Relying on the results of the sociological poll of civil servants, the authors suggest a number of measures, aimed at enhancing the development of public service in Russia. In particular, mechanisms of ensuring compliance of the number and qualifying structure of civil servants with functions of executive authorities are considered. Measures of increasing competitiveness and objectivity of the selection of applicants to positions in civil service, the estimates of competence, based on the criteria of professionalism are discussed. The directions of updating and strengthening a practical orientation of the professional educational programs, formation of individual career trajectories are suggested. The pay system, social privileges and guarantees of civil servants are analyzed. Suggestions to improve the structure and mechanisms of formation of a compensatory package in line with modern performance pay systems are given.
The article deals with the organization of Russia’s territory and its development from the historical point of view: the space potential of the country; factors of settlement and separation; mechanisms promoting development of Russia’s territory. The article focuses on the importance to distinguish between political-administrative and socio-economic bases of federative relations while forming administrative and territorial division. The article considers dynamics of settlement, indicates the mechanisms which help establish balanced territorial development of the country.
Subject of research are social relations in the field of self-regulation, is the legal nature of the results - acts of self-regulation. The integrity of the legal system is broken, not only from the contradictions and conflicts within itself, but due to the fact that a significant share of social regulation goes to the self-regulated organizations. These organizations establish rules of access to the economic markets, conditions for conducting business activity and liability for violations of these terms and conditions. In fact, they restrict the freedom of economic activity. The goal of the study is to show that in Russia there is a trend of decentralization of the legal system in connection with the adoption and the action of the self-regulatory acts. And to such a decentralization had no negative consequences, acts of self-regulation should be adopted in a specific order based on a number of requirements as to their form and content. Article was based on the analysis of specific acts of self-regulating organizations and the practice of their activity: General requirements for the performance of work, control regulations, regulations on the admission and membership fees. Expert surveys of self-regulated organizations in building sphere. Was carried out legal analysis of the procedure for adoption of regulations. It is noted that decisions are not always complied with the conditions of their wide discussion, publicity and openness. Found that the most common are two approaches to understanding of self-regulation in Russia: economic and legal. Established by their similarity. Acts of self-regulation are comparable with local, within the organizational and corporate acts, assignable legal characteristics. The legal nature of the acts of self-regulation due to the fact that they are acts of social regulation, determine the rules of conduct. In this regard, are essential requirements to the process of creation and implementation of these instruments, their maintenance, in particular, such as legal certainty (the clarity and unambiguous provisions). The findings of the study can be applied in the theory and practice of Economics and law in the sphere of development of self-regulation and activities of self-regulatory organizations in Russia.
The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainabil ity of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in public procurement through different stages of procurement cycle. We also describe the main empirical and econometric models of detecting and classifying collusion in public procurement.
The article includes a description of a system to monitor effi ciency of municipal authorities, evaluation of a federal monitoring introduced in 2010, and a proposal aimed at a more useful and eff ective monitoring system. Th e main drawback of the quality assessment methodology, currently being
implemented in Russia by the federal authorities is a very long monitoring and assessment period. Annually-based monitoring does not allow regional
governments to use it in a budgetary process and everyday governance. The probable solution for such a problem can be found in a monitoring conducted quarterly or monthly, with a smaller set of vital performance indicators. Most of currently used data is being collected by Federal statistics service on a monthly or quarterly basis, so the proposed way does not require much eff ort while provides a lot of useful, operative and proved data both to regional and municipal authorities.
The paper deals with the development of the entrepreneurship and SME policy support agenda in some CEE and CIS countries in the process of systemic transition, basing both on desk research and the results of an own expert survey in 14 countries. Th e author points out the initial diff erences of the socio-economic context of SME policy in transitional societies from the very beginning of the systemic transition and emphasizes the role of the framework rules and regulations of the EU in the establishment of the appropriate policy in the CEE countries. He shows both similarities as well as peculiarities in the design of the SME policy in 14 Post-Socialist economies. Taking the experience of the CEE and CIS countries with very diff erent framework conditions and economic performance, the paper transfers some obtained evidence into the Russian context, offering a re-conceptualization of the established entrepreneurship and SME policy towards a more stringent consideration of both framework conditions and the state of the SME on the regional level.
The article argues the undesirability of introducing recently proposed changes in the regime of vertical restrictions regulation in Russia. They are similar to the changes, which were introduced in the United States by Robinson – Patman (1936) and Miller – Tydings (1937) Acts. But at the same time these new rules stand in sharp contrast to modern practice of antimonopoly regulation in the USA and the EC countries. At the moment even the most extreme types of vertical restrictions – the exclusive contracts that prohibit selling goods or acquiring them from any but the contracted side – are not automatically condemned as per se illegal. The softening of the regime of regulation was due to the recognition that vertical agreements should not be considered along the horizontal interactions only. The underlying motivation for their introduction can be much wider and may have nothing common with the foreclosure reasons. The article provides an overview of modern institutional theoretical approaches that could potentially be used in the analysis of exclusive agreements (and vertical restraints in general). It is not just the traditional analysis of the exclusive dealing through the lens of investment fostering, but also the considerations based on the multitask moral hazard theory, the «reference point» approach [Hart and Moor 2008] and vertical integration theory of Baker, Gibbons and Murthy.
The development of excellent legal and methodical support is necessary for a successful development of multifunctional centers of public services (MFC). For such reason The Ministry for Economic Development of the Russian Federation have monitored activity of 18 MFC in 16 regions. Public opinion polls were made, the MFCs were visited by expert teams in order to monitor the comfort standard (basic requirements to MFC’s design) implementation. The article briefly observes the results gained, with such parameters as service lists, participants, technical data for each MFC. Best practice and most common faults are also mentioned in the article, including suggestions of their origin.
There are results of a legal comparative analysis of legal regulation of the civil service types related to state guaranties (social protection) for civil servants in the article (namely: remuneration of labor and remunerative incentives, discharge of an administrative contract and re-engagement due to attainment of the maximum service age, provision of housing, pension protection). The article makes it clear that the legal regulation of civil servants’ status, state guaranties, rights and duties, restrictions are not enough to comply with the Civil Service Consistency Principle. The main reason for the misbalances and discrepancies of the social protection regulation, depending on civil service types, is redundant powers of different state authorities, starting with the top of the vertical of power- the President of Russia. These powers are implemented in a random way and disorder civil service management. Perspectives of the legal regulation unification of civil service in the area of social protection are under consideration in the article - reception and extrapolation (unification) of legal instruments for the civil service types and levels (federal and regional). The argument for the necessity to set up a Federal Civil Service Body is the need of an organizational provision of reception and unification of legal instruments. The need of redundant powers handover to the Civil Service Body is proved. The respective offers are presented: the centrally managed Civil Service Body, its immediate subordination to the RF president, different forms of civil society participation in its management (e.g. personnel matters).
This article is devoted to the infl uence that educational institutions of primary, secondary, or higher vocational level have on the set-up of social and economic vital functions of local community. Here you can fi nd a general description of the system of vocational education at the local level. According to our investigation the most advantageous educational form for a local government as well as for employers is tuition by correspondence. Institutions of vocational education in turn seem to be "fi xing agents" of young people at the local level.