In the paper the author presents the comparative analysis of legal status of the subsidiary bodies providing activity of the head of state in the USA and France, defines the features of realization of competence of these structures, points out the directions of evolution of competence and problems existing in the field.
Standard basis of information legal relations in the sphere of civil control is the right to information. Carriers of this right are subjects of civil control. That because data on activity of government bodies, and other objects of civil control, have to be transparent for the persons intending to exercise civil control.
In the article the author given the state of modern political and legal system analyzes the concept and essence of sovereignty, and highlights its political and legal perspective. Special attention is paid to characteristic political and legal sovereignty and their interrelationships. The author formulates the definition of "sovereignty", "political sovereignty", "legal sovereignty".
Author analyzes the legal nature of forming of the extraordinary powers of Russian president. The key theoretical concepts is described in this article. Author sets great store by Constitutional Court practice that designs the extraordinary powers institute.