Based on the data from population surveys by Yuri Levada Analytical Center requested by HSE in 2011 and 2017, the article focuses on the tendencies and peculiarities of physical activity of the Russian young males and females from 16 to 24 years of age at the current stage. Empirical analysis has revealed the correlation between physical activity of respondents of both genders and such indicators as the subjective estimation of self-rated health, smoking, employment status, household income. At the same time, the analysis has not yielded the direct correlation between physical activity of the young Russians and their level of education, individual income and marital status. The governments of many countries have chosen a path of implementing the programs of lifestyle activation for the youth. The article contains the analysis of the globally spread measures of public policy aimed at stimulating the youth to engage in physical activity and sports. The article also stresses the most effective of those measures including national programs, informational guidelines, social advertisements, support through grants, development of sports infrastructure, and urban environment. The findings have facilitated proposing a range of recommendations for the public policy of the Russian Federation targeting lifestyle activation of the youth.
The article is based on the results of the research of community funds. Community funds are non-profitable organizations. Community funds accumulate and distribute the recourses donated to them by the commercial sector, authorities and private philanthropists. The recourses are directed to the community to solve its urgent problems. The article discusses the organizational features of the community funds as well as their specificity as grant-giving organizations. The article characterizes some particularities of the community funds and public authorities’ communications, and it also shows the influence that the economic crisis of 2009 has on their performance. The community fund technology is an alternative mechanism to increase efficiency of the state and municipal social sphere management. The community funds develop forms of social activity and civil participation due to the engagement of groups of philanthropists and citizens. Processes of philanthropy institutionalizing take place. The role of the community funds as support instruments to provide life quality, its social and economic elements on a certain territory, increases in situation of economic crisis.
Public health is mainly dependent on the lifestyle and habits adopted by the population. However, Russians traditionally don’t pay enough attention to the healthy lifestyle, as compared with other nations. Last two decades in Russia were marked by an increasing number of young smokers, alcohol abusers as well as the obese. This paper examines the youth’s attitudes towards smoking, alcohol abuse, nutrition and physical activity as the main elements of an individual lifestyle. We show how different factors impact young people’s choice of a lifestyle. The policy measures to stimulate a responsible behavior among young Russians are discussed.
The article says about the necessity to create an eff ective structure to counteract corruption. It should be based on the prevention principle, the absence of which is believed to be making it signifi cantly diffi cult to fi ght corruption in our country. Having analyzed the world experience in this fi eld, the author says that this structure can include some components which are capable to increase effi - ciency of the fi ght against corruption for a long period of time.
The institution of instructions practiced in state governance is analyzed. The legal basis of the so called «manual control» is explained.
The article deals with the evolution of the implications and legal regulation of public services in the latest history of Russia. Within the framework of this evolution the institute of public services was actually appearing. It was set up as an instrument to facilitate becoming of the services market in the spheres of the executive power bodies’ activity and to restrain the power strive of such bodies. Understanding the essence of public services as a demand of citizens and their organizations for providing, confirming and changing their rights was formed. The main meaning of the legal regulation evolution in the field of public services was to form mechanisms for improving the quality of such services. Recognizing them as one of the public administration functions by law is going to be a perspective for developing a legal status for public services, according to the authors of the article.
Healthcare professionals’ workforce shortages and recruitment in rural and remote areas continues to be the challenge for all regions in Russia. The aim of the article is to evaluate "Zemsky Doctor" Federal program as well as to identify areas for improvement of current Federal, regional and municipal socio-economic programs and initiatives in order to overcome healthcare professionals’ workforce shortages. Measures of social support and economic incentives for physicians and medical nurses really helps to eliminate medical personnel deficit in rural and remote areas. The authors analyzed experiences of 20 regions with different security characteristics of the budgetary system. The study identified main perspective areas of improvement of regional, local programs and initiatives for healthcare professionals’ recruitment for rural and remote areas. Main perspective areas are target reception, co-financing of professional education and post-university training programs, additional scholarships and benefits, one-time "roll-up" and assistance in solving housing problems, assistance for obtaining postgraduate professional education, additional cash payments on a regular basis for rural physicians and medical nurses, cash prizes for winners of regional, municipal and local healthcare professional competitions, etc. The authors conclude that the administration of regional and municipal programs and initiatives in order to overcome healthcare professionals’ workforce shortages in rural and remote areas should be the separate area of personnel management policy in public health administration.
The article is devoted to a critically important, in the author’s opinion, issue of the ethical regulation of public servants’ o^ cial behavior. He considers the complex of ethical-legal mechanisms as one of the most eb ective ways in order to correct the obviously unsatisfactory current situation of public life in this c eld. As long as it is not only Russia’s trouble and many other countries pay considerable attention to ethical aspects, the author re] ects the situation in the frames of a broader theoretical position and also addresses the international experience. In particular, he gives much attention to Canada, where the ethical regulation of public service is developed su^ ciently well and the country has achieved serious success in this respect. Ethical codes are considered as «moral navigators» in the contemporary complicated world, because vitality and legitimity of a political system much depends on whether political institutions and behavior of high rank public o^ cials correspond to the prevailed public values and ideals, accord with the norms and standards of public morality, or they do not. A degree of public trust to holders of public posts depends critically on it. \ e administrative ethical codes 31 Obolonsky Alexander V. Ethics and responsibility of dib erent levels and the «ethical infrastructure» that provide their fulc llment have been thoroughly analyzed. Special attention is paid to the role of the leader, to moral self-restrictions of public servants and to exercising control over them. \ e balance between moral and legal norms has been considered in details, as well as the modern situation of Russia in this c eld.