The article contains an analytical survey of key reforms in public administration in Russia: administrative reform and reform of public service. All reform tools are analyzed from the point of view of technological approach, encouragement of public institutions development and traditional for Russia way of control of heads and authorities of executive bodies. Perspectives and success of reforms are examined through four strategies: Inertia, Mobilization, Rentier and Modernization.
The paper analyzes changes in job opportunities of older workers in Russia in the period 2005—2017. The study uses the data from the Russian Labor Force Survey conducted by Rosstat. Changes in the occupational and industrial composition of elderly workers follow the trends pursued by other age groups: employment shifts from low- to high-skilled occupations, from physical to intellectual labor, and from material production to the service sector. We find a stronger polarization among older workers as their occupational structure is biased in favor of, on the one hand, the most and, on the other hand, the least qualified types of jobs. Employment of the elderly has fallen sharply in agriculture and manufacturing with a significant increase in trade, education, and health. Although the employment structure of older workers is generally more “traditionalist”, recent decades have witnessed its transformation in “progressive” directions, similarly to other age groups. These findings suggest that the legislated increase in the state retirement age is not likely to give rise to sizeable unemployment among the elderly. Most of them will be able to work in the occupations and industries previously dominated by young and prime-age workers.
The paper examines the capacity of further development of the targeted social support programs in Russia. The analysis shows the position of this income-tested social assistance in the federal and regional social support systems. On the basis of the revealed barriers to the income-tested programs three directions of changes necessary to their further promotion are suggested.
O. Obraztsova, A. Chepurenko The Development of Russian Private Entrepreneurship in Cross-country Comparison The article summarizes the first results of the participation of the Russian research team in the international comparative project Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) in 2006-2007. The most important parameters and stages of early entrepreneurial activity and established business in Russia and the group of other participating GEM-countries are described. Some findings concerning the relationship between the population's entrepreneurial activity and the level of national economic development are formulated.
The role of prominent Soviet economist academician A. Anchishkin explores in the article, the 80th anniversary of whose birth we celebrate, in the development of ideas and the formation of economic forecasting in the country at the time when the directive planning acted as a leading tool of economic management. Besides, the special role of A. Anchishkin noted in developing a comprehensive program of scientific and technical progress, an information basis for the development of long-term forecasts for the development of the country, moreover, his contribution to the creation of long-term forecasting methodology and improvement of the statistical basis for economic analysis and economic planning. The authors show that the development of social and economic forecasting in the period after 1991, which has undertaken a number of functions of economic planning, largely relied on the further development of A. Anchishkin's ideas, at the same time responding to the new challenges of developing the Russian economy during its entry into the world economic system.
Inflation targeting in Russia implies maintaining stable low inflation at a level of 4% throughout the country. The presence of structural factors in some regions can determine deviations from the all-Russian inflation, which can lead to different effects of monetary policy in Russian regions. In this paper, we analyze regional heterogeneity of inflation and factors of inflation deviations from the national average, estimate structural levels of inflation in the regions of Russian Federation. These estimates confirm the presence of some regional factors of inflation deviations from the all-Russian indicator, such as the difference in productivity growth of the tradable and non-tradable sectors (Balassa—Samuelson effect), effective exchange rates, real incomes and product stocks. In addition, our results confirm the presence of regions with price growth rate above and below monetary policy target. The results of this research can be used for the development of monetary and communication policies.
The authors analize patterns of development of regulation and supervision in the financial markets on a sample of 50 countries. The calcblations show that a new model of regin integreted system of prudential supervision and regulation in Russia on the basis of the Bank of Russia does not fully take into account the level of development of institutional investors and creates risks of excessive administrative pressure on non-bank financial institutions.
This paper analyzes the basic parameters of monetary development in 2000-2015 in Russia. We provide the systematization of tools and objectives of monetary policy of the Bank of Russia and identify the periods of homogeneity of monetary policy regimes. On the basis of this research we develop the recommendations for further quantitative research aimed at estimation of monetary policy effects in Russia.
The article is devoted to the analysis the effectiveness of the budget spending on the development of military-industrial complex in Russia. The authors assess the impact of re-industrialization policy on the competitiveness of the Russian economy. The research methodology is in the frames of the structural analysis. We investigate the Russian defense industry, basing on the statistics of the federal budget expenditures on national defense, as well as the expertise of government weapons programs. The authors conclude that the implementation of the re-industrialization policy should be perfarmed instead of the eliminating effect of hindering economic development factors. This will mean a policy of supporting inefficient industries and sectors.