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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 399
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Article
Заостровцев А.П. Общественные науки и современность. 2019. № 4. С. 99-108.

The article analyzes the content of the book by the professor A. Skorobogatov “Society as a Contract between the Strong and Weak. Essays on Economics of History”. The author of the book set the task to apply the economic method to the study of history, to look at it on the basis of the assumption of rationality of actors and, based on it, to show history as a change in the forms of interaction of strong and weak participants. The article notes that the author succeeded in many things: systematizing the hierarchies of institutions, highlighting the special role of culture, the concept of conventional expectations as an explanation of the stability of dictatorial regimes. The book correctly noted that economic activity ceases to be the lot of the weak when the economy begins to determine military power. Then there are state guarantees of property rights and force is subject to the rules. At the same time, the article has controversy with the author of the book on a number of questions. The definition of the rationality in the book is so trivial (the choice of the best means achieving the goal) that it describes any human activity. According to the author of the article, there is an excessive propensity to geographical determinism in the book. The theory of young and old dictatorships and especially its application to the history of Soviet Russia causes great doubts. A rather primitive “economism” is used in determining the optimal size of the states. However, controversy with the author does not mean at all that the book does not satisfy the interest in problems posed in. On the contrary, this book will certainly become the starting point for all subsequent works in the field of the economics of history because of its conceptual depth and new vision of many aspects of historical process.

Added: Sep 24, 2019
Article
Васильев Л. С. Общественные науки и современность. 2008. № 5. С. 152-162.
Added: Sep 22, 2012
Article
Тихонова Н. Е. Общественные науки и современность. 2012. № 2. С. 38-52.

Considering specifi city of modernization processes in Russia, caused both by internal problems and Russias place in global economy, the author brings an attention to the question of features of standard-values system of Russian reformers. Results of the analysis of 12 values-blocks forming a basis of the variety of the standard-valuable systems of Russians are given.

Added: Aug 21, 2012
Article
Тихонова Н. Е. Общественные науки и современность. 2012. № 2. С. 38-52.

Considering specifi city of modernization processes in Russia, caused both by internal problems and Russias place in global economy, the author brings an attention to the question of features of standard-values system of Russian reformers. Results of the analysis of 12 values-blocks forming a basis of the variety of the standard-valuable systems of Russians are given.

Added: Dec 13, 2012
Article
Тихонова Н. Е. Общественные науки и современность. 2012. № 3. С. 5-21.

The author continues a theme begun in previous issue (see N. Tikhonovas article in Social Sciences Today, 2012, № 2). Feature of is standard-valuable system of the Russian society is shown. Actors of steady blocks of norms and values from consecutive traditionalists to nemodernists, the Russian modernists and postmodernists are discussed. Valuable preferences of two last groups are analyzed in detail; the specifi city essentially distinguishing them from the western modernists is shown.

Added: Dec 13, 2012
Article
Тихонова Н. Е. Общественные науки и современность. 2010. № 5. С. 31-44.
Added: Oct 1, 2012
Article
Паин Э. А. Общественные науки и современность. 2009. № 6. С. 37-54.
Added: Feb 1, 2010
Article
Сидорина Т. Ю. Общественные науки и современность. 2014. № 3. С. 140-150.
Added: Dec 5, 2014
Article
Гельман В. Я. Общественные науки и современность. 2006. № 1. С. 46-58.
Added: Oct 24, 2013
Article
Щербак А. Н., Ухватова М. В. Общественные науки и современность. 2018. Т. 6. № 6. С. 98-113.

The paper aims to explore the relationship between religion and politics in Russia from a spatial perspective. The rise of political influence of the Russian Orthodox Church can be partly explained by the alliance of the Church and the Kremlin: the latter openly declares its’ commitment to “traditional values’ and the former demonstrates unconditional loyalty to the regime. Unsurprisingly, one can observe the increase of Vladimir Putin’s  electoral support among the most religious Orthodox regions in the recent elections. Paradoxically, new Russian “Bible Belt” is made of formerly “red”, communist regions. We argue that it is not a coincidence. Using a comparative historical approach, we demonstrate that those regions of Central, South and Volga Russia  belong to the historical core of the Russian state. Thus, the rejection of communism in the Center would lead to the rejection in the core as well; the Kremlin’s conservative agenda was first of all accepted right there. The comparison with the most studied “Bible Belt” – in the protestant regions in the US South – reveals very similar historical background in the making of the religious belts: belonging to the historical core, prevalence of exploitive labor, the Civil War’s cleavage and political realignment. Finally, we examined some recent social-demographic indicators and revealed how political religiosity may affect not only electoral behavior but also highly debated family, marriage and sexual education policy in those belts.

Added: Jun 20, 2018
Article
Афанасьева О. В. Общественные науки и современность. 2013. № 2. С. 60-71.
Added: Jul 15, 2013
Article
Шаститко А. Е. Общественные науки и современность. 2012. № 5. С. 41-53.
Added: Feb 9, 2013
Article
Абрамов Р. Н. Общественные науки и современность. 2019. № 5. С. 108-120.

Positive emotions regarding the late Soviet period are at the center of the nostalgic sentiments of the Russian population. Stagnation Time and the period of the reign of Leonid Brezhnev plays an important role. Nostalgia takes on various forms, including commercialization, museumification and emotional affect. In this article, various aspects of nostalgia for the late Soviet past are analyzed. The article is based on the results of an online survey of residents of Russia of various ages, as well as a comparison of these results with available data from large companies specializing in public opinion polls. The results of the study show that the majority of respondents regret the collapse of the Soviet Union, many believe that this collapse could have been avoided, and also consider Leonid Brezhnev to be the leader of the country in the historical period when the people in the country lived best. Many respondents do not have positive associations associated with the Soviet, and these respondents do not want to go back to the past, even hypothetically. The study also showed that nostalgic reminiscences encompass representatives of different generations, and the very perception of the late Soviet past crystallized in the mass consciousness.

Added: Oct 19, 2019
Article
Шкаратан О. И., Инясевский С. А. Общественные науки и современность. 2008. № 3. С. 111-122.
Added: Sep 22, 2012
Article
Галяпина В. Н. Общественные науки и современность. 2015. № 2. С. 72-83.

The author by means of a focus group method examines notions of the Moscow host (Russian) population with the respect to migrants from the North Caucasus and Central Asia, and different problems associated with migration. The analysis reveals the differences in image of external and internal migrants, as well as the causes and factors contributing to the corresponding relation to both newcomer groups.

Added: Oct 22, 2015
Article
Автономов В. С. Общественные науки и современность. 2010. № 3. С. 173-176.
Added: Sep 30, 2012
Article
Захарова О. В. Общественные науки и современность. 2016. № 2. С. 82-93.
Added: May 31, 2016
Article
Рывкина Р. В. Общественные науки и современность. 2005. № 5.
Added: Aug 25, 2013
Article
Крючкова П. В., Шаститко А. Е. Общественные науки и современность. 2006. № 4.
Added: Nov 3, 2010