We used a hypothesis that life style of people with mortgage commitments is specific and very different from people without a mortgage. To identify and describe the specifics of “mortgage scenarios” people were divided into two groups (30 persons each group) with and without a mortgage. Methods: specific semantic differential “Life style”, Scale I-E” Rotter, scale of reactive and trait anxiety Spielberger-Hanin, scale of existence (SE test) A. Langle and K. Orgler, author’s questionary. The main hypothesis was confirmed (proved). The eleven specific psychological characteristics of people living in the mortgage scenario are described.
With digital technology, reading and writing manifest themselves as being extensively multi-sensory activity entailing perceptual, cognitive and motor interactions with digital text. The paper studies a cognitive model of an electronic hypertext, according to which the connectivity between documents has proven to play an important role in determining the communicative and cognitive activity of a certain user in it. For the analysis, we collected RuNet links with a high citation index and built the Corpus (2242 samples). We analyzed the links and found out that in most cases (>45 %) the topic of the document becomes the object of the author's reception. Links form a semantic network around the document and realize the bidirectional associative connection with the topic. We found out that besides the topic of the document, genre, tone of communication, Spatio-temporal relationships in the structure of the electronic hypertext may also be the objects of the author's reception.
The article features a historical, philosophical, and psychological analysis of the concept of volition in the framework of the energetic approach. While acknowledging the existence of different approaches to volition, the authors justify the necessity to investigate this phenomenon from a new angle taking into consideration its energy component. The paper describes the history of the development of the concept of energy and gives a comparative analysis of its definitions in philosophical and psychological literature, which makes it possible to state that philosophers treat energy as a physical phenomenon, whereas psychologists focus on the psychic component of this concept. The authors offer a detailed review of the literature (domestic and foreign) in which volition and volitional qualities are defined through energy costs, energy efforts, and the concept of energy is used when studying behaviour, motivation, self-regulation, etc. In conclusion, the authors give their own interpretation of volition within the energetic approach based on the synthesis of the points of view described. The authors also make an assumption that the energy of volition changes the state of consciousness, which, in the long run, leads to some purposeful actions. The research results will make it possible to disclose, to some extent, one of the aspects of the complicated concept of energy in psychology. It will also help to investigate and define the intricate and contradictory concept of volition.
The article examines questions assessing the efficiency of production in the context of its green, and analyzes the economic benefits of recognition of the mark «cleaner production» intangible asset of the company, also a model of evaluating the effectiveness of cleaner production is considered.
The paper deals with critical thinking development through reading authentic news articles in English class. Teachers all over the world are trying to incorporate critical thinking skills into the learning process so as to raise their students as independent critical thinkers. The paper is firstly aimed at presenting a generalized theoretical view on the problem in consideration: background information, some approaches to definitions of critical thinking, principles of developing this human ability in English classes, etc. Secondly, there are several methodological guidelines for organizing various types of practical activities.
The article presents and discusses the results of the implementation in the 2013-2014 survey, the number of students from native peoples of the North and non-indigenous students living in Magadan, allowed, firstly, to compare the features of valuable orientations of students among the native peoples of the North and non-indigenous students, secondly, determine the specifics of valuable orientations of students among the indigenous people. To examine the specificity of students from native peoples of the North and non-indigenous students used the method "Valuable orientations" M. Rokeach. It was found that in the sample subjects from among indigenous peoples and non-indigenous peoples have similar structure of the terminal and instrumental values: equally important first position among value-goals take the "health" and "happy family life", including values-means - "education" and "Education", but the students are indigenous people above the value the beauty of nature and art. Thus, these data show that the representation of students from indigenous and non-indigenous people of significant life values are very similar and do not depend on their ethnic group.
The article examines the combination of the German verb lassen with an infinitive as an entire infinitival structure, where each component influences the creation of grammatical meanings of the whole structure. On the basis of this point of view the structural components which determine the meanings are analysed and described. Such factors as the lexical realization of a subject, presence and the lexical and morphological realization of an object, as well as the transitivity of a verb in an infinitival form are recognized to be significant. These characteristics of the structure-building components allow us to single out six models of the infinitival structure with lassen and describe their meanings and their forming mechanisms. The research has shown that the main modal meanings (causativeness, permissiveness and possibility) are specified according to structure-building components, such as: verbal and non-verbal causation, permissiveness, intentional or involuntary allowance of action, order, wish and reason. Some of them combine with the passive meaning.
The article assesses the evolution of EU-Russian relations, identifying structural levels of analysis in them (first and foremost, the dialogue between Russia and the EU as a block and Russia and individual EU member states). Stressing the evolution in the development of two levels from synchrony to cacophony and back to synchrony, the author identified the factors, which facilitated the synchrony of the EU’s position towards Russia. Particular attention is paid to the fact that factors, which led to the synchrony of national and community levels of the EU were different before and after the Ukrainian events in 2014, which led to a pronounced and deep crisis of EU-Russian relations. The author also examines in details the growth in complexity of the structural levels of analysis in 2014-2015. Two processes led to the latter: increased importance of international organisations, where both Russia and the EU are equal members, and strengthening of the institutions of the Eurasian integration.
The given article is devoted to the evolution of the image of Ship in the ancient literature on the example of two epic poems «Argonautica» by Apollonius of Rhodes and «Odyssey» by Homer. The aim of the article is to define the way of the image’s artistic transformation in the ancient literature, to reveal the characteristic features of its functoning in ancient myths and literary works, and to analyze the birth of a new artistic hypostasis of the Ship – the Flying Dutchman. Methods of the historical and culturological analyses as well as the method of the comparativistic analyses make the likeness of the ancient Ship and the Old Testament Noah’s Ark evident, also prooving that the image of Ship as it existed in the ancient times later on served as a prototype of the Flying Dutchman of the Romanticism epoch. The analyses of the Ship in the ancient period of its existence makes it possible to get a clearer picture of its most popular artistic hypostais – the Flying Dutchman.
The article addresses the issue of perception and processing of ambiguous information. Experimental effects of understanding of polysemantic stimuli (homonyms, reversed figures) on conscious and unconscious levels have been analyzed. It is shown that implicit awareness of several meanings occurs before the explication of one meaning of stimulus take place. The aim of the current research is to discover the effect of asymmetry of semantic activation in unconscious perception of ambiguous information (in homonyms). The procedures and results of the two conducted studies are fully described. In Experiment 1, technique of priming was used, in which ambiguous words were used as prime stimuli. Participants were randomly divided into four groups (two experimental and two control groups). Unconscious primes with visual mask were demonstrated to participants of experimental groups. Then, two words were demonstrated, only one of which had semantic relation to one meaning of the prime stimulus. The sets of stimuli in the experimental groups differed only in the words that were semantically related to the meaning of the ambiguous prime. The words that were not semantically related to the prime stimuli were identical. Then all participants (including participants in control groups) were told to choose as quickly as they could one word of two, using keys “left” or “right”. The results supported the hypothesis about the asymmetry of semantic activation in general. Participants did choose words related to particular meaning of prime stimuli more often. In Experiment 2, participants were asked to write down associations with the same words that were used as primes in Experiment 1. The results have shown that stronger association between prime and ambiguous stimuli facilitates priming-effect, while weaker association makes priming-effect insignificant. The present research supports the proposition that all alternative meanings of ambiguous words are more or less actualized implicitly, which influences further cognitive activity. The described phenomenon was labeled as the effect of semantic activation asymmetry. On the unconscious level, this asymmetry shows up as quantitative difference between priming-effects. On the conscious level, this asymmetry shows up as easiness and accessibility of verbal associations on corresponding meaning of the ambiguous word.