In his article Vladimir Kantor explores the destiny of Russia intelligentsia within the context of cultural crisis that took place at the turn of XIX and XX centuries, analyzing the Vekhovs, a group of leading intellectuals who ran a collection of essays, titled "Vekhi", studying their relationship towards that Russian cultural phenomenon. To author, the intelligentsia is considered as a critical factor in the development of Russian history. Within a context of the struggle around the "Vekhi", by referring to famous philosophical and literature books, published in 1909, the author focuses on relationships between intelligentsia and ordinary people, their attractive and repulsive interaction, which represents the key theme of the Russian destiny. Any historical movement occurs through tragedy; heroes who move the history have to sacrifice themselves to provide that movement. Confirmation to that idea would be rejection and exclusion of the Russian intelligentsia from the country's mentality throughout a number of generations which ultimately led to its tragic being.
The article deals with the directing methodological project of “concepts history” by Vladimir Ivanovsky and Gustav Shpet (“Dictionary of philosophical terms”, 1922).
The purpose of the article is systematization of the cognitive principles and norms of traditional knowledge, formed in India before epistemology and logic rose (up to the III century). The basis of the systematization is concept «paradigm». The paradigms of Indian traditional knowledge were the science of ritual (kalpa) and grammar (vyākaraṇa). Just two sciences determined the contents and the architecture of texts for all traditional Indian sciences (vidyās and śāstras) and philosophies (darśanas). Later the norms and forms of organization from two sciences were borrowed by Indian epistemological and logical theories. If we don’t know the way of the construction of the logical-epistemological theory (pramāṇa-vāda) we are not able to understand the authentic meanings of its conceptions.
The article deals with the perception of surrounding countries in Tokugawa Japan. The main source of the investigation was the treatise “Sangoku Tsūran” (“The General Survey of Three Countries”) written by the famous scholar Hayashi Shihei. It was a geographical and ethnographical description of Korea, Ryukyu and Ezo, which shared borders with Japan at the time and became the objects of Japanese expansionism in the following Meiji period. The article also raises a question of formation of Japan-centered model of world order and an infl uence of the “Hua-Yi distinction” on this process.