Freedom of choice of trade union structure as an important element of the Freedom of Association. A number of problems were raised in Russia in law and in practice when implementing this right during last two decades, and the Committee on Freedom of Association of the ILO, the Constitutional Court of Russia and the Supreme Court of Russia were interpreting this right. The article examines most significant events and legal positions in development of the freedom of choice of trade union structure in Russia.
The article examines issues in employers’ social responsibility with the account of international and Russian standards, Russian legislation, social reports of the Russian and foreign companies and case law. The author outlines problems of interpretation of the core CSR concepts and describes the peculiarities and legal aspects of CSR implementation in Russia. The first part of the article describes historical prototypes of CSR, analyzes this concept in the context of its interpretation in international and Russian acts, as well as outlines the spectrum of obligatory and recommendatory sources of social responsibility regulation issues. Apart from this, the first part of the article offers a brief examination of the core CSR principles. The study of these issues has been taken with regard to the role of the Russian union of manufacturers and entrepreneurs in the CSR development in the Russian Federation, its cooperation with the respective international bodies. This part examines general questions of non-financial reporting, as well as modern alternatives to social reporting as a way of sharing the information on companies’ compliance with the CSR principles. The first part of the article is concluded with an interim summary on main ideas introduced in the first part of the article.
The article examines issues in employers' social responsibility with the account of international and Russian standards, Russian legislation, social reports of the Russian and foreign companies and case law. The author outline problems of interpretation of the core CSR concepts and describes the peculiarities and legal aspects of CSR implementation in Russia. The second part of the article describes particular elements of the CSR conception, and closely examines how it should be reflected in the non-financial corporate reports. It also shows the parallels between the elements of the CSR conception (in accordance with its interpretation presented in ISO 26000:2010 and GOST R ISO 26000-2012), GRI G4 Guidelines reporting requirements and the Russian legislation (including the Labour and Criminal Codes, ass well as the Code of Administrative Violations). Examples of the implementation of the issues discussed are presented on the basis of the non-financial reports of the biggest Russian companies for the last two years (2013-2014). The second part of the article is concluded with the final summary on main ideas introduced in the article as a whole, including recommendations concerning the CSR implementation in Russia.
The article is devoted to problems of legal regulation in the countries of the League of Arab States (LAS). The author emphasizes that the legal regulation of the conclusion, modification and termination of fixed-term employment contracts contains general and special-features. Common features in the legal regulation of this type of employment contract in the countries of the Arab League suggest the existence of a process of unification of labor legislation in the framework of the international organization. We can conclude the process of forming a unified model of legal regulation of fixed-term contracts in the League of Arab States. Such convergence is explained by including the presence of common problems in the conclusion, modification and termination of fixed-term employment contracts.
On the basis of current legislation we studied the structure of legal relations on compulsory social security. We established that the objective of the said legal relations is the activity, certain conduct of the insurer – employer in relation to the insured person (employee). Determination of the objective of legal relations gave us opportunity to set off subjects, subjective rights and statutory obligations of the parties involved in the legal relations.
The article investigates the development, current state and the place of the workers' participation in management of organizations in Russia and in foreign countries; main forms of workers’ participation in management, the limits of its legal regulation and the effectiveness of the existing regulation in Russia, as well as the direction of its development in foreign countries, particularly in the European Union, are considered. Legislative initiatives presented in the State Duma in recent years, aimed at enhancing the opportunities for workers' participation in management of organizations in Russia are analyzed. Conclusions are made about the low effectiveness of the current legal regulation of workers’ participation in Russia, as well as on the potential of the use of mechanisms of workers' participation in management of organizations.