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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 288
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Article
Порус В. Н. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 7. С. 82-88.

In article the project of "synthesis philosophy" offered by M.N. Epstein is considered. The purpose of the project is in giving philosophies an innova- tive impulse, to save it from tautological infertility, to give it the status of the active participant informative (first of all research) processes. For this purpose it is necessary to redirect the main methodological installation of philosophy – "from the analysis to synthesis". It is not only about "analyti- cal philosophy", but about all range of the philosophical directions. The method of "synthesis" allows a set of interpretations: from synthesis of con- cepts before the synthesis of philosophical and scientific concepts taking place in a cross-disciplinary research of difficult, multiple-factor processes. In most cases the methodology of synthesis appears as transition, usual for science, from initial abstractions to concrete explanations which receives the generalized description and conceptualization. The problem consists in that how far there can be such generalization. The forecast about approach of such stage in development of philosophy when she acts as the supplier of alternative ontologies for various scientific pictures of the world, can be un- derstood as the romantic dream bringing in the academic discussions about the place of philosophy in culture live feeling and sympathy.

Added: Jul 24, 2019
Article
Тульчинский Г. Л. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 7. С. 64-68.

Philosophical understanding claims to universality. Meaning, understanding, sense-formation are fundamentally human characteristics of being as a meaningful picture of the world. Sense-formation is realized always from a certain position, from a certain point of view. Therefore, it is always personal, communicative and socially representable. In this regard, the concepts and practices of philosophical sense-formation, proposed and implemented by Michael Epstein in a series of network projects and scientific monographs, as well as in the discussed article [Epstein 2019] are indicative. The author assesses the prospects of the modern philosophy of the digitizing era in the context proposed by M.N. Epstein "philosophy of synthesis". It is about philosophizing in the genre of projective dictionaries (philosophy, humanitarian knowledge in general). The projective dictionary appears as a single hypertext, which expands the scope of the conceptual integrity of the entire project. This approach realizes today's humanist position as potentiation of being, opening up new possibilities of culture. A projective dictionary, in essence, is a generative model that latently contains the energy of divergent vectors of further work, which can embody different concepts, protect different positions, but use a common terminological and conceptual resource.  

Added: Sep 13, 2019
Article
Жукова О. А. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 7. С. 81-89.
N.V. Stankevich, Russian philosopher, poet, the сreator of literary and philosophical circle. Circle Stankevich contributed to the development of philosophical culture in Russia. Its activity was connected with the emergence of such a social and spiritual phenomenon, as the Russian Еuropeism. The author reveals the historical significance of the creative heritage of Stankevich. The article analyzes the main ideas Stankevich’s philosophy of culture in the context of European and Russian philosophical traditions.
Added: Oct 3, 2014
Article
Павлов А. В. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 3. С. 206-2014.

The author examines the delicate relationship between such phenomena as philosophy and popular culture. After formulating three attitudes of philosophers working with popular culture (left-critical, right-critical and left-objectivistic), the author proposes the term «crossroad» to show at what point of evolution of philosophy of culture and social theory during the XXth century converged popular culture and philosophy. This «crossroad» turned out to be post-modernism in such representation in which the American Marxist philosopher Fredric Jame-son began to talk about. Postmodernism before Jameson was understood as a trend in art, and only Jameson came up with the idea to extend it to the entire culture that dissolved in during the 1970s in the economy. It was Jameson who first stated the thesis that nowadays high and popular culture represent a single space. Briefly describing Jameson's approach, the author shows what this synthesis of postmodern philosophy and popular culture has led to. Recog-nizing popular culture as legitimate, and its then state as «postmodern», social philosophers began to develop the idea of expansion of culture into the social sphere, however, not in everything agreeing with Jameson. The author emphasizes the idea that the beginning of the XXI century was marked by a surge of philosophical interest in popular culture.

Added: Aug 13, 2019
Article
Глухов А. А. Вопросы философии. 2001. № 4. С. 153-157.
Added: Jun 25, 2017
Article
Михайловский А. В. Вопросы философии. 2011. № 3. С. 62-72.

The article is concerned with the study of the philosophy of technology of Hans Freyer (1887-1969), who was the fi rst representative of the academic sociology in Germany. His program developed in the essay Towards a philosophy of technology (1929) is discussed as the reactionary modernist response to the cultural criticism of the German Lebensphilosophie (L. Klages, G. Simmel, M. Scheler). From the positions of the sociology of culture and political sociology it aims to integrate the modern technology into the organic life of a modern nation. After the World War II H. Freyer has shifted his heroic-realistic position on technics developing the criticism of industrial society and technocratic modernity which has formed the philosophical discussion on technology in 1950s-70s and infl uenced the Ideologiekritik of the later Frankfurt school. H. Freyer's philosophy of technology is examined in the broader politico-ideological context of the conservative revolution.

Added: Sep 20, 2012
Article
Саликов А. Н., Жаворонков А. Г. Вопросы философии. 2019. № 1. С. 133-145.

The following paper examines the characteristic features and problems of the Russian translations of Hannah Arendt’s works and studies on her philosophy, evaluating the actuality and the future perspectives of the reception of her ideas in Russia. For a long time, Arendt’s name was little known to most Russian readers: first editions of her major works were published in the middle of the 1990s. As of now, most of Arendt’s major works have been translated, although the quality of Russian editions is lacking because of several objective and subjective factors. The situation with the reception of Arendt’s ideas is not less complicated: because of the mostly fragmentary character of Russian Arendt studies and the lack of fundamental publications, her name is still associated with many stereotypes. Although some of Arendt’s concepts are slowly turning obsolete due to methodological reasons, Arendt studies in Russia have good perspectives in the field of political and social philosophy, philosophical anthropology and philosophy of emotion.

Added: Oct 20, 2017
Article
Гуляев Р. В. Вопросы философии. 2015. № 9. С. 103-113.

The article is devoted to the analysis of N.V. Gogol’s novel “Viy” as a representation of his philosophical concepts of evil, human nature and society. We analyze its main character, the only philosopher in Gogol’s works. Thomas Brutus finds himself on the intersection of real world and fantastic reality, which makes him horrified. But we can describe this situation in terms of political philosophy, like Hannah Arendt’s concept of totalitarian society. It is not the reality of horror that deprives Thomas Brutus of the speaking ability and breaks his connection with the rest of society. Instead the society itself chooses not to confront obvious evil but to exclude the hero from its own ranks and to ignore his attempts to tell what is happening.

Added: Oct 25, 2014
Article
Макарова И. В. Вопросы философии. 2002. № 10. С. 156-167.
Added: Oct 26, 2010
Article
Пружинин Б. И. Вопросы философии. 2008. № 5. С. 66-71.
Added: Oct 28, 2010
Article
Носов Д. М. Вопросы философии. 2014. № 4. С. 46-52.
Added: Feb 19, 2014
Article
Фрайер Х. Вопросы философии. 2011. № 3. С. 73-79.
Added: May 13, 2010
Article
Зинченко В. П. Вопросы философии. 2011. № 8. С. 85-97.
Added: Sep 18, 2011
Article
Лексин В. Н. Вопросы философии. 2017. № 1. С. 194-200.
Added: Jan 25, 2019
Article
Тульчинский Г. Л. Вопросы философии. 2018. № 4. С. 22-31.

The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic modernization form for socium. To explain these events, we propose a P.Chaadaev paradox about the prospect of the victory of historically untenable socialism because of the untenable of its opponents. The "Chaadaev factor" content clarified with the help of the concepts of political will and N.Taleb’s "black swans". From this point of view, the society transition into a new state is a matter of a small number of uncompromising people, who are personally interested in the transition, involved in this process. Success comes in the case of simplification of problems and solutions in combination with the accentuated uncompromising minority and sufficient tolerance of the majority, when representatives of this majority have an asymmetry in their choice. The review results are beyond the scope of Russian experience and open up new opportunities for analyzing and solving problems of passionarity and tolerance. For example, if the reciprocity in tolerance conditions will violated, the society may lose immunity in relation to the willful intolerant minority.

Added: Oct 15, 2018
Article
Тульчинский Г. Л. Вопросы философии. 2018. № 12. С. 131-140.

The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic modernization form for socium. To explain these events, we propose a P.Chaadaev paradox about the prospect of the victory of historically untenable socialism because of the untenable of its opponents. The "Chaadaev factor" content clarified with the help of the concepts of political will and N.Taleb’s "black swans". From this point of view, the society transition into a new state is a matter of a small number of uncompromising people, who are personally interested in the transition, involved in this process. Success comes in the case of simplification of problems and solutions in combination with the accentuated uncompromising minority and sufficient tolerance of the majority, when representatives of this majority have an asymmetry in their choice. The review results are beyond the scope of Russian experience and open up new opportunities for analyzing and solving problems of passionarity and tolerance. For example, if the reciprocity in tolerance conditions will violated, the society may lose immunity in relation to the willful intolerant minority.

Added: Feb 8, 2019
Article
Золотухин В. В. Вопросы философии. 2017. № 11. С. 190-199.

The paper is devoted to the study of F. Bouterwek’s philosophy of religion with the accent to his late works. F. Bouterwek is the one of the most important German idealists of the “second line”. The author exposes firstly Bouterwek’s own outerconfessional theistic ideas and, secondly, main points of his Fichte’s and Schelling’s doctrines criticism. As a result, the author of the paper points out following conclusions: 1) Bouterwek’s philosophical system is the most elaborated and developed version of the religious sentimentalism; 2) in respect of the content Bouterwek’s doctrine can be located between Jacobi’s thought and the latest speculative theism; 3) the analysis of religious sentiment by means of the contemporary psychology is an innovation in the religious sentimentalism; 4) the same can be said about the typological analysis of the religious conscience; 5) Bouterwek is the author of the historical outline of theism and pantheism; 6) he also demarcates concepts of faith and religion and, moreover, proposes his own definition of religion; 7) these facts permit to assert that the Bouterwek’s philosophy of religion is an original and important mediator between the classical German idealism and the posterior science of religion.

Added: Sep 29, 2018
Article
Жукова О. А. Вопросы философии. 2016. № 12. С. 111-116.

“History of the Russian State” is a unique phenomenon of Russian culture. Karamzin was the first who had the distinction of returning the flow of Russian history back, as it were, into the river-bed of national life. Through addressing the memory of the people, Karamzin has recreated Russian history within an aesthetic framework of the late Enlightenment and romanticism. According to Karamzin, “History” should rear moral and civil feelings of the Russian people through the study of past events, customs and cultural traditions. Through reading Karamzin, we can understand our native history as a living part of the nation’s spiritual experience, thereby restoring historical consciousness in contemporary Russian society.

Added: Dec 14, 2016