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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 305
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Article
Михайловский А. В. Вопросы философии. 2011. № 3. С. 62-72.

The article is concerned with the study of the philosophy of technology of Hans Freyer (1887-1969), who was the fi rst representative of the academic sociology in Germany. His program developed in the essay Towards a philosophy of technology (1929) is discussed as the reactionary modernist response to the cultural criticism of the German Lebensphilosophie (L. Klages, G. Simmel, M. Scheler). From the positions of the sociology of culture and political sociology it aims to integrate the modern technology into the organic life of a modern nation. After the World War II H. Freyer has shifted his heroic-realistic position on technics developing the criticism of industrial society and technocratic modernity which has formed the philosophical discussion on technology in 1950s-70s and infl uenced the Ideologiekritik of the later Frankfurt school. H. Freyer's philosophy of technology is examined in the broader politico-ideological context of the conservative revolution.

Added: Sep 20, 2012
Article
Саликов А. Н., Жаворонков А. Г. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 1. С. 133-145.

The following paper examines the characteristic features and problems of the Russian translations of Hannah Arendt’s works and studies on her philosophy, evaluating the actuality and the future perspectives of the reception of her ideas in Russia. For a long time, Arendt’s name was little known to most Russian readers: first editions of her major works were published in the middle of the 1990s. As of now, most of Arendt’s major works have been translated, although the quality of Russian editions is lacking because of several objective and subjective factors. The situation with the reception of Arendt’s ideas is not less complicated: because of the mostly fragmentary character of Russian Arendt studies and the lack of fundamental publications, her name is still associated with many stereotypes. Although some of Arendt’s concepts are slowly turning obsolete due to methodological reasons, Arendt studies in Russia have good perspectives in the field of political and social philosophy, philosophical anthropology and philosophy of emotion.

Added: Oct 20, 2017
Article
Гуляев Р. В. Вопросы философии. 2015. № 9. С. 103-113.

The article is devoted to the analysis of N.V. Gogol’s novel “Viy” as a representation of his philosophical concepts of evil, human nature and society. We analyze its main character, the only philosopher in Gogol’s works. Thomas Brutus finds himself on the intersection of real world and fantastic reality, which makes him horrified. But we can describe this situation in terms of political philosophy, like Hannah Arendt’s concept of totalitarian society. It is not the reality of horror that deprives Thomas Brutus of the speaking ability and breaks his connection with the rest of society. Instead the society itself chooses not to confront obvious evil but to exclude the hero from its own ranks and to ignore his attempts to tell what is happening.

Added: Oct 25, 2014
Article
Макарова И. В. Вопросы философии. 2002. № 10. С. 156-167.
Added: Oct 26, 2010
Article
Пружинин Б. И. Вопросы философии. 2008. № 5. С. 66-71.
Added: Oct 28, 2010
Article
Носов Д. М. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 4. С. 46-52.
Added: Feb 19, 2014
Article
Фрайер Х. Вопросы философии. 2011. № 3. С. 73-79.
Added: May 13, 2010
Article
Павлов И. И. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 10. С. 122-131.

The paper deals with the polemics of Vasily Rozanov and Nikolay Berdyaev on the metaphysical relation between Christ and the World. The polemics took place in the meetings of Religious-philosophical society in Saint Petersburg. The author inserts this polemics in the context of current debates on the role of metaphysics in post-secular discussions on religion. Rozanov’s reasoning and Berdyaev’s answer are considered not to be an example of ‘exotic’ Russian religious philosophy based on literature and devoid of strict argumentation but rather reflections with certain metaphysical argumentative strategies. The author reconstructs the viewpoints of the philosophers. Rozanov’s report is grounded on the opposition of Christ and the World. Rozanov discovers the contrast between love to Christ and love to the World by demonstrating incompatibility of the Christianity and secular pleasures. Although Rozanov uses stylistic and psychological techniques, he presents his point as the metaphysical one. Therefore, the answer Berdyaev works out is based on metaphysical question. What is the world? Is the world only the actual being, or it is an axiological category? The author examines this argument as the refutation of Rozanov’s point, because the values of the world and Christ cannot be opposed if the category of the world does not content an axiological dimension. In conclusion, the author claims that the main trouble of the polemics is the difference in Rozanov’s and Berdyaev’s interpretation of metaphysics. That is why it is significant to answer what is metaphysics for current debates on religion.

Added: Oct 29, 2019
Article
Драгалина-Черная Е. Г. Вопросы философии. 2020. № 6. С. 146-156.
Added: Apr 3, 2020
Article
Зинченко В. П. Вопросы философии. 2011. № 8. С. 85-97.
Added: Sep 18, 2011
Article
Лексин В. Н. Вопросы философии. 2017. № 1. С. 194-200.
Added: Jan 25, 2019
Article
Тульчинский Г. Л. Вопросы философии. 2018. № 4. С. 22-31.

The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic modernization form for socium. To explain these events, we propose a P.Chaadaev paradox about the prospect of the victory of historically untenable socialism because of the untenable of its opponents. The "Chaadaev factor" content clarified with the help of the concepts of political will and N.Taleb’s "black swans". From this point of view, the society transition into a new state is a matter of a small number of uncompromising people, who are personally interested in the transition, involved in this process. Success comes in the case of simplification of problems and solutions in combination with the accentuated uncompromising minority and sufficient tolerance of the majority, when representatives of this majority have an asymmetry in their choice. The review results are beyond the scope of Russian experience and open up new opportunities for analyzing and solving problems of passionarity and tolerance. For example, if the reciprocity in tolerance conditions will violated, the society may lose immunity in relation to the willful intolerant minority.

Added: Oct 15, 2018
Article
Тульчинский Г. Л. Вопросы философии. 2018. № 12. С. 131-140.

The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic modernization form for socium. To explain these events, we propose a P.Chaadaev paradox about the prospect of the victory of historically untenable socialism because of the untenable of its opponents. The "Chaadaev factor" content clarified with the help of the concepts of political will and N.Taleb’s "black swans". From this point of view, the society transition into a new state is a matter of a small number of uncompromising people, who are personally interested in the transition, involved in this process. Success comes in the case of simplification of problems and solutions in combination with the accentuated uncompromising minority and sufficient tolerance of the majority, when representatives of this majority have an asymmetry in their choice. The review results are beyond the scope of Russian experience and open up new opportunities for analyzing and solving problems of passionarity and tolerance. For example, if the reciprocity in tolerance conditions will violated, the society may lose immunity in relation to the willful intolerant minority.

Added: Feb 8, 2019
Article
Золотухин В. В. Вопросы философии. 2017. № 11. С. 190-199.

The paper is devoted to the study of F. Bouterwek’s philosophy of religion with the accent to his late works. F. Bouterwek is the one of the most important German idealists of the “second line”. The author exposes firstly Bouterwek’s own outerconfessional theistic ideas and, secondly, main points of his Fichte’s and Schelling’s doctrines criticism. As a result, the author of the paper points out following conclusions: 1) Bouterwek’s philosophical system is the most elaborated and developed version of the religious sentimentalism; 2) in respect of the content Bouterwek’s doctrine can be located between Jacobi’s thought and the latest speculative theism; 3) the analysis of religious sentiment by means of the contemporary psychology is an innovation in the religious sentimentalism; 4) the same can be said about the typological analysis of the religious conscience; 5) Bouterwek is the author of the historical outline of theism and pantheism; 6) he also demarcates concepts of faith and religion and, moreover, proposes his own definition of religion; 7) these facts permit to assert that the Bouterwek’s philosophy of religion is an original and important mediator between the classical German idealism and the posterior science of religion.

Added: Sep 29, 2018
Article
Жукова О. А. Вопросы философии. 2016. № 12. С. 111-116.

“History of the Russian State” is a unique phenomenon of Russian culture. Karamzin was the first who had the distinction of returning the flow of Russian history back, as it were, into the river-bed of national life. Through addressing the memory of the people, Karamzin has recreated Russian history within an aesthetic framework of the late Enlightenment and romanticism. According to Karamzin, “History” should rear moral and civil feelings of the Russian people through the study of past events, customs and cultural traditions. Through reading Karamzin, we can understand our native history as a living part of the nation’s spiritual experience, thereby restoring historical consciousness in contemporary Russian society.

Added: Dec 14, 2016
Article
Арендт Х. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 4. С. 53-70.

The philosophical essay “What is Freedom” by Hannah Arendt though modest in extent, serves as a kind of a key deciphering and elucidating the underlying import of her major works written both before and after this essay, namely “The origins of totalitarianism”, “Vita activa”, “On revolution”, “On violence” etc. Arendt analyses such concepts as “freedom of the mind”, “freedom of the will”, showing that the roots of the very phenomenon of freedom lie in the political realm. Freedom is a faculty of man to begin something new, non-existent in this world. It is a capacity to interrupt “automatic” processes in natural as well as political sphere. In the Preface the translator places the questions raised in essay in a wider framework of Hannah Arendt’s work.

Added: Feb 19, 2014
Article
Кантор В. К. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 3. С. 95-104.

In his article, the author tries to figure out how to put together the idea of rational egoism Russian thinker that is reasonable to selfishness, that is the beginning of the personal and impersonal communal idea. He comes to the conclusion that this is the realist view, trying to come not from a science fiction utopian hopes and realities of human life and Russian. As thinkers of the past (Machiavelli, Spinoza) Chernyshevsky believed that self-interest – given, it can not get rid of, but you can redirect to another benefit , pa – reasonable to. I must see their benefit in the benefit You. And the community – a fact of Russia, but this datum is necessary to find mechanisms that turn it into a defender of the individual.

Added: Feb 21, 2014
Article
Порус В. Н. Вопросы философии. 2016. № 7. С. 84-96.

In article the approach to a problem of understanding of the literary text is offered, allowing to transfer its discussion on the ground of philosophy of culture. The typology of understanding of the literary text is offered. The first type: ”understanding” – finding-out or mastering of that sense that is understood. The found out sense becomes an knowledge: to understand the text – the nobility its sense means. The second type: ”understanding” is interpretation, investment with sense. Interpretation is the certificate of creativity initiated by the text, but supported by consciousness of freedom of the subject making this certificate. The third type: ”understanding” is process from sense of the literary text in which the author of the text and the understanding subject participate as equals, involving in this participation all set of cultural factors. The literary text, as well as all art, lives, if its understanding if process with-creation, updating and restoration of its sense does not stop constantly develops, varies.

Added: Sep 17, 2016
Article
Ананьин О. И. Вопросы философии. 1999. № 10. С. 135-151.
Added: May 31, 2009