The present article is devoted to the phenomenon of speech dissipation (or rather, destruction) in the films of Alexei German (1938—2013). The author considers all German’s films successively to demonstrate the changes of discourse — both regarding film characters and narrative structure. German starts from the traditional way of sound and speech that illustrate a visual event, but then comes to the idea of obstructed speech that hampers a spectator’s perception. An effect of sound chaos becomes a specific feature of German’s personal filming manner, and strongly affects the whole aesthetics of Late Leningrad (Petersburg) Film School.
The article is written on the role of football in the Soviet poetry of the 1920s
In "Soviet sociology as police science," Alexander F. Filippov attempts to examine Soviet sociology of the 1960s and early 1970s in terms of so-called "police science," a system of administrative disciplines that had their heyday in Europe during the second half of the eighteenth century. Unlike Western sociology, which developed as one of the alternatives to police science, sociology in the USSR could not be oriented toward solving fundamental theoretical problems — these remained the focus of ideological work. The main task of Soviet sociology, then, was the search for the best methods for managing an ever-more-complicated society with the ostensible aim of "the common good" (decisions about which were taken by an administration in which citizens had no part). Police surveillance and administrative knowledge (also in essence oriented toward policing) were supposed to complement each other in this state of universal well-being for all.
This article discusses the hierarchy , inequality, and academic degrees as forms ranging teaching corps . The author emphasizes that, contrary to subsequent idealized picture prerevolutionary University was the site of a variety of conflicts. which contributed to the sharpness of criticism of university institutions after 1917 . In the Soviet period , after compromises new economic policy , the main factor of differentiation was not the success of an academic career , and the influence of government and party appointments.
Jacques Le Goff, french historian and representative of third generation of "the Annales School", passed away April 1 2014, aged 90. His last book, "Must We Divide History into Periods?" was brought out just a couple of month before his death, in January 2014. Current article is author's hommage to the great medievalist. It aims at inscribing Le Goff's last work in the context of his academic and private biography.
The paper contains some reflections of a historian on the so called "anthropological turn" in contemporary social sciences and humanities.