Worksite wellness programs have become very popular in developed countries. They produce benefits to employees, employers and the whole society by providing ways to change behaviors associated with risk factors (such as smoking, alcohol consumption, poor diet, physical inactivity, stress etc.). Workplace wellness programs are viewed as investment in human capital. That’s why in many countries worksite wellness programs are supported by federal and regional authorities. While Russian government understands the importance of healthy lifestyle, employees- sponsored health programs have not seen any significant support by now. The article therefore describes the benefits associated with worksite wellness programs; examines the ways authorities promote such programs in developed countries (e.g. tax allowances, grants, special initiatives to help small and medium enterprises, national health programs, pilot projects, and a wide range of measures aimed at providing enterprises with information about best practice examples). After studying evidence from developed countries we discuss what health policy initiatives could be taken in Russia in order to promote worksite wellness programs
Relying on the results of the sociological poll of civil servants, the authors suggest a number of measures, aimed at enhancing the development of public service in Russia. In particular, mechanisms of ensuring compliance of the number and qualifying structure of civil servants with functions of executive authorities are considered. Measures of increasing competitiveness and objectivity of the selection of applicants to positions in civil service, the estimates of competence, based on the criteria of professionalism are discussed. The directions of updating and strengthening a practical orientation of the professional educational programs, formation of individual career trajectories are suggested. The pay system, social privileges and guarantees of civil servants are analyzed. Suggestions to improve the structure and mechanisms of formation of a compensatory package in line with modern performance pay systems are given.
The article deals with the organization of Russia’s territory and its development from the historical point of view: the space potential of the country; factors of settlement and separation; mechanisms promoting development of Russia’s territory. The article focuses on the importance to distinguish between political-administrative and socio-economic bases of federative relations while forming administrative and territorial division. The article considers dynamics of settlement, indicates the mechanisms which help establish balanced territorial development of the country.
Subject of research are social relations in the field of self-regulation, is the legal nature of the results - acts of self-regulation. The integrity of the legal system is broken, not only from the contradictions and conflicts within itself, but due to the fact that a significant share of social regulation goes to the self-regulated organizations. These organizations establish rules of access to the economic markets, conditions for conducting business activity and liability for violations of these terms and conditions. In fact, they restrict the freedom of economic activity. The goal of the study is to show that in Russia there is a trend of decentralization of the legal system in connection with the adoption and the action of the self-regulatory acts. And to such a decentralization had no negative consequences, acts of self-regulation should be adopted in a specific order based on a number of requirements as to their form and content. Article was based on the analysis of specific acts of self-regulating organizations and the practice of their activity: General requirements for the performance of work, control regulations, regulations on the admission and membership fees. Expert surveys of self-regulated organizations in building sphere. Was carried out legal analysis of the procedure for adoption of regulations. It is noted that decisions are not always complied with the conditions of their wide discussion, publicity and openness. Found that the most common are two approaches to understanding of self-regulation in Russia: economic and legal. Established by their similarity. Acts of self-regulation are comparable with local, within the organizational and corporate acts, assignable legal characteristics. The legal nature of the acts of self-regulation due to the fact that they are acts of social regulation, determine the rules of conduct. In this regard, are essential requirements to the process of creation and implementation of these instruments, their maintenance, in particular, such as legal certainty (the clarity and unambiguous provisions). The findings of the study can be applied in the theory and practice of Economics and law in the sphere of development of self-regulation and activities of self-regulatory organizations in Russia.
The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainabil ity of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in public procurement through different stages of procurement cycle. We also describe the main empirical and econometric models of detecting and classifying collusion in public procurement.
The article includes a description of a system to monitor effi ciency of municipal authorities, evaluation of a federal monitoring introduced in 2010, and a proposal aimed at a more useful and eff ective monitoring system. Th e main drawback of the quality assessment methodology, currently being
implemented in Russia by the federal authorities is a very long monitoring and assessment period. Annually-based monitoring does not allow regional
governments to use it in a budgetary process and everyday governance. The probable solution for such a problem can be found in a monitoring conducted quarterly or monthly, with a smaller set of vital performance indicators. Most of currently used data is being collected by Federal statistics service on a monthly or quarterly basis, so the proposed way does not require much eff ort while provides a lot of useful, operative and proved data both to regional and municipal authorities.