The article analyzes the current forms of support for investment lending, their advantages and disadvantages from the position of involving a wide range of agricultural producers in the innovation and investment process. A new mechanism for state regulation of investment lending in the agricultural sector is proposed, which can increase the stability, uniformity and development rate of agricultural production sectors in the regions of Russia. The analysis of investment process dynamics in agriculture with the beginning of realization of the Priority national project "Development of agriculture" found significant disparities of investment attraction between agricultural producers, sub-sectors and regions, which leads to unevenness in the pace and reduce resistance development of agriculture. Current forms of support for agricultural lending have led to increased market power among certain industry participants. The development of economic mechanism of investment lending for agriculture based on the implementation of «the principle of optimum output» from banks to agricultural producers significantly expands the number of active participants of innovation and investment development, involves in the process of technology implementation the major share of agricultural producers regardless of their size and legal form.
Based on previous research, this article shows the promising markets for innovative technologies and products produced with their help for the Russian grain industry. The implementation of the priority directions of scientific and technological development of domestic grain production will lead to the formation of the following markets: organic grain with a capacity of about 10 billion by 2022, agrobiotechnologies-13.5 billion by 2024, precision farming technologies - 25.7 by 2025, Russian elite seeds-5.4 by 2026, "package solutions" - 20 by 2028, big data-5 by 2028. and phytomeliorative technologies-17 by 2030, the markets are the link between the field of research and development and their commercialization and implementation in the production of grain crops. To enter these markets, appropriate mechanisms are needed to manage research and development in the industry, commercialize and implement technologies in grain production. Promising areas of commercialization and implementation of these technologies are the creation of new business models in the selection of grain crops; the development of a "digital foundation" for the digitalization of the industry; introduction of new "package" solutions to the market (agrochemistry + seeds with varietal technology + digital platforms) and stimulating demand for agrobiotechnologies. The implementation of the proposed tools will speed up the process of commercialization and introduction of advanced scientific developments into the production of grain crops, and eliminate the gap between science and business in the industry.
The sustainability of agricultural organizations depends on the sufficiency of money needed to finance investments in fixed assets, replenishment of working capi-tal, and fulfilment of obligations. The organization of stable cash flows is a significant factor in supporting agricultural producers.
Despite the progress of many knowledge-intensive industries, the welfare of the population is still determined primarily by the level of agriculture development. Moreover, in the foreseeable future, the significance of this branch of the economy will only grow steadily due to the increase in population, urbanization processes, reduction of cultivated land, environmental pollution and several other reasons that accompany evolutionary changes at the present stage of history. Therefore, the production of food is invariably among the practical targets of national importance. A significant contribution to the development of domestic agriculture is made by poultry farming. In a short period of time (1998-2017) in Russia, poultry meat production growth was 7 times, eggs - by 37%. To maintain the momentum and continue the progressive development of poultry, it is necessary to increase its competitiveness considering present and future challenges.
The present paper contains an analysis of factors that have impact on the revenues of the biggest Russian agricultural companies (according to the Expert journal ranking). The main method of a research is the regression analysis which has allowed to reveal significant factors and to define their interrelation. For data processing the statistical software of Stata was used. The analysis is based on accounting information of these companies for the last five years. The largest Russian companies have among themselves wide spacing of data on financial performance. The goal of the research is to identify the factors of effectiveness of agricultural companies. The research is based on the regression analysis which confirmed or refuted hypotheses about the impact of different factors on corporate revenues. The hypothesis of the research is that investments, financial leverage and embargo have a significant impact on the revenues. According to the results of our research, investments, financial leverage, effective interest rate, rent ability of sales and food embargo determine 22% of the undistributed revenue of a company. The most significant factors are investments and rent ability of sales. The conclusion is drawn that during the period till 2015 the size of retained earnings of the domestic companies agrarian and industrial complex in many respects was defined by not economic factors.
On the basis of a synthesis of domestic and foreign experience in the development of reindeer husbandry, indicators for assessing the effectiveness of reindeer husbandry were systematized and factors affecting efficiency were analysed. The effect on efficiency of breeding type, size and structure of herd, diversification of production, fodder base, selection work, channels of sale of products, etc., is shown. According to18 farms of the Altay Territory, the impact of reindeer husbandry on the profitability of organizations is shown. In order to increase the efficiency of reindeer husbandry, com- prehensive development of production, processing and marketing of products is necessary. In order to control the increase in the number of deer and to preserve pasture from overgrazing, subsidies must be allocated for the actual number of deer within the permissible number.
The present paper contains a valuation of the PAO “Group “Cherkizovo”. The importance of this problem can be explained by the following reasons: analysis of efficiency of food companies is extremely important in the situation of food embargo, and the market value is an integral indicator of efficiency. In addition, PAO “Group “Cherkizovo” is one of the leading companies of the Russian agriculture and food industry and plays an important part on the food market. Valuation is based on cash flow analysis as other methods could not be implemented (either there were no necessary information or these methods did not correspond to the specificity of the problem). Cash flows were calculated on the basis of forecasted cashflows. The analysis demonstrated that the financial situation of the company is stable and that investors valuate it above the minimum value.
Modernization of the technical and information aspect of the enterprises has to form the basis of modern reforms in the field of rural economy. Article is devoted to the review of IT technologies which open new opportunities of use of the available resources in branches of agriculture. Fundamentals of IT technologies are various computer programs, applications or software. All methods and plans of production of these or those products in the form of mathematical models and methods of information processing are presented to them. It is shown that the technological base and introduction of new information developments agricultural productions develops intensively.