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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 600
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Article
Шайтан К. В., Шайтан А. К., Багров Д. В. и др. Наноструктуры. Математическая физика и моделирование. 2013. Т. 9. № 2. С. 33-74.

The methods and algorithms of XFEL data analysis for protein molecules are discussed. Experimental data on the structure and spatial distribution of the electron density in biomacromolecules and their complexes, algorithms, data analysis and integration of X-ray scattering, electron microscopy and molecular modeling techniques to study the structure and dynamics of biological macromolecules and their complexes are discussed as well.

Added: Jan 15, 2014
Article
Александров Ю.И., Сварник О., Знаменская И. и др. Вопросы психологии. 2017. № 3. С. 80-91.

Alcoholism as a cause of regression in learning and in pro-social behavior

 

Alexandrov Yu.I., Svarnik O.Ye., Znamenskaya I.I., Arutiunova K.R., Kolbeneva M.G., Krylov A.K., Bulava A.N. 

Despite a long history of the notion of regression, its manifestations and mechanisms are still poorly researched, specific experimental studies are rare, points of view conflict. A study was conducted to discover dynamics of subjective experience and brain activity lying at the foundation of phenomena described as regression and observed in seemingly heterogeneous phenomena, such as stress, illness, violent emotions, alcoholic intoxication. The paper discusses the notion of regression from different angles, including the systemic evolutionary approach, and analyzes its potential brain and neuroenetic mechanisms. It has been experimentally proved that a high degree of alcoholic intoxication causes regression brought about by reverse de-differentiation: a relative increase of representation of lowly differentiated systems in actual experience.In experimental situations of learning in animals lowered activation of neurons of the first (drinking) skill was observed in the process of development of the second (eating) skill. In order to discover effects of alcohol on the general pattern of moral judgements the authors analyzed dynamics of the index of moral acceptance of the death of one for the sake of many. Complexity of behavior is simplified under alcohol and individual differences in pro-social behavior become less expressed. Findings demonstrate similarities in assessments of socially meaningful actions under alcohol, which, the authors believe, points to the effect of alcohol as “de-differentiator” causing regression. The effects may be linked to the general mechanism of reversible de-differentiation which determines repression of a number of systems (and, consequently, of activity of a number of neurons) in the most differentiated “complex” systems. This simplification may be linked to accelerated learning and also to the fact that organization of behavior becomes more uniform.

Added: Jan 30, 2018
Article
Новикова Е. М. Наноструктуры. Математическая физика и моделирование. 2012. Т. 7. № 2. С. 87-102.
Added: Dec 22, 2012
Article
Новикова Е. М. Наноструктуры. Математическая физика и моделирование. 2012. Т. 7. № 1. С. 107-124.
Added: Nov 18, 2012
Article
Павлова Е. Б. Неприкосновенный запас. Дебаты о политике и культуре. 2012. № 1(81). С. 111-122.
Added: Dec 13, 2012
Article
Грушин В. В. Наноструктуры. Математическая физика и моделирование. 2012. Т. 7. № 2. С. 17-44.
Added: Dec 24, 2012
Article
Коробова Н. Л. Энергоэффективность и энергосбережение. 2013. № 1-2. С. 58-61.
Added: Oct 22, 2014
Article
Петрухин Н. С., Пелиновский Е. Н., Бацына Е. К. Геомагнетизм и аэрономия. 2012. Т. 52. № 6. С. 854-860.
The vertical wave propagation in an inhomogeneous compressible atmosphere is studied in the framework of a linear theory. Under specific conditions imposed on atmospheric parameters, solutions can be found in the form of propagating waves with variable amplitudes and wave numbers that do not reflect in the atmosphere in spite of its strong inhomogeneity. Model representations for the sound speed have been found, for which waves can propagate in the atmosphere without reflection. A wave energy flux retains these reflectionless profiles, which confirms that energy can be transferred to high altitudes. The number of these model representations is fairly large, which makes it possible to approximate real vertical distributions of the sound speed in the Earth’s atmosphere using piecewise reflectionless profiles. The Earth’s standard atmosphere is shown to be well approximated by four reflectionless profiles with weak jumps in the sound speed gradient. It has been established that the Earth’s standard atmosphere is almost completely transparent for the considered vertical acoustic waves in a wide range offrequencies, which is confirmed by observational data and conclusions derived using numerical solutions of original equations.
Added: Nov 9, 2012
Article
Назипова Н. Н., Исаев Е. А., Корнилов В. В. и др. Математическая биология и биоинформатика. 2017. Т. 12. № 1. С. 102-119.
Added: Mar 3, 2017
Article
Никогосян К. С., Павлюк С. Г. Городские исследования и практики. 2017. Т. 2. № 3. С. 43-63.

Broadway is the most famous street of New York City. It follows the island of Manhattan along its whole length and through many of its vernacular regions. Field research of functional, social-economic, architectural and mental differentiation of the street from Bowling Green to 142 Street in Spanish Harlem shaped the methods of linear zoning and revealed 16 unique regions in the researched segment. These regions turned out to be functional, but their borders and composition are based on the vernacular regions of Manhattan. It appears that Broadway, as a major trade and social thruway, forms the surrounding urban landscape. But the role of vernacular regions, through which street passes, remains important and sometimes even crucial.

Added: Oct 1, 2018
Article
Федотова А. А., Лоскутова М. В. Известия Русского географического общества. 2013. Т. 145. № 6. С. 52-65.
Added: Dec 4, 2013
Article
Астахова Т. В., Лобанов М. Н., Поверенная И. В. и др. Биофизика. 2012. Т. 57. № 2. С. 205-211.

Verification of the PREFAB database containing golden standard protein alignments was performed. It has revealed a significant number of differences between the sequences from PREFAB and PDB databases. It was shown that, compared with the sequences given in the PDB, 575 alignments referred to a sequence with a gap; such alignments were excluded. Furthermore, compared with the PDB sequences, single substitutions or insertions were found for 440 amino acid sequences from PREFAB; these sequences were edited. SCOP domain analysis has shown that only 502 alignments in the resulting set contain sequences from the same family. Finally, eliminating duplicates, we have created a new golden standard alignment database PREFAB P based on PREFAB; the PREFAB P database contains 581 alignments.  

Added: Jul 18, 2012
Article
Куричев Н. К., Куричева Е. К. Известия РАН. Серия географическая. 2018. № 1. С. 5-20.

Housing construction in Moscow agglomeration is a key mechanism stimulating migration inflow because it forms a downward pressure on housing prices, which are the most important barrier for migration. Positive feedback between extensive way of development of the Moscow agglomeration and migration inflow into the capital region stimulates hyperconcentration of the population and economic activity. Theoretical analysis shows that there is equilibrium between housing construction and migration inflow to the Moscow region. According to our estimates, in the 2000-s the relation of migration inflow to housing construction volume (capability of the Moscow agglomeration to accumulate migration) has halved in comparison to the 1990s. Mathematical modeling and empirical data show that this shift was determined by the increase in natural rent distributed in Russia and in agglomeration economies in other major cities of the country. Especially favorable for migration inflow is oil-spot-style extensive way of development of the agglomeration due to the dominance of large greenfield projects of affordable housing in the 30-km zone outside the Moscow Ring Road in housing construction. It is shown that the development of this zone is a key regulator of the migration balance at the national level. Extensive way of development is subsidized by the government through multiple channels, primarily investments in transport infrastructure, what contradicts official goals of the regional policy and the government efforts to mitigate interregional inequality through the fiscal redistribution.

Added: Sep 24, 2019
Article
Беспалов П. А., Савина О. Н. Письма в Астрономический журнал. 2008. Т. 34. № 5. С. 378-386.

The generalized Wiedemann-Franz law for a nonisothermal quasi-neutral plasma with developedion-acoustic turbulence and Coulomb collisions has been proven. The results obtained are used  to explain the anomalously low thermal conductivity in the chromosphere-corona transition region of the solar atmosphere. Model temperature distributions in the lower corona and the transition region that correspond to well-known experimental data have been determined. The results obtained are useful for explaining the abrupt change in turbulent-plasma temperature at distances smaller than the particle mean free path.

Added: Dec 12, 2012
Article
Родин А., Родина Н., Куркин А. А. и др. Известия РАН. Физика атмосферы и океана. 2019. Т. 55. № 4. С. 82-86.

The influence of nonlinear interaction of oppositely directed nonlinear waves in a shallow basin is studied theoretically and numerically within the nonlinear theory of shallow water. It is shown that this interaction leads to a change in the phase of propagation of the main wave, which is forced to propagate along the flow induced by the oncoming wave. The estimates of the undisturbed wave height at the time of interaction agree with the theoretical predictions. The phase shift during the interaction of undisturbed waves is sufficiently small, but becomes noticeable in the case of the propagation of breaking waves.

Added: Oct 30, 2019
Article
Логвенков С. А., Штейн А. А. Российский журнал биомеханики. 2013. Т. 17. № 4. С. 47-57.

The mathematical modelling is performed to study the effect of the permeability of the Casparian bands to water and solutes on the formation of the root pressure. It is shown that the pressure in the xylem vessels which stops the flow across a root cut (root pressure) decreases with increase in the permeability of the Casparian bands to solutes at a fixed hydraulic conductivity. However, if the Casparian bands are permeable to water alone and impermeable to solutes, then changes in the root pressure changes are not observed.

Added: Jan 30, 2014
Article
Буторина С. А., Котов Е. А. Городские исследования и практики. 2016. Т. 1. № 3. С. 69-85.

The article analyses the effects of new transport infrastructure on transport systems of the 2018 FIFA World Cup host cities. The choice of cities is based on the scale of planned transport infrastructure – Saransk, Kaliningrad and Ekaterinburg experienced substantial interventions. Analysis is conducted using open spatial data on population and street networks. All interventions in transport infrastructure were evaluated in terms of their effectiveness and usefulness for the cities after the 2018 FIFA World Cup – scale of improvements in street network connectivity and accessibility of key places in the cities. We identified that investments into new transport infrastructure of Saransk seems to be the most effective in terms of future use. We demonstrated the feasibility of conducting such analysis using only open data, but also identified some issues and pitfalls.

Added: Mar 3, 2017
Article
Боброва Е. В., Решетникова В., Волкова К. В. и др. Журнал высшей нервной деятельности им. И.П. Павлова. 2017. Т. 67. № 4. С. 485-492.
Added: Oct 20, 2017