A comparative study of various widely used methods of reductive amination is reported. Specifically, such reducing agents as H2, Pd/C, hydride reagents [NaBH4, NaBH3CN, NaBH(OAc)3], and CO/Rh2(OAc)4 system were considered. For understanding the selectivity and activity of the reducing agents reviewed herein, different classes of starting materials were tested, including aliphatic and aromatic amines, as well as aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes and ketones. Most important advantages and drawbacks of the methods, such as selectivity of the target amine formation and toxicity of the reducing agents were compared. Methods were also considered from the viewpoint of green chemistry.
2-Azidomethyl-5-ethynylfuran, a new ambivalent compound with both azide and alkyne moieties that can be used as a self-clickable monomer, is synthesized starting directly from renewable biomass. The reactivity of the azide group linked to furfural is tested via the efficient preparation of a broad range of furfural-containing triazoles in good to excellent yields using a ‘green’ copper(I)-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition procedure. Access to new bio-based chemicals and oligomeric materials via a click-chemistry approach is also demonstrated using this bio-derived building block.