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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 292
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Article
Тульчинский Г. Л. Вопросы философии. 2018. № 4. С. 22-31.

The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic modernization form for socium. To explain these events, we propose a P.Chaadaev paradox about the prospect of the victory of historically untenable socialism because of the untenable of its opponents. The "Chaadaev factor" content clarified with the help of the concepts of political will and N.Taleb’s "black swans". From this point of view, the society transition into a new state is a matter of a small number of uncompromising people, who are personally interested in the transition, involved in this process. Success comes in the case of simplification of problems and solutions in combination with the accentuated uncompromising minority and sufficient tolerance of the majority, when representatives of this majority have an asymmetry in their choice. The review results are beyond the scope of Russian experience and open up new opportunities for analyzing and solving problems of passionarity and tolerance. For example, if the reciprocity in tolerance conditions will violated, the society may lose immunity in relation to the willful intolerant minority.

Added: Oct 15, 2018
Article
Тульчинский Г. Л. Вопросы философии. 2018. № 12. С. 131-140.

The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic modernization form for socium. To explain these events, we propose a P.Chaadaev paradox about the prospect of the victory of historically untenable socialism because of the untenable of its opponents. The "Chaadaev factor" content clarified with the help of the concepts of political will and N.Taleb’s "black swans". From this point of view, the society transition into a new state is a matter of a small number of uncompromising people, who are personally interested in the transition, involved in this process. Success comes in the case of simplification of problems and solutions in combination with the accentuated uncompromising minority and sufficient tolerance of the majority, when representatives of this majority have an asymmetry in their choice. The review results are beyond the scope of Russian experience and open up new opportunities for analyzing and solving problems of passionarity and tolerance. For example, if the reciprocity in tolerance conditions will violated, the society may lose immunity in relation to the willful intolerant minority.

Added: Feb 8, 2019
Article
Золотухин В. В. Вопросы философии. 2017. № 11. С. 190-199.

The paper is devoted to the study of F. Bouterwek’s philosophy of religion with the accent to his late works. F. Bouterwek is the one of the most important German idealists of the “second line”. The author exposes firstly Bouterwek’s own outerconfessional theistic ideas and, secondly, main points of his Fichte’s and Schelling’s doctrines criticism. As a result, the author of the paper points out following conclusions: 1) Bouterwek’s philosophical system is the most elaborated and developed version of the religious sentimentalism; 2) in respect of the content Bouterwek’s doctrine can be located between Jacobi’s thought and the latest speculative theism; 3) the analysis of religious sentiment by means of the contemporary psychology is an innovation in the religious sentimentalism; 4) the same can be said about the typological analysis of the religious conscience; 5) Bouterwek is the author of the historical outline of theism and pantheism; 6) he also demarcates concepts of faith and religion and, moreover, proposes his own definition of religion; 7) these facts permit to assert that the Bouterwek’s philosophy of religion is an original and important mediator between the classical German idealism and the posterior science of religion.

Added: Sep 29, 2018
Article
Жукова О. А. Вопросы философии. 2016. № 12. С. 111-116.

“History of the Russian State” is a unique phenomenon of Russian culture. Karamzin was the first who had the distinction of returning the flow of Russian history back, as it were, into the river-bed of national life. Through addressing the memory of the people, Karamzin has recreated Russian history within an aesthetic framework of the late Enlightenment and romanticism. According to Karamzin, “History” should rear moral and civil feelings of the Russian people through the study of past events, customs and cultural traditions. Through reading Karamzin, we can understand our native history as a living part of the nation’s spiritual experience, thereby restoring historical consciousness in contemporary Russian society.

Added: Dec 14, 2016
Article
Арендт Х. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 4. С. 53-70.

The philosophical essay “What is Freedom” by Hannah Arendt though modest in extent, serves as a kind of a key deciphering and elucidating the underlying import of her major works written both before and after this essay, namely “The origins of totalitarianism”, “Vita activa”, “On revolution”, “On violence” etc. Arendt analyses such concepts as “freedom of the mind”, “freedom of the will”, showing that the roots of the very phenomenon of freedom lie in the political realm. Freedom is a faculty of man to begin something new, non-existent in this world. It is a capacity to interrupt “automatic” processes in natural as well as political sphere. In the Preface the translator places the questions raised in essay in a wider framework of Hannah Arendt’s work.

Added: Feb 19, 2014
Article
Кантор В. К. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 3. С. 95-104.

In his article, the author tries to figure out how to put together the idea of rational egoism Russian thinker that is reasonable to selfishness, that is the beginning of the personal and impersonal communal idea. He comes to the conclusion that this is the realist view, trying to come not from a science fiction utopian hopes and realities of human life and Russian. As thinkers of the past (Machiavelli, Spinoza) Chernyshevsky believed that self-interest – given, it can not get rid of, but you can redirect to another benefit , pa – reasonable to. I must see their benefit in the benefit You. And the community – a fact of Russia, but this datum is necessary to find mechanisms that turn it into a defender of the individual.

Added: Feb 21, 2014
Article
Порус В. Н. Вопросы философии. 2016. № 7. С. 84-96.

In article the approach to a problem of understanding of the literary text is offered, allowing to transfer its discussion on the ground of philosophy of culture. The typology of understanding of the literary text is offered. The first type: ”understanding” – finding-out or mastering of that sense that is understood. The found out sense becomes an knowledge: to understand the text – the nobility its sense means. The second type: ”understanding” is interpretation, investment with sense. Interpretation is the certificate of creativity initiated by the text, but supported by consciousness of freedom of the subject making this certificate. The third type: ”understanding” is process from sense of the literary text in which the author of the text and the understanding subject participate as equals, involving in this participation all set of cultural factors. The literary text, as well as all art, lives, if its understanding if process with-creation, updating and restoration of its sense does not stop constantly develops, varies.

Added: Sep 17, 2016
Article
Ананьин О. И. Вопросы философии. 1999. № 10. С. 135-151.
Added: May 31, 2009
Article
Люкс Л. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 1. С. 105-115.

The history of confrontation with fascism or National Socialism in the interwar period can be basically regarded as a history of erroneous estimates. Successes of both movements were conditioned not least by inability of their opponents, but also by inability of their allies, to understand their character. Not least because of this, analysts, who could timely recognize the nature of this challenge, deserve special attention. This article is devoted to one of these analysts. It is a German-Russian social democrat Alexander Schifrin, whose acute analyses of fascism in the time when the National Socialists achieved one success after another, were paid insufficient attention in previous researches both in East and West.

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Added: Jan 22, 2019
Article
Егоров А. С. Вопросы философии. 2007. № 8. С. 97-105.
Added: Feb 4, 2012
Article
Князева Е. Н. Вопросы философии. 2013. № 10. С. 91-104.

Enactivism as a radical conceptual turn or a paradigm shift in non-classical epistemology and cognitive science is under consideration in the article. Enactivism is not a new hypertheory, but rather a system of theoretical notions rooted in bioepistemology (naturalistic epistemology), because in the frames of enactivism consciousness and its functions are studied in the context of the understanding of complexity and of nature of complex formations in the world. Consciousness is viewed as an active and interactive, embodied and situated, its cognitive activity occurs by building-into environment, i.e. by enacting the environment. The contributions of Francisco Varela, Evan Thompson, Alva Noe to the development of enactivism are retraced in the article. It is shown that enactivism can be considered as a form of constructivism in epistemology

Added: Nov 8, 2013
Article
Алюшин А. Л., Князева Е. Н. Вопросы философии. 2007. № 2. С. 80-96.
Added: Mar 8, 2009
Article
Афанасов Н. Б. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 1. С. 47-51.

The rapid transformation of modernity and even more rapid attempts of methodological programs to theoretically grasp and comprehend what is happening led throughout the XX century to the extraordinary fragmentation of ideas about social reality which, in fact, issued

a theory’s symbolic rejection of the claim to find out the basic structure of society, to deter- mine the laws of social development. The fluidity of sociality is divided into the study of

cultural studies, sociology, philosophy and a number of other disciplines and sub-disciplines. At the same time, each of these branches of knowledge has its own research approaches and attitudes, sometimes extremely different and independent from each other. Nevertheless, the question of the fundamental methodology of social-humanitarian knowledge cannot and should not be abolished. In an attempt to find a common denominator for understanding social reality in its wholeness, the author refers to the legacy of two thinkers of the first half of the twentieth century: Ernst Cassirer and Gustav Shpet. The central thesis defended in the article is that the understanding of culture and cultural forms based on historicity and language in the works of two philosophers in their relation to history and sociality can act as a basis for rethinking sociality in its completeness and integrity, not just not relativising the overall picture of understanding, but enriching it.

Added: Jan 21, 2019
Article
Бессчетнова Е. В. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 3. С. 105-111.

It seems that two so different Russian thinkers as Nikolay Chernyshevsky and Vladimir Solovyov couldn’t have the common ideas, but this statement is wrong, Solovyov, who was thirty years younger than Chernyshevsky and according to his own statement refers to the opposite ideological camp, wrote the article “The first step to a positive aesthetic”, in which the philosopher has supported the concept of aesthetic Chernyshevsky, calling it “the first word of the true aesthetics”.

Added: Apr 3, 2014
Article
Порус В. Н. Вопросы философии. 2006. № 1. С. 95-108.
Added: Nov 5, 2009
Article
Лифинцева Татьяна Петровна Вопросы философии. 2016. № 11. С. 15-25.

The author analyzes concepts of intersubjectivity and dialigue in the philosophy of the XX-th century - for example, of M. Buber. What is offered in this research is the attempt to change a little the view and to add to the binarity of "I-Thou" and "I-It" one more measurement, irreducible neither to that, nor to another and presupposing the deconstruction of classical subject of Western philosophy. This measurement is long ago and widely known (under different terms and metaphors - "nausea", "envy", "alienation",  "rejectedness", etc.) in works of J.-P. Sartre, A. Camus, A. Malraux, etc., however still not considered as a marker of "anti-dialogue".  

Added: Oct 23, 2016
Article
Мещеряков А. Н. Вопросы философии. 2018. № 3. С. 197-206.

The article is devoted to the ethnological teachings of Yanagit Kunio, which became popular in post-war Japan.

Added: Sep 25, 2018
Article
Щербина Ю. И. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 3.

Along with M. Heidegger and E. Husserl, F.M. Dostoevsky can be called one of those thinkers who greatly influenced the philosophy of Jan Patocka, a Czech phenomenologist and public figure of the 20th century, and this influence is especially noticeable in Patocka’s later works. The references to the work of Dostoevsky are scattered throughout many works by Patocka: they allow to shed light on both the Patocka’s philosophy and the ideas of Dostoevsky himself. The main purpose of this article is to analyze the interpretation of Dostoevsky’s philosophy by Patocka and a brief demonstration (by virtue of the format of the article) of the relationship between Patocka’s philosophy and Dostoevsky’s ideas.

Added: Dec 9, 2018
Article
Климова С. М. Вопросы философии. 2016. № 11. С. 89-100.

The article deals some specific style of the work by Ilyenkov, which discribes his personality more realy than his philosohical ideas.

Added: Oct 19, 2016