In article mass ideas of Russians on justice in comparison with similar representations of citizens of the USA, Germany and China are investigated. Having placed ideas of justice in the general ideological context, the author allocates their speciﬁcs both in consistently liberal, and in consistently right authoritative zones. It is noted that many estimates don't oppose to their transfer to the left ideological space. Thus today it is impossible to deﬁne, what tendency in Russia will win – authoritative or democratic.
The article discusses theoretical economic approaches to the competition advocacy concept. Competition advocacy activities are not completely opposed to the enforcement activities of competition authority. Competition advocacy is analyzed through the prism of informal institutions, mechanisms of rules adaptation, tools of persuasion, mechanisms for such beliefs formation (shared values).
The author compares the processes of economic development in the countries of the West and the East. The ratio in GDP growth, levels of per capita GDP both in the past and in the present time are analyzed. The article forecasts further development of Russia in whatever way (inertia, authoritarian or deepening of reforms) will elect the country.
The artical presents a comparitive analysis of three main aaproaches underlaing the complex of instruments used in different countries to support arts and culture. The approach viewing culture as a patronized good corresponds to naternalistic model of the support for culture, the model implies making compensation of the objectively defiend revenue deficit in cultural instititions with the aid of budgetary allocations. Viewing culture as a factor of human capital development entails investment model to support cultural sector. The investment model means increacing government investment in the humainitarian field to ensure the transition to the innovation and knowledge-based economy and to sustainable social and economic growth. The third model views culture as core of creative economy and corresponds to the stimulating support model. The stimulating model implies creating conditions for the creative industries development and creative class attraction, providing international competitiveness of the nations and cities in the global economy. The system of the support measures in analyzed for each of these approuches, using Russian and international practoce.
The objective of paper is comparative analysis of four examples participation of expert communities in decision making processes of different kinds. In framework of traditional policy decisions and prognostics experts are understood as kind of ‗devises‘, which readings can be optimizing by deferent methodic, and politician – committer of expertize - interesting in public goods only. In the analysis of expertise in foreign affairs the different objectives for commitment of expertise are in focus of researches, as well as possibility of active position of experts. In framework of conception of humanitarian expertise active, civic position of experts is the main feature of experts. Finally, experts – members of methodological movement, followers of Georg Schedrovitskiy - are active include not in process of decision preparation only, but in implementation of joint created decisions.