Summary Objective of the Paper: To find ways to meet the need for specifying terminology and developing a format to describe knowledge in specific subject areas (SA) that will be effective, easily-accessible and clear for both people and programs. This is related to terms, their relationships, models of ECG devices, filters, etc. Key Points: The use of ontology facilitates the following: - a repeated use of knowledge in SA; - a differentiation of the knowledge related to SA from operational knowledge; - a shared general understanding of the information structure among people and programs. An ontology carefully developed for one SA can then be used in other SAs. Moreover, several existent ontologies describing some subdomains of a large SA can be integrated when it is required to create a big ontology. Conclusion: Any SA can have countless ontologies, as each new ontology is just another way to structure concepts and their relationships. Modern doctors must be able to use medical information technologies in their everyday practices, which help them to not waste time on routine calculations and save time and energy for solving current problems. Keywords: electrocardiogram (ECG), telemedicine, ontology, SCP-ECG, OWL.
This article elaborates upon the paper by O. Tretyak and D. Klimanov published in the Russian Management Journal vol. 14, issue 1. It demonstrates a practical application of the approach to business model (BM) analysis and change management, developed by the authors and based on organizational networks theory. The study is devoted to the example of Russian pharmaceutical market and the international manufacturing company that specializes in ophthalmology, medical aesthetics and neurosciences. The results obtained are based on a number of expert interviews with the representatives of company management. In line with three suggested levels of BM analysis, the authors conducted a sequence of procedures that allowed not only to highlight the specifics of the approach and clarify it, but also to offer concrete directions for BM change in order to increase the value that is jointly created by BM actors for the final consumer.
In the study the mathematical analysis of viruses reproduction in cell culture using the Marchuk' mathematical model to predict reproduction of virus in one or another cell cultures has been conducted. The obtained theoretical results are corresponded to the experimental data on reproduction od rubella virus in cell cultures of RK-13 and BHK-21. The sum of theoretical and experimental results can be used to select the optimal cell cultures for virus cumulation.
It is shown that chronic stress contributes to the formation development of emotional stress in health care workers and is a component of the burnout syndrome. On the formation of the latter affect individual personality characteristics, the nature of interpersonal relations and factors of the organization of professional activity. Used by many researchers evaluation of professional burnout syndrome are considered regardless of the physiological characteristics, which complicates the interpretation of study results, and introduces an element of subjectivity. It is shown that annual survey is necessary to supplement dispensary studies of autonomic tone of the cardiovascular system, identifying risk factors that would more accurately diagnose the syndrome of professional burnout. The proposed set of methods to determine the severity of occupational stress, the peculiarities of its formation and main elements of the pathogenesis of psycho-vegetative disorders. Offered the practical recommendations in the form of implementation in hospitals of prevention of chronic occupational stress. The latter consisting of diagnostic and preventive steps, on which the activities of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention at the individual, interpersonal and organizational level, which significantly reduces the severity of professional stress of physicians and improve their professional longevity.
The problem of motor vehicle injuries in Russia nowadays is a common topic of discussion. Motor vehicle accidents as a cause of death are among the most significant causes of premature mortality in Russia. Motor vehicle accidents, the cause of 26,977 deaths in 2013, are an important public health problem, the leading cause of death among young working-age people. In addition to these deaths, annually about 250 thousand people are seriously injured and need hospital treatment. This puts a serious burden on the healthcare system, which must provide medical care for injuries while at the same time solving other priority problems. This paper is devoted to an analysis of the statistical sources of information about road traffic accidents in Russia. The author analyzes Russian and international approaches to the organization of statistics about road traffic accidents. An evaluation is presented of the undercounting of road traffic accidents with injured people and the underestimation of its impact in Russia. Recommendations are made on how to record and compare information from different sources about road traffic accidents.
The paper considers a possibility for an application of innovative competitive positioning for private medical clinics in low price segment - "medical clinics un the field of trade retail" or "supermarkets' clinics", ut also considers specifics of such an application. The authors study the possibility of developing a new format of medical services in the segment of primary health and emergency care. The target audience will be youth and young professionals with low level of income and do not have permanent health care provider. They also have no chronic disearses.
The problem aspects of a ban of treatment of drug addiction by Substitution Therapy are considered in this article. The margin of appreciation in regulation of treatment of drug addiction and approach for constructive dialogue between supporters and opponents of Substitution Therapy are shown in this work.