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Of all publications in the section: 489
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Article
Шабанова М. А. Социологические исследования. 2020. № 12. С. 3-17.

Russian civil society (CS) has been repeatedly referred to as weak. However, this conclusion usually takes into account only the NGO sector while leaving out of consideration formally non-organized forms of civic participation. At the same time, the latter sphere has been expanding over the past few years, for the most part, owing to various kinds of civic engagement on consumer goods and resources. The Internet has served as a powerful impetus to their development. The author centers her attention on the new practices of consumer self- organization and peer-to- peer (P2P) cooperation within online communities, ranging from donating of excess food and things to strangers and/or receiving these from strangers to collaborative consumption of goods on the basis of a temporary access (P2P online renting of physical items and housing for those who travel, carpooling). These practices are conceptualized in the context of CS changing qualitative characteristics in the digital era. To this end, the theoretical and methodological section (Paper 1) discusses the phenomenon of consumer power enhancement in the digital era, its factors, barriers and risks. A hypothetical concept is proposed to elucidate the nature of juxtaposition between online technologies and offline CS as well as the ensuing enhancement of CS social and economic role owing to the development of online P2P consumer practices. Paper 2 deals with testing the hypotheses. Based on the results of the all-Russia representative survey (N=2011, 2019), the paper for the first time presents the data on the actual and potential levels of Russians’ involvement in various types of P2P practices and evaluates the relationship between the probability of involvement in these practices, on one hand, and consumers’ prosocial characteristics and their online activity, on the other. It is shown that the development of online consumer practices cannot be solely attributed to Internet technologies. It is oftentimes a synthesis of Internet technologies development and extensive, though not always discernable, shifts in the non-digital environment: the development of CS, both formally organized and informal. However, the “social awakening” effect sparked by the Internet is also apparent and it cannot be viewed as an unlikely occurrence.

Added: Dec 30, 2020
Article
Шабанова М. А. Социологические исследования. 2020. № 11. С. 16-26.

Russian civil society (CS) has been repeatedly referred to as weak. However, this conclusion usually takes into account only the NGO sector while leaving out of consideration formally non-organized forms of civic participation. At the same time, the latter sphere has been expanding over the past few years, for the most part, owing to various kinds of civic engagement on consumer goods and resources. The Internet has served as a powerful impetus to their development. The author centers her attention on the new practices of consumer self- organization and peer-to- peer (P2P) cooperation within online communities, ranging from donating of excess food and things to strangers and/or receiving these from strangers to collaborative consumption of goods on the basis of a temporary access (P2P online renting of physical items and housing for those who travel, carpooling). These practices are conceptualized in the context of CS changing qualitative characteristics in the digital era. To this end, the theoretical and methodological section (Paper 1) discusses the phenomenon of consumer power enhancement in the digital era, its factors, barriers and risks. A hypothetical concept is proposed to elucidate the nature of juxtaposition between online technologies and offline CS as well as the ensuing enhancement of CS social and economic role owing to the development of online P2P consumer practices. Paper 2 deals with testing the hypotheses. Based on the results of the all-Russia representative survey (N=2011, 2019), the paper for the first time presents the data on the actual and potential levels of Russians’ involvement in various types of P2P practices and evaluates the relationship between the probability of involvement in these practices, on one hand, and consumers’ prosocial characteristics and their online activity, on the other. It is shown that the development of online consumer practices cannot be solely attributed to Internet technologies. It is oftentimes a synthesis of Internet technologies development and extensive, though not always discernable, shifts in the non-digital environment: the development of CS, both formally organized and informal. However, the “social awakening” effect sparked by the Internet is also apparent and it cannot be viewed as an unlikely occurrence.

Added: Sep 9, 2020
Article
Силаева В. Л. Социологические исследования. 2010. № 8. С. 19-26.
Added: Sep 26, 2013
Article
Стрелкова О. В. Социологические исследования. 2011. № 11. С. 131-136.

Added: Sep 13, 2012
Article
Скиперских А. В. Социологические исследования. 2004. № 8. С. 141-145.
Added: Nov 2, 2014
Article
Кармаева Н. Н., Хавенсон Т. Е., Илиева-Тричкова П. Социологические исследования. 2020. № 3. С. 108-120.

As the situation in education and labour market is changing in Russia, characterized by the expansion of services sectors and high participation in higher education, the mechanisms of social inequality reproduction are evolving. According to the intersectionality theory, social advantages and disadvantages are reproduced at the intersection of various social categories – social class, gender and others. In the paper, the outcomes of individuals in education and in the labour market representing three cohorts, born in 1954–1964, 1965–1975 and 1976–1986, were analyzed. Using the data provided by the European Social Survey, rounds 3–6 and 8, the hypotheses about the presence of cumulative effect from the intersection of gender and social class were tested. The results partially confirm the formulated hypotheses in case of achieved socio-professional status, but not in case of achieved higher education. 1) Women have more chances than men to obtain higher education; 2) women from families where fathers were workers have more chances than men from such families to move to the group “lower services class”. The latter positive effect is observed in case social class is specified based on mother’s profession, however, it is not significant. Therefore, women are likely to benefit the most from the recent changes in education and the labour market, compared to men. However, women are likely to find themselves in the less prestigious and less paid segments of the services sector, despite the fact that their jobs require more skills.

Added: Mar 4, 2020
Article
Пишняк А. И. Социологические исследования. 2016. № 11. С. 144-149.

This article analyses the schoolchildren`s parents subjective perceptions of risks related with receiving education by children in Moscow. The study examines the prevalence of different opinions on this process and attempts to implement a classification of subjective risks. Basing on the data of survey of 1-11th grade pupils` parent conducted in 2013 in Moscow by Institute of Megalopolis Human Development (IMHD), three different types of risks are identified. The first type is system risks which includes dissatisfaction with the characteristics of schools (educational programs and teaching stuff as well as ethnic composition of school classes). According to the data, this sort of risks is spread to 67% of families with schoolchildren in Russian capital. The second type – intra-household risks – covers risks of lack of households` resources. Approximately 39% of respondents declare at list a component of the intra-household risks. The third type – external risks – concerns with indicators of child-friendliness of urban space. About 83% of pupils` parents are preoccupied with fear of street crime on the way to school or the lack of reciprocity among citizens. A special attention is paid to the intersection of different risks and concentration of system, Intra-household and external risks in the minds of respondents. It should be point out that more than half of schoolchildren`s parents do not find a risk in the context of education. However a considerable quantity of respondents – 44% – presumes that at list one type of risk occurs and almost 23% notice at once system, intra-household and external risks.

Added: Oct 21, 2016
Article
Деминцева Е. Б. Социологические исследования. 2016. № 9. С. 82-87.

The article considers various factors shaping the educational strategies of potential students from the NIS countries applying to Russian universities. On the basis of interviews conducted in Moscow in 2014 we identify a number of factors that explain the choice of specific Moscow universities by such students.   The key factors mentioned by students include: 1) "common history"; 2) opportunities for tuition-free study; 3) family connections; 4) intention to emigrate from their home country. The article considers the sources of information on opportunities for study in Russia. We argue that the mastery of Russian language is not the most important or primary factor driving the choice of a Russian university: students rarely select a specific university, but rather  choose a town where they would like to study. The choice of Russia as a place to study is to a significant degree driven by the existing social and/or family ties. Student choices are also shaped by perception of relative prestige (or lack thereof) of a given university, which are largely determined by the Soviet-era inertia, and not the university's place in global rankings or any certainty regarding the quality of education there.

Added: Jul 27, 2016
Article
Добрякова М. С., Радаев В. В. Социологические исследования. 2004. № 1. С. 131-133.
Added: Aug 23, 2012
Article
Исаев Л. М., Коротаев А. В., Бобарыкина Д. А. Социологические исследования. 2020. № 9. С. 134-146.
Added: Sep 30, 2020
Article
Покровский Н. Е., Макшанчикова А. Ю., Никишин Е. А. Социологические исследования. 2020. № 12. С. 54-64.

The 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic had a significant impact on migration flows in the Russian territory. The factors attracting the population to megacities have reduced their impact, giving rise to centrifugal forces which in turn has led to an increase in atypical migration processes, primarily to a massive outflow of citizens to out-of-town spaces. This process can be termed “crisis deurbanization”. The article examines the features of the current Russian Pandemic deurbanization, taking place in the specific Russian conditions of incomplete urbanization and, at the same time, the beginning of a post- urbanization stage. In March-April-May 2020 the migration for short, medium and long distances to country homes in Moscow, Vladimir, Kostroma, Vologda and Nizhny Novgorod regions had reached its climax. The so-called “second homes” of the townspeople from now on fully began to combine recreational, “quarantine-sanitary” and work functions, which allows them to be used for long-term residence also after the end of the crisis. This clearly indicates prospects for formation in the future of settlement clusters of immigrants from megacities.

Added: Dec 17, 2020
Article
Покровский Н. Е. Социологические исследования. 2002. № 4. С. 149-151.
Added: Oct 16, 2013
Article
Ротмистров А. Н. Социологические исследования. 2010. № 8. С. 46-53.

Classificating (including historical dimension) the concepts of the social movement, identifying important common features of the social movement, the wording of the generalized definition.

 

 

 

 

Added: Nov 16, 2012
Article
Карабчук Т. С., Сальникова Д. В. Социологические исследования. 2016. № 5. С. 96-109.

This paper analyzes objective and subjective well-being in 2004 - 2011 using the evidence of Central Asia. We compare the results with the corresponding indicators in Russia and Belarus. Subjective well-being indicators are differentiated by the key socio-demographic characteristics. The paper reveals the following paradox: the objective indicators in the Central Asian countries are rather low, while the subjective well-being, measured by life satisfaction and satisfaction with the current financial situation, is high. The authors discuss the reasons for this discrepancy.  

Added: May 28, 2016
Article
Эфендиев А. Г., Гоголева А. С., Балабанова Е. С. Социологические исследования. 2020. Т. 46. № 9. С. 114-121.

Digitalization of work often changes dramatically job content and conditions with social consequences that central for this research. The presumption that changes in technology determine social and individual work attitudes, self­development and professional growth was tested within empirical study. Basing on the data of standardized survey of Russian specialists (1110 employees in Russian companies) social and personal development was taken as one of the consequences of postindustrial work conditions. Scope of digital and computer technologies use and different characteristics of social organization of work represent independent determinants. Results of the empirical study showed that the use of computer and digital technologies is not significantly associated with autonomy, initiative, professional development and does result in an increased job satisfaction. While characteristics of the social organization of work were found to be significant determinants, namely organizational orientation on meritocratic principles in employment, remuneration and career, involvement of professionals in decision­making process, professional and achievement standards of work behavior are linked to initiatives, autonomy, professional and career growth. The study also showed that though computer technology is relatively widespread on job places, nature and scope of its implementation are limited to simple functions.

Added: Oct 19, 2020
Article
Дежина И. Г., Медовников Д. С., Розмирович С. Д. Социологические исследования. 2019. № 11. С. 110-119.
Added: Dec 10, 2019
Article
Покровский Н. Е. Социологические исследования. 1992. № 2. С. 114-117.
Added: Oct 16, 2013
Article
Немировская А. В. Социологические исследования. 2015. № 2. С. 41-48.
Added: Feb 25, 2015
Article
Балабанова Е. С. Социологические исследования. 2002. № 10. С. 11-16.
Added: Mar 21, 2014
Article
Троцук И. В. Социологические исследования. 2017. № 9. С. 12-21.
Added: Oct 21, 2017
Article
Гофман А. Б. Социологические исследования. 2013. № 10. С. 21-28.

During the last decades there is a significant influence of fashion in theoretical sociology of different countries, including Russia. Some of the most representative fashions of this period are considered, namely vagueness and inconsistency of theoretical constructions; obstinate denunciation of "positivism" and "liberalism"; reduction of social knowledge to everyday one and, sometimes, on the contrary, vigorous criticism against this latter; multiple loud proclamations about decline, end, non-existence or absence of something considered previously as existent or present; epatage theoretical statements, etc.

Added: Jan 29, 2014