The article discusses the logic of constructing a problem-situational case-study aimed at the formation of ideas on modeling of developing living systems as a method of scientific knowledge among students of humanitarian faculties. Questions and tasks for the task are selected in such a way for studying natural science material, such components of critical thinking develop as creative, rational, logical, reflective and metacognitive thinking.
In conditions of intense spatial transformation of Moscow agglomeration (MA), driven by housing construction and migration from Russian regions to MA, urgent task is to build a integrated model of key economic and spatial drivers and outcomes of the transformation. In the article a new model of spatial equilibrium in MA is developed. The model includes three modules: 1) spatial equilibrium model for labour and housing markets in MA; 2) model of dynamic equilibrium between migration and housing construction in MA; 3) model of distribution of housing construction by zones of MA. In the first module equilibrium values of the population, employment and wages are predicted for concentric zones of MA (central business district – CBD, urban zone and zone of new construction). In the second module the equilibrium between migration from Russian regions to MA and new housing construction is shown. The deviation from equilibrium leads to an adjustment of incentives for migration, change of migration flows and finally rebalancing of equilibrium and reproducing of real income gap between MA and other Russian regions. The module 3 describes distribution of housing construction by concentric zones of MA, providing equal profitability of development projects due to adjustment of land prices. Despite the rather generic nature of the model, it is already able to reproduce several trends in spatial evolution of the MA in recent decades, especially the transition from extensive development phase with the spread of urban area in the Moscow suburbs in oil spot fashion and hyper-dense development of CBD, to intensive phase with in-depth development of the main “body” of the city. The model stresses how closely are integrated processes in the largest agglomeration (of Russia and in the national settlement system. The model shows how the political and economic processes through changes in rents and agglomeration effect change incentives for work, life and construction in different areas of MA and form the fate of different urban territories. The model describes the reverse side of the coin, how interregional migration is affected by the internal structure of the Moscow agglomeration. When making decision on the promotion of housing construction, especially largescale economy-class greenfield projects of on the periphery of agglomeration, the city implicitly accepts the decision to increase migration from Russian regions, affecting the national system of settlement in Russia.
Should manager consider time value of money within modern models of inventory management? Which will be the right decision from all accessible possibilities? The article provides the idea, that aspects and attributes of such choice can be correlated with efficiency indicators of mentioned systmes and will be dependend on goals of optimization. Provided pictures have to exclude finally all possible doubts in format of consideration of money flows in real supply chains within inventory management.
The analyses is concerned with the population changes in Central Russia according to the last two population census data.
In various comparisons between Individual Psychology and Humanistic Psychology similarities in the concept of man are seen. Furthermore the connections in the life history between Adler, the founder of Individual Psychology, and Maslow and Rogers, the two most important persons in Humanistic Psychology are shown here; Adler even was their teacher in New York in a certain extent. Theoretical convergences and divergences between the both edifices of ideas are reviewed and on the basis of concrete statements Adler's role as a guiding intellectual force of the movement of Humanistic Psychology and Person-centered Approach is pointed out. Finally the growing discussion about efforts for integration between the different therapeutic approaches will be examined.
The problems of Climate Change and phenology are discussed
This article describes the substance of forms, tools and principals of functioning of the technical-and-economic audit. It's innovation theoretical and practical activity for modern global economics. There are peculiarities and examples of organization of the internal audit for mining industry for the previous stage of this system establishment in Russia. Fundamental tendencies of the improvement and development for this system are proposed.
The character of the change of stickness of clay rocks depending on their mineralogical composition and moisture has been described in the article. The results of the influence of the amino complexes on the frost heave of the clay rocks were achieved. The new technology allows using toxic wastes of chemical and metallurgical for the syntesis of no toxic amino complex compounds (ACN) in order to improve the properties of the road surfaces.
Principal possibilities of creation of industrial systems with high degree of an effective use of raw material and the power resources providing reception of qualitative products with the minimum cost price and with almost total absence of emissions of ecologically dangerous components in atmosphere and hydrosphere are considered.
In the article results of K.Rogers psychotherapeutic speech intent-analysis realized by authors purposely to describe general psychological foundations of speech psychotherapeutic activity, studying it's intentional plan, revealing of therapist speech intentional specificity are presented. Existing views on intentionality concept are shown, intention bases of psychotherapeutic discourse which according to authors are determined by base aims of concrete therapeutic method are analyzed. Methods and stages of research are described. As an object of research С.Rogers therapeutic cases illustrating his professional work during different periods of his life are selected. Psychotherapist speech intensions dictionary made during research process and also their classification are resulted. The result of the research is comparative analysis of intentional characteristics of Rogers speech.
Brain-computer interfaces find application in a number of different areas and have the potential to be used for research as well as for practical purposes. The clinical use of BCI includes current studies on neurorehabilitation ([Frolov et al., 2013; Ang et al., 2010]), and there is the prospect of using BCI to restore movement and communication capabilities, providing alternative effective pathways to those that may be lost due to injury or illness. The processing of electrophysiological data requires analysis of high-dimensional, nonstationary, noisy signals reflecting complex underlying processes and structures. We have shown that for non-invasive neuroimaging methods such as EEG the potential improvement lies in the field of machine learning and involves designing data analysis algorithms that can model physiological and psychoemotional variability of the user. The development of such algorithms can be conducted in different ways, including the classical Bayesian paradigm as well as modern deep learning architectures. The interpretation of nonlinear decision rules implemented by multilayer structures would enable automatic and objective knowledge extraction from the neurocognitive experiments data. Despite the advantages of non-invasive neuroimaging methods, a radical increase in the bandwidth of the BCI communication channel and the use of this technology for the prosthesis control is possible only through invasive technologies. Electrocorticogram (ECoG) is the least invasive of such technologies, and in the final part of this work we demonstrate the possibility of using ECoG to decode the kinematic characteristics of the finger movement.
It is offered a new environmentally friendly technology of use of wastes from the enterprises of chemical and metallurgical industries for synthesis of multipurpose non-toxic amino complex compounds (ACC), and also a new technology of melioration of high moisture clay soil by adding of ACC.
The study of the indices of developmental homeostasis in natural populations leads to the definition of the fundamentals of population developmental biology, which is associated with the assessment of the nature of phenotypic diversity and the mechanisms of population dynamics and microevolutionary changes. Characterization of environmental quality based on the assessment of population status by developmental homeostasis determines the fundamentals of the health of environment concept. The use of the ideas of developmental homeostasis and the health of environment in the studies of homeostatic mechanisms of biological systems of different levels (from the organism and population to the community and ecosystem) is promising. This gives new opportunities for understanding the mechanisms that provide sustainability and their ratio at different levels as well as for the characterization of ontogenetic stability significance. The notion of developmental homeostasis, or homeorhesis, is promising for the elaboration of the ecological and biological basics of sustainable development.