The article shows that the educational level of Russian workers is quite high though the overwhelming majority of them do not have professional education for their job or education in adjacent areas (except for training directly at a workplace). Moreover, they do not seek professional training and do not attempt to receive it in any way. It is shown that all these features have intensified in recent years. The key factors for these negative developments are institutional, primarily - insignificance at the national scale of duration of workers' training or level of professionalism for the level of their wages. Only high education has positive impact on workers' wage rate - it serves for the employer as a marker of their socialization level, because obtained specialty during education does not correspond to a profile of their job for the large majority of them. The fall of the value of professionalism and the de-professionalization not only of workers but also of other Russian employees, which is actively developing now in Russia under the slogans of transition to competency-based approach, leads to the gradual loss of professionalism values in national production culture. However, it would be incorrect to see the situation developing in the ield of the human capital of workers only in black color, since a third of them have the pronounced ability for training and retraining, and under competent public policy this part of workers are capable to act as a cadre reserve for country's technological breakthrough.
In article mass ideas of Russians on justice in comparison with similar representations of citizens of the USA, Germany and China are investigated. Having placed ideas of justice in the general ideological context, the author allocates their speciﬁcs both in consistently liberal, and in consistently right authoritative zones. It is noted that many estimates don't oppose to their transfer to the left ideological space. Thus today it is impossible to deﬁne, what tendency in Russia will win – authoritative or democratic.
The article discusses theoretical economic approaches to the competition advocacy concept. Competition advocacy activities are not completely opposed to the enforcement activities of competition authority. Competition advocacy is analyzed through the prism of informal institutions, mechanisms of rules adaptation, tools of persuasion, mechanisms for such beliefs formation (shared values).
The author compares the processes of economic development in the countries of the West and the East. The ratio in GDP growth, levels of per capita GDP both in the past and in the present time are analyzed. The article forecasts further development of Russia in whatever way (inertia, authoritarian or deepening of reforms) will elect the country.