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Of all publications in the section: 101
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Article
Земляков М. В. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2017. Т. 8. № 6 (60).

This  article  deals  with  the  problem  of  influences  exerted  by  ancient  and  medieval legal  and  narrative  sources  on  the  Frankish  law  during  the  reign  of  king  Clovis (481–511).  This  issue  hadn’t  sufficient  attention  in  contemporary  scholarly  works. Among  the  sources,  which  could  be  available  for  Frankish  officials  and  lawyers composed  the  Laws  of  Salian  Franks  (Lex  Salica),  authors  explains  both  the Germanic  sources  (such  as  Code  of  Euric  and  Burgundian  laws),  and  late  Roman codes  been  in  use  in Gaul  territory  in  the  5th  –  6th  centuries  (Breviary  of Alaric  and some  legal  compilations),  and  even  Celtic  sources  (The  Welsh  canons)  and  nonlegal  texts  (Exodus). Using  the  textual  critisism,  scholar  proves  that  the  biggest volume of textual adoptions in Lex Salica was a result of the long-time relations and collisions  between  the  Franks  and  their  southern  neighbours  –  Burgundians  and Visigoths.  Influence  of  the  late  Roman  legal  culture  on  the  Laws  of  Salian  Franks was  very  close,  namely  it  ends  on  the  establishing  of  slave  rank  as  “instrumentum vocale”  (cattle  with  voice).  This  state  was  a  feature  of  all  late  Roman  codes  and compilations  based  on  it  (such  as  Theodosian  Code,  Breviary  of  Alaric,  Code  of Justinian). The  profoundest  influence  of  the  Burgundian,  Visigothic  and  (in  a  less degree)  late  Roman  laws  on  the  Lex  Salica  was  revealed  in  those  titles,  which  are concerned  to  the  social  structure  in  Northern  Gaul  of  the  end  of  5th  –  early  6th centuries.  Firstly,  it  refers  to  the  position  of  slaves  in  estate,  degree  of  their  legal capability  and  participation  of  business  with  free  persons,  compensation  for  their injuries  and  death.  Then,  some  legal  procedures  of  Burgundian  laws  (for  example, the  order  of  returning  of  the  person  sold  into  slavery  from  abroad,  paying  of  pledge for  a  slave,  which  had  been  subjected  to  tortures  on  charges  of  third  party)  also  had been  put  in  the  Laws  of  Salian  Franks.  Finally,  the  influence  of  the  Old  Testament (Exodus)  and  the  so-called  “Welsh  canons”  (Canones  Wallici)  can  be  find  in  the case of sale and division of slave accused in the murder of servant of another person between their owners.

Added: Mar 24, 2018
Article
Демченко П. М. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2020. Т. 11. № 3.

This article discusses the problem of comparative study with digital and textual sources using the example of the Sound Toll Registers and Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti. Both sources contain statistical information on commercial ship voyages, which one is important for the history of maritime trade and commercial shipping of the Baltic region. But at the same time, the source’s logic and visual forms differ a lot. In order to introduce both sources’ potential to researchers, there is a brief description of the Sound Toll Registers and Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti presented. Because of differences in sources’ internal logic and visual forms researches have to compare it carefully, not to lose information or meet incomprehensible results. In order to avoid such dangers, I invite researches to try my approach to compare the Sound Toll Registers and Sankt-Peterburgskie Vedomosti. My approach is focused on careful big data’s analyze and examining of statistical sample’s representativeness in time. This approach is based on comparable samplings of the sources’ data and case-studies. It was examined on commercial shipping in the port of SaintPetersburg in 1760 during the Seven Years War.

Added: Sep 3, 2020
Article
Щавелев А. С. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2019. № 9(83). С. 1-8.

The article proposes an identification of the place-name ustaulm / *Ustahólmr witnessed in the runic inscription of the mid-eleventh century on the stone from Ålstad (Nordland, Norway) as a Scandinavian variant of the Slavic oeсonym *Оусть-островъ, which is supposed to designate a settlement of the Rus’ on the island of St. Aitherios (presumably, contemporary Berezan’ Island) at the mouth of the Dnieper. The article suggests that the three main camp-settlements of the Rus’ on their way down the Dnieper River in the 10th and 11th centuries were named in this runic inscription: Russia = Kiev (= *Garðar), Vitichev (= *Vitahólmr) and a camp on an island at the mouth of the Dnieper *Estuary-island (= *Ustahólmr).

Added: Oct 25, 2019
Article
Графова Мария Александровна Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2016. Т. 7. № 9 (53).

The article deals with the political, theological and cultural dialogue between papal Rome and Imperial Constantinople. The period of 6-8th centuries is the one of Byzantine domination in Rome, and a number of Roman frescoes belong to this period, whose style and iconography give insights into the theological and political polemics, or into the cultural influence of early Byzantine art on the local tradition. Art works are rarely used or not used at all as sources in the study of relations between the two capitals and iconoclasm. This study can helpfully contribute to the overall research view on the subject

Added: Oct 12, 2017
Article
Русанов А. В., Кульпина А. В. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2019. Т. 12. № 86.
Added: Oct 27, 2019
Article
Гласер М. А. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2015. Т. 6. № 7(40). С. 8.

The article examines the phenomenon of human security in the context of the methodology of history as an academic discipline. The definitions of traditional and nontraditional threats and dangers are suggested, the subject of matter is examined from the angle of security as a political concept at all. In the article the latter is interpreted as a basis for regulating the status of violence. Considered the genesis of the logic of the evolution and nature of humanitarian security. It is shown that after the Cold War a broad interpretation of security, was formed, it is based on mutual trust of states and on international law, which has revealed new perspectives for Security Studies, and led to the emergence of the concept of humanitarian security. The sovereignty of the individual and the state sovereignty emerged from the equilibrium state. Formulated understanding of humanitarian security in its pure form as a protection against existential threats (human security, safety of local worlds and communities, security interests of the person) and “mixed”: economic, food, health and so forth. In its “mixed” form humanitarian security is transformed into a humanitarian - social one. It is shown that for the historical reconstruction of the evolution of the concept of humanitarian security can be effective the principles of the history of concepts (Begriffsgeschichte) of Reinhard Koselleck, the theory of conceptual changes in the historicity of thought of Quentin Skinner, approaches of the socio-cultural (anthropological) history, history from below, local history, the history of the body, microhistory, etc. It opens up the new perspectives by political scientists to analyze the problems of humanitarian and human security.

Added: Oct 2, 2018
Article
Гагарина Д. А., Корниенко С. И., Поврозник Н. Г. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2016. Т. 7. № 51. С. 1-12.

History-oriented systems are becoming more and more important element of the information environment of historical science and education. The article deals with the status and trends of history-oriented systems on the level of concepts, development approaches, content, sources, and other parameters. Several types of systems are characterized. Special attention is paid to the research potential of the resources and their means of instrumental support for various types of historical researches. The electronic catalog "History-oriented information systems" (digitalhistory.ru) was used for the research. The catalog contains more than 800 Russian and foreign resources created in 1990—2015 and about 500 publications.

Added: Aug 12, 2018
Article
Волосюк О. В. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2011.
Added: Feb 27, 2015
Article
Репина Л. П. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2013. № 2.
Added: Jan 22, 2014
Article
Данилевский И. Н. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2013. № 6 (22).

The article deals with the problem of the reconstruction of historical facts as the main task of a historian. The author sees the historical reconstruction based on the various types of information (the unique information, the verified one and the repeated one) as a description the most close to the historical reality.

Added: Nov 28, 2013
Article
Савельева О. О. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2012. № 1(9). С. 22-23.

In this article the author addresses the issue of advertisement creating a special time display that does not portray the actual everyday realty. Instead, it shows people's perception of their desired reality in a given era. One of such 'desired realities' is the historical past. The paper offers a classification of such references to 'historic motives' in creation of advertising content. Multiple examples are analysed.

Added: Nov 22, 2012
Article
Данилевский И. Н. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2013. № 6 (22).

The article deals with the problem of three different types of historical information (the unique information, the verified one and the repeated one), the features of their textological analysis and their use in historical studies.

Added: Nov 28, 2013
Article
Савельева И. М. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2013. № 2 (18).
Added: Apr 15, 2014
Article
Румянцева М. Ф., Маловичко С. И. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2016. № 10 (54). С. 00-00.

The problem of correlation between the two types of historical knowledge – scientific and socially oriented – are considered through the opposition of two tendencies in the historical knowledge of 20 – early 21 century – fragmentation and the crisis of narrative/renarrativization. The study is realized on the basis of neo-classical phenomenological concept of historical knowledge and in relating of explication the strategies of history with the types of rationality / models of science. It is shown that at the turn of XX-XXI centuries the rapidly unfolding during the twentieth century the process of fragmentation of scientific historical knowledge, manifested in the formation of new disciplines/subdisciplines historical sciences, scientific areas and subject fields, is in clear contradiction with the process of renarrativization – the desire of a socially oriented history once again to take the form of large-scale – up to global history – narrative.

Added: Mar 9, 2018
Article
Бойцов М. А. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2013. № 6 (22).

One of the first more or less extensive Russian official accounts, describing Muscovite embassies to European courts, depicts the mission of Vladimir Plemiannikov and Istoma Maloy to Emperor Maximilian I in 1517. Its reliability can now be examined anew due to several documents recently found (or reassessed) in state archives in Moscow and Innsbruck. This documentary evidence reveals the official report of the ambassadors to be not ingenuous and complete description of all relevant events (as it presents itself on the first glance) but rather a sophisticated construct. The authors' specific narrative strategy was based on selectivity of their account (where dubious episodes were omitted) and accentuation of those sides of their activity, that could show them in the most favourable light (as most devoted and skilful servants) in the eyes of the Grand Duke and his counsellors.

Added: Nov 16, 2013
Article
Дадыкина М. М. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2017. Т. 8. № 5(59). С. 00-00.

This article presents the results of the codicological study of account books one of the salt enterprises at Sol Vychegodskaya that belonged to the Spaso-Prilutsky monastery. The methodological approach combines the techniques of formulary, paleographical and watermark analysis with the methodology of micro-historical research. This approach allowed us to identify the impact of different practices and groups of factors — personal, local, and Central to the nature of record keeping. The books cover a time of economic recovery in 1640s, in which salt production and trade have played an important role, reflected the complexity of the processes occurring at this time in the country.

Added: Nov 8, 2017
Article
Афанасьева А. Э. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2014. № 10 (33).
Added: Jan 19, 2015
Article
Евстафьев Д. Г., Цыганова Л. А. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2019. № 4(78). С. ---.
Added: Jul 21, 2019
Article
Уваров П. Ю. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2018. Т. 9. № 9(73). С. 00-00.
Added: Mar 3, 2019
Article
Левин Ф. Е. Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История". 2020. Т. 96. № 10. С. 1-29.

The case of early modern Ireland exemplifies that state building in early modern Europe was also a product of discursive struggle, in which different sides in the attempt to take advantage of new opportunities appealed to the available discourse of legitimation. In 1570, as a result of intensification of the processes of the conquest of Ireland internal conflicts came to the fore. The reflection   on the issue of governance in Ireland manifested itself in the emerging discourses and counter-discourses of power. Three types of discourses can be identified: the discourse of the deputyship, the discourse of the entire administrative apparatus during the period of consensus with lord deputies, and the discourse of Catholic nobility and gentry. Generally, the discourse of Irish administrative apparatus of Ireland was future-oriented and more depersonalized in which the apparatus of government was distinct from the political community. Conservative counter-discourse which emerged in response to the processes of displacement emphasized seigneurial model of royal power, consensual models of government and justified chosenness of Irish elite to govern the kingdom. In this traditional discourse office-holding was woven into the fabric of society since governing was the social role of the nobility and gentry.

 

Added: Oct 21, 2019