The article is devoted to the analysis of internal and external migration processes in Venezuela, using the statistics of population censuses about migrants stock. The country has both quite typical for the Latin American countries, as well as some unique features of migration. Despite the attempts to implement regional development programs, there is a concentration of the population in the narrow list of states. The country has been hosting international migrants for a long time. There is an increase in emigration and a decline in immigration in recent decades. The new wave of outflow from the country began in 2014 due to the economic crisis. The scale of the current migration outflow can only be determined after the new censuses of the 2020 round.
The author analyzes S. Bolivar's idea of introducing moral power into the system of separation of powers. It was introduced in the draft Constitution of Venezuela in 1819.
The article deals with the specifics of the formation of a services single market in the framework of CARICOM. The author analyses the evolution of the integration processes in terms of their contribution to the liberalization of services trade. The article describes the main characteristics of participation of CARICOM in international services trade and the factors constraining the role of CARICOM in the global services market.
The phrase “the best foreign policy is domestic policy” became some kind of mantra for the new administration, headed by the new president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (2018 - present), at the beginning of his mandate remaining focused solely on internal problems, and forgetting about representing Mexico’s interests in the world. And, despite the fact that foreign policy issues remained far behind, compared with domestic problems, the new administration has at long last taken a number of steps in the field of international relations and foreign policy, which did not go unnoticed by the wide public. The article is devoted to changes in the foreign policy priorities of Mexico, occurring after the new president came to power in the country. In this context, relations between this Latin American country and the United States, China, Latin America are considered. It is shown how, within the framework of these main directions of foreign policy, the new Mexican administration offers new ways of solving strategic issues. The article presents an analysis of Mexican-Venezuelan relations at the beginning of the XXI century. The position of the mediator, taken by Mexico in relation to the Venezuelan crisis, confirmed the traditional commitment of this country to the principles of the Estrada Doctrine. Author cites the main factors influencing today on the formation of Mexico’s foreign policy.
The work is devoted to Mexico's attempts to find new approaches to rapprochement with Latin American countries after the Mexican policy was focused only on the United States for more than two decades in view of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) implementation. Key trading partners of Mexico among Latin American countries, free trade agreements (FTAs), as well as the most important joint initiatives are considered. The author gives several variants of the scenario in case of imposing frankly unfavorable conditions for Mexico within the framework of the ongoing revision of NAFTA.
The article analyses the specific trends of the relations between social groups within Brazilian society. It applies C. Schmitts concept of the state of emergency to assess the political [cultural, social] significance of Brazilian Carnival. The music of Samba as one of the key symbols of Brazil is also discussed in this context.
This article is dedicated to study the features of the development of trade and economic relations between Japan and Latin America considering the main factors which determine the key vectors of interconnections between the countries from the mid XXth century until nowadays. The authors also analyse the main aspects of investment cooperation and mutual migrant policy.
This article is focused on the study of the Spanish writer R. Gomez de la Serna’s book 'Six false novels' (1923-1927). Despite the author’s claims saying that it is not parodies, we studied it in the context of the theory of the novel by Jose Ortega y Gasset and Spanish mass literature of the early twentieth century. In this case, the objects of Gomez de la Serna’s travesty are subgenres of exotic and cosmopolitan novel. The author's approach leaves no room for doubt: it is a genuine work of avant-garde literature.
The article presents a historical overview of the main stages of creating of United States — Mexico border walls. The author examines the results that those measures have achieved, and the tactics of using the idea of the wall construction as the base for the D.Trump’s election campaign.
The paper examines the main measures of internal and foreign policies of Argentina and Brazil connected with SDG (sustainable development goals) in energy sector and agriculture. The authors provide the short characteristics of the current trends of foreign policies of both countries and then analyze the case studies of the impact of the concept of sustainable development on the internal policies of Brazil and Argentina. As a conclusion the authors name some outcomes about the correspondence of the agenda of Latin American leading countries to SDGs in the spheres of energy, tourism and agriculture.
The article provides an analysis of BRICS countries’ participation in the international ICT services trade. An estimation of revealed comparative advantage indicators allowed us to determine the dynamics in comparative advantage for ICT service trade in BRICS. The authors consider current trends and challenges in the development of national markets for these services in each member-country and highlight future directions for the development. It is argued that the policies aimed at promoting investment and enhancing conditions for trade in ICT services contributed significantly to services exports expansion in BRICS. The authors also outline the conditions for cooperation across BRICS and suggest ways of promoting cooperation in the sphere of ICT services.