In connection with the increased attention of the State to the involvement of NPOs into providing services in social sectors, the Federal and regional legislation regulating the orders (procedures) for selecting social service providers is analyzed. The authors verify the hypothesis that these orders, which now are approved within all branches of the social sphere, have serious deficiencies that adversely affect the transparency of the above-mentioned procedures. Regional legislation is considered in relation to 15 specially selected subjects of the Russian Federation.
There are three types of selection procedures for social service providers: 1) competitive selection, 2) non-alternative choice of service provider by the customer, 3) the choice of the service provider by the consumer, including through the use of certificates. These orders are analyzed through the following components: the categories of suppliers from which selection is made; "input" requirements, that is, the requirements that the organization must satisfy in order to be admitted for selection; requirements for the customer (state or municipal authority) to submit information on the selection and selection results; selection criteria (for the competition); requirements for the procedure for reviewing and evaluating the proposals of participants (for the competition). The study confirmed the proposed hypothesis, and the flaws that adversely affect the transparency of the selection procedures exist for each of the indicated components.
Involving non-profit organizations (NPOs) in providing state and municipal services in the social sphere (including education, healthcare, culture and social policy, physical culture and sport, mass media) has been a priority of Russia’s social policy for the past several years. However, there has been no significant progress achieved in dealing with this issue, as evidenced by the fact that the need for such involvement has been repeatedly underlined in the speech of the President of Russian Federation addressed to the Federal Assembly (2013-2015). According to statistics, the volume of subsidiaries allocated to private organizations in the social sphere amounted to only 40 billion rubles in 2015 or 1.6% of the total funds allocated to this area in the federal budget. In comparison with 2013, it decreased by almost 15%.
The article presents the results of a research of socioeconomic mechanisms of involving NPOs in providing services in the social sphere. This article considers more specifically the level of real functioning of these mechanisms in the subjects of Russian Federation, through analyzing the indicators of amount and structure of the budget allocations to NPOs. These mechanisms are analyzed on the federal and regional levels through the scope of: a) the rights (and the duties) of the state (municipal) authorities to involve NPOs in providing social services at the expenses of budget funds; b) the procedures of service providers selection; c) the method (tool) of NPOs budgeting.
The article specifies deficiencies of these mechanisms that determine obstacles to a wider involvement of NPOs in providing social services. One of these obstacles is the low "status" of the services provided by NPOs. Today, they are often not formally related to the state (municipal) services ensuring the realization of social guarantees.
The article analyses the problems connected with using outsourcing in state service activity in the Russian Federation; gives a precise definition to the state services; offers notions of the state service and its service produce; points out the most perspective for outsourcing functoins of the state service.
Outcomes of key performance indicators application for the assessment of public authority performance are ambiguous. Theory of incentive contracts as well as international experience highlight the difficulties and possible externalities of KPI setting for public authority. Motivation system often distorts the incentives of public authorities, and applied indicators do not correctly reflect the priorities of enforcement for the society. One specific example is the assessment of performance of the Russian competition authority. In the paper we analyze the peculiarities of formation of ratio of the infringement decisions coming into legal force to all the infringement decisions made by competition authorities applied as one of key performance indicators. Using the data of the database of judicial reviews of infringement decisions, we show that the assessment of FAS performance based on the share of infringement decisions coming into legal force, distorts the incentives of the authority substantially. It motivates competition authority for making the large number of infringement decisions with the low probability to reverse but the low positive impact on consumer surplus and total welfare.
The article deals with an approach which is quite new for public administrationresearch, that of psychological analysis of public administration institutions,using the concept of social identity. Th e article focuses on the development of theapproach in psychology, and its applicability for studying relationship betweenindividuals and groups of people in an institution.
Focus of sociology in studies of Russian local self-government is within bounds of different aspects of interpretation of «local self-government» concept. Author deals with the social aspect, when main issue is a subject of local self-government. Relevance of this theme is determined by that the solving of problems of institutionalization of public associations objectively appears as a factor of local self-government institute development. Elaboration of strategies for sustainable development of municipalities, taking into consideration regional particularity and on the basis of implementation of new management technologies, also is needed. Information base of this work is formed, at first, by the results of sociologic poll of heads of more then 3,000 municipalities of all types from 60 subjects of Russian Federation, conducted in 2007 under initiative of Russian National Congress of Municipalities with organizational support of regional councils of municipal entities. Preparation of study program, toolkit and analysis of obtained results were made by the author. Secondly, it is formed by the results of all-Russia representative poll of population conducted by State University Higher School of Economics (HSE) within framework of monitoring of civil society status in Russian Federation. Factors interfering with active involvement of population to the solving of problems of local life are investigated. Motives of involvement of population into social life as well as participation in events organized on the place of living are specified in the article. Quantitative assessments of social basis of local self-government and its qualitative evaluation are given. Places of activisation of population's involvement to the solving of local problems, enhancement of attention to population's opinion and its reckoning on managerial decision-making level in general hierarchy of opportunities for improvement of social and economic situation of the Russian municipalities are shown. Occurrences of different types of population's involvement into the local self-government, and also degree of population's influence on the solving of problems of local life were analyzed according to evaluation of municipality heads and population. It is shown that in conditions, when the problems of formation of social basis of local self-government hardly will become an object of governmental care and attention, it is absolutely naturally, that municipal authorities promote by themselves the public's involvement to the solving of local problems, and establish partner relations with public and other non-governmental non-profit organizations daily making its contribution into the social and economic development of municipalities and improvement of population's life quality. Thus, the assistance to formation of institutes of civil society on the territory of municipalities should become one of the tasks for local self-government. However discussion on civil society in scope of concrete municipalities allows considerable dose of indetermination for application of this concept, to eliminate which the author's introduction of concept «civil community» allows. Formation of civil communities is not the task for population «in general». According to HSE polls, only 7% of Russians feel their full responsibility for situation that happens in their city (village, settlement). However each fifth feels his full responsibility for situation that happens in his house and courtyard, and 28% of Russians feel their significant responsibility for that. It is the extra argument for development and realization of objective-oriented programs of public activity escalation in the Russian municipalities, in order to guide potential of self-organizing of population for help to local government authorities in the solving of local problems that in conditions of limited resources acquires special significance.
The paper applies approaches of the New Institutional Economics to the issue of attracting experts to implementation of public administration functions. Classification of expert knowledge by source and field of application is proposed. Characteristics of different parties to the transactions are described, and approaches are suggested to address the problem of credible commitments of the parties to the transactions concerning expert knowledge, in view of key structural alternatives of governance mechanisms. Several issues to be addressed in future research have been stated.
The Code of Administrative Offences has been applied in Russia for more than 10 years. The article provides an overview of its applications in terms of bringing businesses to the administrative responsibility. To detect problems data survey is used. The article also contains proposals to change the law to address the problems identified.
The article is devoted to the challenges encountered by local self-government agencies while implementing their powers in the sphere of labor regulation and administration.
The article deals with the correlation of the current classification of the budgets costs with the task to pass to the program structure of the Federal budget costs; analysis of the composition of the costs codes of some state programs and program projects. The author has considered the components of the costs codes of the budgets, showed ways of correcting the definition principles of both a number of sections, subdivisions, target costs and of the principals of the budget means. The article makes proposals of the budget costs classification to be reorganized, so that the program costs structure be eflected.
The article studies factors influencing investment attractiveness of regions. The practical value of the work is in its empiric research which has been carried out. It allows to assess separately influence of material and non-material factors of a territory brand and to show which events carried out by regional and municipal authorities to promote territory are the most efficient to attract different groups of investors.
The research is based on open data selection in 83 regions of Russia for the period from 2010 till 2013 with the total of 332 records: region characteristics, both material and non-material attributes of territory brand, combined in independent variables by using factor analysis and the characteristics of investments attractiveness, have allowed form- ing four independent variables. Four regression models are evaluated by using two types of econometric models (with fixed and random effects).
The analysis results of the models have shown that the inflow of foreign investments is practically not influenced by the non-material brand attributes, while the most valu- able territory brand characteristic for this type of investment is the potential of labour market: the share of population with higher education, competence in English, skilled workforce. Non-material brand attributes are important to attract national investments. Among them the strongest attributes are territory promotion in mass-media, research and technological development as well as state events. The acquired results can be used by the federal, regional and municipal authorities while drawing the territory promotion strategies.
Regional expences in Russia on state-related procurements such as delivering goods, doing different work and servises to meet the state needs, are so big, that effective price policy of state contracts, i.e. producing communal goods of high quality and at possibly minimal price, still remains very important. Thus, it is necessary to understand what the price setting of state contracts depends on, what can affect it. The authors of the article, analyzing the relative prices of state contracts on petrol and diesel fuel, came to the conclusion that the more transparent information about state procurements is, the lower prices of state contracts are going to be. Information transparency infl uences both the number of perspective participants of the auction and their stratigic behaviour during the auction, which,in its turn, impacts the amount of price. Both factors are considered in this article.