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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 112
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Article
Braginskaya N. Keria: Studia Latina et Graeca. 2018. Vol. 20. No. 3. P. 27-40.

During the period of the so-called Silver age of Russian culture, three outstanding translators of the Greek tragedy, Tadeusz Zieliński, Innokentiy Annensky and Vyacheslav Ivanov, put forward the idea of the third, Slavonic Renaissance – the new rebirth of Antiquity, with the leading role of the Slavic peoples, particularly the Russians. They claimed that while the first Renaissance was Romanesque and the second German (in the era of Winckelmann, Goethe and German classical philology), the third one was supposed to be Slavonic. In the early Soviet period, the idea of Slavonic Renaissance brought about some unexpected results, first of all precisely in the sphere of theater. The paper focuses on how symbolist ideas got to be expressed in the performances of classical tragedies. Ivanov authored the expression “creative self-performance” that later, in the Soviet era, acquired the meaning of “non-professional performance,” such as comedies staged by “sailors and the Red Army soldiers,” Adrian Piotrovsky’s “amateur theatre,” and the pioneer reconstruction of the scenic performance of Aristophanes’ comedies done by Sergey Radlov, Adrian Piotrovsky, and others.

Added: Jan 29, 2019
Article
Edmond J., Fischer F., Mertens M. et al. ERCIM News. 2017. No. 111. P. 25-26.

As it begins its second decade of development, the Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities (DARIAH) continues to forge an innovative approach to improving support for and the vibrancy of humanities research in Europe.

Added: Dec 18, 2018
Article
Pavlovskaya G., Lord A. Journal of Language and Education. 2018. Vol. 4. No. 3. P. 69-76.

The article is aimed at highlighting the sociocultural factors a teacher/an IELTS instructor should consider preparing Russian students for the IELTS exam. The main focus of the study described further in the article was made on four speech functions most frequently used at the IELTS Speaking Test. These speech functions are explaining and paraphrasing, expressing personal opinion, providing personal information, and summarizing. The study aims to question the assumption that the problems arising in the use of these speech functions are provoked by the students’ low language level and to investigate if there are any sociocultural issues connected with the use of the above-mentioned speech functions influencing students’ performance during the IELTS Speaking Test. The study was conducted among first-year students at Higher School of Economics (HSE) at the Faculty of Computer Science. To see the problem from a different perspective the study involved not only the first-year students who seem to struggle with the speech functions but also their English teachers who can provide trustworthy first-hand information on the problems the students frequently face. The results of the study demonstrate that the cause of problems students encounter using the speech functions should not be attributed only to their language knowledge as the majority of interviewed teachers do. The way students tend to explain, paraphrase, summarize, express their opinion and provide personal information is culturally defined which influences students’ ability to perform these functions effectively. To help Russian students avoid sociocultural problems preparing for the IELTS Speaking Test a teacher/an IELTS instructor should aim to increase students’ sociocultural awareness of the pitfalls in the use of the essential speech functions and sociocultural competence in a foreign language.The article is aimed at highlighting the sociocultural factors a teacher/an IELTS instructor should consider preparing Russian students for the IELTS exam. The main focus of the study described further in the article was made on four speech functions most frequently used at the IELTS Speaking Test. These speech functions are explaining and paraphrasing, expressing personal opinion, providing personal information, and summarizing. The study aims to question the assumption that the problems arising in the use of these speech functions are provoked by the students’ low language level and to investigate if there are any sociocultural issues connected with the use of the above-mentioned speech functions influencing students’ performance during the IELTS Speaking Test. The study was conducted among first-year students at Higher School of Economics (HSE) at the Faculty of Computer Science. To see the problem from a different perspective the study involved not only the first-year students who seem to struggle with the speech functions but also their English teachers who can provide trustworthy first-hand information on the problems the students frequently face. The results of the study demonstrate that the cause of problems students encounter using the speech functions should not be attributed only to their language knowledge as the majority of interviewed teachers do. The way students tend to explain, paraphrase, summarize, express their opinion and provide personal information is culturally defined which influences students’ ability to perform these functions effectively. To help Russian students avoid sociocultural problems preparing for the IELTS Speaking Test a teacher/an IELTS instructor should aim to increase students’ sociocultural awareness of the pitfalls in the use of the essential speech functions and sociocultural competence in a foreign language.The article is aimed at highlighting the sociocultural factors a teacher/an IELTS instructor should consider preparing Russian students for the IELTS exam. The main focus of the study described further in the article was made on four speech functions most frequently used at the IELTS Speaking Test. These speech functions are explaining and paraphrasing, expressing personal opinion, providing personal information, and summarizing. The study aims to question the assumption that the problems arising in the use of these speech functions are provoked by the students’ low language level and to investigate if there are any sociocultural issues connected with the use of the above-mentioned speech functions influencing students’ performance during the IELTS Speaking Test. The study was conducted among first-year students at Higher School of Economics (HSE) at the Faculty of Computer Science. To see the problem from a different perspective the study involved not only the first-year students who seem to struggle with the speech functions but also their English teachers who can provide trustworthy first-hand information on the problems the students frequently face. The results of the study demonstrate that the cause of problems students encounter using the speech functions should not be attributed only to their language knowledge as the majority of interviewed teachers do. The way students tend to explain, paraphrase, summarize, express their opinion and provide personal information is culturally defined which influences students’ ability to perform these functions effectively. To help Russian students avoid sociocultural problems preparing for the IELTS Speaking Test a teacher/an IELTS instructor should aim to increase students’ sociocultural awareness of the pitfalls in the use of the essential speech functions and sociocultural competence in a foreign language.

Added: Oct 4, 2018
Article
Kuleva M. International Journal of Cultural Studies. 2019. Vol. 22. No. 2. P. 281-297.

This paper investigates creative work that now takes place in newly-established cultural institutions in Moscow non-governmental MoCAs and art-centres situated in refurbished Soviet buildings where mostly defunct, socialist-era factories had been located. The exploration of creative work in Russian art-centers is of particular interest for the debates on creative labour because it promises to record the transition of contemporary art market from Soviet cultural monopoly to the market economy in the conditions of the real-time formation of new informal standards of cultural production. The present paper evaluates what informality does mean within these new standards of creative work organization. Although the new art-centres have declared that they will produce culture ‘in a new and innovative way’, they still preserve in their functioning many residues of the ‘old system’ such as the practices of ‘blat’, favour-swapping and clientelism, wages-in-pockets, pilfering and dubious sales of art collections. The paper is based on an empirical study conducted in 2016 and includes 25 in-depth interviews with cultural workers employed full-time and 20 live observations in offices and exhibition areas of the art-centres.

Added: Jan 17, 2018
Article
Орлова Г. А., Касаткина А. К. Russian Journal of Communication. 2017. Т. 9. № 3. С. 328-335.

In the age when data became big, the epistemological role of scaling and digital mechanism of datafication came to be on the agenda even in the areas of knowledge traditionally skeptical about any computations. Based on the example of the Obninsk digital project, the authors show how enlargement of data and new operations with them (open access and secondary use of big little data in particular) change design of qualitative research and urge researchers to revise ethical conventions of scholarship developed in the pre-digital age. The Obninsk digital project, which acts as a strategic operator of ethical issues arising in the process of digitalization of qualitative knowledge, they define as ethical dispositive.

Added: Feb 13, 2019
Article
Зарецкий Ю. П. Новое литературное обозрение. 2019. Т. 157. № 3. С. 71-74.
Added: May 2, 2019
Article
Никишина Е. А. Известия РАН. Серия литературы и языка. 2018. Т. 77. № 3. С. 38-55.

In the article, properties of the author and the addressee in the genre of letter to the newspaper in the Soviet Union and in the emigration society are considered. The description of the figure of the author is based on two oppositions: 1) the number of authors: individual vs. collective author and 2) the level of privacy: private vs. social person. The analysis of the ways of marking the author in the texts of letters makes it evident that in the Soviet newspapers, the ‘social’ domain prevails over the ‘personal’ one, while in the letters to the emigrant newspapers, these two domains are equally represented. As the data show, the most important for the analysis of the addressee is to distinguish the following three types of the addressee: the mass addressee, the formal addressee, and the principal one. The mass addressee includes the whole readership of the newspaper. The formal one is the editor-in-chief of the newspaper, who the author of the letter addresses just to observe the courtesy norms. By the principal addressee, I mean the person or the group of people whose attention or reaction is really important for the author and who are mentioned in the body of letter. Throughout the article I show in which manner these three types of the addressee interact with each other and which language mechanisms serve to introduce them, the particular attention being given to the differences between the letters to the Soviet and to the emigrate newspapers. One of the important conclusions I draw in the end of the article is that the presence of the mass addressee in letters to newspapers leads to substantial shifts in communicative purposes of specific types of letters.

Added: Sep 10, 2018
Article
Кочековская Н. А. Шаги/Steps. 2018. Т. 4. № 3-4. С. 36-58.

The article considers 20th century philosophers’ and literary critics’ focus on the problem of allegory and the connection of this topic with the problem of temporality. The article concentrates on the conceptions of Walter Benjamin and Gilles Deleuze; texts by E. Bloch, R. Barthes, P. De Man, F. Ankersmit, G. Didi-Huberman, M.A. Holly, and others are analyzed in order to determine both their theoretical context and subsequent development. We also examine the interconnection between the concepts of allegory as temporality and empirical materials from the Renaissance, baroque and romanticism, which were frequently used for the conceptualizations. The main conclusion of the article is that anachronism as the main mechanism and practice in allegory, interpreted as a literary experience which overcomes temporal linearity, turns out to be the most important common point for different conceptualizations of allegory as a mode of temporality.

Added: Jun 5, 2019
Article
Шишова Е. С. Вестник Томского государственного университета. 2019. № 437. С. 104-109.

The article is aimed to clarify the contradictory nature of the urban atmosphere phenomenon by defining its’ nuances and the genesis of its’ appearance in social sciences. Such approach will help to conceptualize the phenomenon and will lead to the creation of the future urban atmosphere model suitable for further operationalization.

The research is represented by the theoretical analysis of works interested in urban atmosphere phenomenon in the field of sociology, phenomenology, management, literature, cultural geography.

The work can be divided into two parts. The first part describes the differences between urban atmosphere nuances, namely ambiance and atmosphere, and define them. Then the second part provide us with the information about ambiance and atmosphere origin and the process of its’ development from ancient times to this day. In the end of the article the necessity of taking into account the urban atmosphere shades, when dealing with model creation, is argued.

According to the analysis the atmosphere is invisible but is characterized by magnetic properties making the urban space attractive for living bodies. The ambience is produced by the atmosphere, but have the more pronounced qualitative properties which characterize the urban space. The ambience influence on our lifetime by mediating the relations between living bodies.

The consideration of the urban atmosphere genesis in different research fields showed that the atmosphere has been studied mainly within natural science and literature as descriptive quantitative phenomenon aimed to define the space of existence for living bodies.  Whereas the ambiance, full of qualitative and tangible characteristics, has been appeared later and has been borrowed by a number of research disciplines (such as sociology, psychology, economics, management) as possible to be analyzed and slightly applied in practice.

According to the analysis the author reaches the conclusion that the urban atmosphere is the highly constructed phenomenon consisting of either atmosphere, or ambience. The second one is the qualitative continuation of the first one and the characteristics of both shouldn’t be overlooked when conceptualizing the phenomenon. The analysis also showed that the functioning principles of physical atmosphere and ambiance can be applied in the model creation. It is connected with the absence of explanation of urban atmosphere and ambience functioning by social scientists. The application of these principles from physics will provide the full scheme of urban atmosphere components interrelation and interaction.

Added: Jan 18, 2019
Article
Орлова Г. А. Практики & Интерпретации: журнал филологических, образовательных и культурных исследований. 2017. Т. 2. № 4. С. 46-57.
Added: Feb 19, 2019
Article
Орлова Г. А. Новое литературное обозрение. 2018. Т. 150. № 2. С. 72-82.
Added: Feb 13, 2019
Article
Смирнов М. А. Философия. Журнал Высшей школы экономики. 2018. Т. 2. № 4. С. 253-264.

Academic report: Second International Conference ‘HSE Semantics & Pragmatics Workshop’ : Moscow, September 4–5, 2018

Added: Jan 15, 2019
Article
Волкова И. В. Педагогика. 2019. № 2. С. 105-114.

Th e article analyses professional preferences of school graduates before the Great Patriotic War, their expectations concerning prospective professional activity and the infl uence of the Communist idea on their choice. Interpreted as a cause of innovative thrust, this idea stimulated ranking professions on the basis of their creative potential and the idea of serving the future.

Added: Mar 4, 2019
Article
Сидорина Т. Ю. Свободная мысль. 2018. № 4 . С. 78-95.

 The article is devoted to the welfare sate, which is the one of the most important social phenomena of the ХХth century, as well as its present state, challenges and prospects. Since the beginning of the 1990s, there has been a tendency to curtail state social activities caused by a series of crises in social and economic spheres. However, even with the reduction of state social obligations, most of the economically developed countries are trying to maintain the social support system. Futhermore, structural changes are being made, the role of key agents of social policy is being rethought, and national features of the state are taken into account.

Added: Nov 3, 2018
Article
Немировский А. А., Прокопьева П. Е., Жукова Л. Н. Северо-Восточный гуманитарный вестник. 2018. Т. 1. № 22. С. 36-40.

The work is written on the material of the various publications of the Upper Kolyma Yukaghir legends about Yukaghir national hero Khalandin. The historical basis of the legends was, apparently, the chain of  real events of the third quarter of the 17th century. The texts of this cycle report that the hero Khalandin fought against the invasions of foreigners (Koryaks) upon the upper Kolyma Yukaghirs and achieved their cessation. A number of legends also contain another motive - that Halandin himself raided other foreigners (Evens) for the purpose of robbery. At the same time, in the legends recorded at the end of the 20th century, this motive is often accompanied by statements that reciter and Halandin himself are not very fond of  such raids (in particular, showing that Hlkandin  himself is ashamed of doing this to a certain extent). An analysis of historical traditions allows us to think that these moments are characteristic of a late time. The change in the models of the relationship of historical traditions to the foreigners-Evens was affected by changes in the Yukaghirs' perception  of Evens as Yukaghirs  changed their enmity with the Evens to a symbiosis with them. Some general cultural and anthropological models of perception of foreigners by the Yukaghirs and changes in these models, including its consequences for the modifications of the epic tradition, are revealed. 

Added: Jun 17, 2018
Article
Зусман В. Г., Сиднева Т. Актуальные проблемы высшего музыкального образования. 2018. № 4 (50). С. 79-85.
Added: Dec 25, 2018
Article
Зеленова Д. А., Хаматшин А., Воронина Н. Азия и Африка сегодня. 2019. № 2. С. 36-43.

The article analyses the debates among the South African establishment on the Land issue and a possible amendment to the Constitution which would enable the government to expropriate land without any financial compensation. It is crucial to note that the Land reform is currently high on the agenda of the South African society, to say the least. Debates on the expropriation of land without compensation were resumed in the country shortly after December 2017 when ANC announced its readiness to reconsider article 25 of the Constitution, the article which stipulates property rights for land. Whereas there is a common understanding in South Africa that the land issue is to be addressed as soon as possible, opinions on how to achieve this goal differ significantly. Proceeding from their field research conducted in South Africa, the authors analyze the stand of the modern church organizations and social movements on the Land reform. The question hanging in the air is whether it is acceptable to expropriate land in order to fix the housing crisis in the South African megalopolises. Also, the article attempts to consider the Land reform as a possible solution to the housing crisis in South Africa. All things considered, the Land reform is a multifaceted issue with too many stakeholders, including government and different social, traditional and religious groups. In a nutshell, the Land reform is a Catch 22 situation where any move could be fraught with serious repercussions.

 

Added: Sep 29, 2018
Article
Бендерский И. И. Новое литературное обозрение. 2019. Т. 155. № 1. С. 62-80.

The article addresses the social dimension of Leo Tolstoy’s thanatological prose based on the “Master and Man” short story material. The research is focused on the relationship between narrative form of the text, its social thrust, and experience conveyed by the poetic act, which are intrinsic to the “journey-discovery” concept.

Added: Jul 11, 2019
Article
Брагинская Н. В. Философические письма. 2019. Т. 2. № 2. С. 159-171.

Forword to publication of the selected letters from the period from 1911 to 1940 addressed to friends, teachers and students and uncle Leon Pasternak.

Added: Aug 12, 2019