchanges.

Added: Oct 17, 2016
Article
Конрой Н. В. Экономическая социология. 2014. Т. 15. № 5. С. 54-84.
Citizens’ Guide to the Budget: Find a Receiver Abstract The changing nature of citizenship and the development of neoliberal theories and practices are not just issues for theoretical social science debate but also questions of concern for governments and public bodies in many nations. This article reports on the early findings of the author’s study of open government practices in the Russian Federation and analyzes the development of the “Citizens’ Guide to the Federal Budget” (the CB); a digital document produced annually by the Ministry of Finance (the MoF), in addition to executive budget proposals. It uses plain language to explain policy objectives to help the general public (‘people’) make sense of the budget. There are no clear rules or ‘recipes’ governing how to select, simplify, present and disseminate that kind of information to the ‘people’, and so it has become the subject of fierce debate unfolding between developers. Drawing on 1.5 years of participant observation in 2013–2014, the article explores the debate between members of the Ministry of Finance’s working group as they attempt to define target-groups of ‘active citizens’, prospective CB receivers, consumers and users. It addresses three questions: ‘What is the working group’s vision for the CB?’; ‘How does the ministry define or constitute ‘citizens’ it thinks could be in those target-groups?’ and, ‘How does the ministry see active citizens’ contributing, or helping to disseminate budget information to ‘passive citizens’ and raise the level of “budget literacy”?’ It argues that the task of “making the budget simple” is much more difficult for the MoF than just carrying out ‘open data’ digital projects, so it seeks partner groups of citizens who might become ‘translators’ from finance language to everyday language. But that search is far from easy, because the MoF has no direct contact with citizens at all, only with other public bodies. Consequently the ministry chose young people (senior pupils and students), who are likely to have established links with other citizens; families consisting of older and less digitally aware people in their households, and might serve as allies, translators and defenders of budget interests for such ‘passive citizens’. The article concludes by distilling core themes for future work.
Added: Dec 4, 2014
Article
Коулман Дж. Экономическая социология. 2009. Т. 10. № 3. С. 33-40.
Added: Jun 2, 2009
Article
Бессонова О. Э. Экономическая социология. 2008. Т. 9. № 2. С. 15-28.
Added: Apr 11, 2013
Article
Нестерова Д. В., Мальцева И. О. Экономическая социология. 2008. Т. 9. № 2. С. 85-88.
Added: Apr 12, 2013
Article
Шевчук А. В. Экономическая социология. 2011. Т. 12. № 3. С. 145-149.
Added: Aug 30, 2012
Article
Ларкина Т. Ю. Экономическая социология. 2016. Т. 17. № 3. С. 151-156.

The “Economic Methodology” section under the moderation of HSE Professor Vladimir Avtonomov took place on the 20th and 21st of April within the XVII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. The section consisted of five sessions: “Economics: Beginning and Continuation”; “Soviet Theorists and Historians of Thought”; “Property, Inequality, Paternalism”; “Methodological Problems of Economic Science”; and “In Search of a Realistic Economics.” Each session had three reports which were followed with discussion among the participants. The question of theoretical and methodological nature of economics and history of economic thought as well as the problem of the practical application of theoretical knowledge were in the spotlight. This paper focuses on a philosophical and methodological reflection of economics and the history of economic thought, and it partly stresses the problems and practical application of economic knowledge; therefore, not all reports are discussed. Economics is an unrealized natural science project in which primordial foundation has a moral character and is associated with philosophical notions about economy life organization. Scholars’ comprehension of economics, its methodology, and models of economic human has changed over the years. Economists, historians, and methodologists of economic thought reference the philosophical theories and concepts, which allow them to look critically at what is happening inside the disciplinary area, resolve old problems, and ask new questions.

Added: May 29, 2016
Article
Попов Д. С., Воронина Н. Д. Экономическая социология. 2019. Т. 20. № 2. С. 122-153.

The transfer of knowledge and skills is a key social process that supports the functioning of all social institutions, including the economy. Existing research shows that the participation of adults in education throughout their lives has noticeable consequences for wealth, social wellbeing, state of health and cognitive abilities. The learnability of adults provides an additional resource for the economy, which increases its resistance and adaptability during a crisis, allows institutional development and provides an increase of human capital during economic growth. In this paper, we analyze the involvement of adults in education and estimate the effectiveness of adult educational practices in Russia in comparison with OECD countries. The analysis is based on the data of the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competences (PIAAC). It is shown that adult learners in Russia demonstrate the same level of measured competences (in reading and math) as those who are not involved in any educational activities. The results are quite different for OECD countries. At the same time, we observe dissimilar models of participation of adults in education in Russia and OECD countries. In the latter countries, there is a "supportive" role of adult education, in which a learner has a strong career, income and social wellbeing, while in Russia a "crisis" model is common for those adults involved in formal education.

Added: Jul 30, 2019
Article
Задорин И. В., Яковлев А. А. Экономическая социология. 2013. Т. 14. № 4. С. 10-26.
Added: Nov 15, 2013
Article
Белявский Б. А. Экономическая социология. 2020. Т. 21. № 2. С. 76-90.

This paper is a review of Radical Markets: Uprooting Capitalism and Democracy for a Just Society, the book by Eric A. Posner and Glen E. Weyl and published in 2018. Prof. Posner works at the University of Chicago, where his scholarship  is dedicated to international law, foreign relations law, contracts, and game theory and the law. Glen E. Weyl is a Prior Researcher at Microsoft Research New England who also teaches a course Designing the Digital Economy at Yale University. The book concentrates on solutions for the problems of inequality and stagnation. The authors claim that solutions need a combination of left and right theoretical principles. Such a combination allows for institutional systems to approach market principles of freedom, competition, and openness. The market is considered the best tool for providing both equality and economic growth. Five relatively separate spheres are studied in the book, and the same monopolistic restrictions are highlighted. Each chapter presents a solution for one sphere that should enforce free competition and destroy a monopoly.

This review proposes an interpretation that the reasonings presented in the book do not create a compromise between left and right. The authors develop a right liberal tradition instead. All the propositions are based on the principles of utilitarianism, marginalist calculations, and neoclassical economics. Simultaneously, the presented solutions appear historically relevant for both approaches, while the solutions do not overcome the theoretical contradictions between neoliberalism and critical theory in the economy and between liberalism and republicanism in politics. The book’s general ideas are discussed after the introduction. Next, specific cases are analyzed through comparison of the principles of liberalism, critical theory, and republicanism. A discussion about the efficiency of theoretical compromises concludes the paper.

Added: Jul 4, 2020