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Realism about the Self admits existence of the Self as a self-subsistent and independent entity – as a Cartesian ego. Being a kind of mental realism, realism about the Self relies on some phenomenology of the Self. There are two main strategies of refuting realism about the Self. The first strategy is based on reductive physicalism and scientific realism in the Sellarsian sense. The second strategy which can be called linguistic has as its starting point late L. Wittgenstein’s considerations concerning the grammar of the pronoun «I». In the paper advantages and weaknesses of the linguistic refutation of realism about the Self are investigated.
The paper is devoted to the problem of rehabilitation of metaphysics in the contemporary analytic philosophy. It traces the connection of analytic metaphysics with Aristotelian and Kantian approaches to this subject; it also marks its main features and demonstrates a new understanding of realism in analytic philosophy.